Diastereoselectivities in Reductions of α-Alkoxy Ketones Are Not Always Correlated to Chelation-Induced Rate Acceleration

Nicole D. Bartolo, Alana L. Hornstein, Annie Y. Zhao, K. A. Woerpel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The chelation-control model is used to predict stereochemical outcomes of many organometallic reactions. Diastereoselectivity arises due to reaction with a chelated intermediate with sterically differentiated faces. Earlier studies with dimethylmagnesium established that the chelated intermediate is a minor component of the reaction mixture, so reaction with the chelated intermediate must be faster than reaction with a non-chelated intermediate. High diastereoselectivity and chelation-induced rate acceleration are correlated with some hydride reducing agents. There are examples in which diastereoselectivity is high, but chelation-induced rate acceleration is not observed, however. In other cases, chelation-induced rate acceleration is observed, but diastereoselectivity remains low. These experiments illustrate that a revision to the chelation-control model is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)296-302
Number of pages7
JournalSynthesis (Germany)
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • chelation control
  • hydride reductions
  • stereoselectivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry

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