Development of a technology-assisted food frequency questionnaire for elementary and middle school children: Findings from a pilot study

Andrea Deierlein, Jessica Bihuniak, Ekanta Nagi, Jackie Litvak, Christian Victoria, Tanya Braune, Rick Weiss, Niyati Parekh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: This pilot study collected preliminary data for the modification of the VioScreen Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), an adult-validated, self-administered, web-based dietary assessment tool for use in older children. Methods: A convenience sample of 55 children, aged 6–14 years, completed the VioScreen FFQ and 3-day diet record (reference standard). Caregivers completed a short sociodemographic questionnaire. Reported dietary intakes from the VioScreen FFQ and 3-day diet record were calculated using standard nutrient databases, and descriptive statistics were used to examine differences in food/beverage items and portion sizes between the two methods. Informal focus groups obtained user feedback and identified components of the VioScreen FFQ that required modifications. Results: The highest de-attenuated Pearson correlation coefficients between the VioScreen FFQ and 3-day diet record were observed for iron (r = 0.69), saturated fat (r = 0.59), and vegetables (r = 0.56), and the lowest were for whole grains (r = 0.11) and vitamin C (r = 0.16). Qualitative feedback was overall positive, and six technological modifications were identified. Conclusion: Findings from this pilot study provided valuable information on the process of evaluating the use of the VioScreen FFQ among older children, and will inform the future development of a modified version for this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1103
JournalNutrients
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

Fingerprint

middle school students
elementary students
Food Technology
food frequency questionnaires
Diet Records
Food
animal technicians
diet
portion size
Portion Size
nutrient databanks
focus groups
whole grain foods
reference standards
Food and Beverages
beverages
Surveys and Questionnaires
Focus Groups
food intake
Vegetables

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Children
  • Dietary assessment
  • Food frequency questionnaire
  • Web-based

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Development of a technology-assisted food frequency questionnaire for elementary and middle school children : Findings from a pilot study. / Deierlein, Andrea; Bihuniak, Jessica; Nagi, Ekanta; Litvak, Jackie; Victoria, Christian; Braune, Tanya; Weiss, Rick; Parekh, Niyati.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 11, No. 5, 1103, 01.05.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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