Development and validation of a professional behavior assessment

Kristie Koenig, Caryn Johnson, Cathleen K. Morano, Joseph P. Ducette

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Allied health students must quickly socialize into a professional role as they transition from classroom to clinic. In addition to skill development, students must exhibit a host of professional behaviors that facilitate successful interaction with patients, families, and colleagues. There is a need for a valid, reliable assessment of professional behaviors that contribute to clinical competence. This study reports on the development and validation of a professional behavior assessment for occupational therapy students on a part-time clinical rotation (Level I). The Philadelphia Region Fieldwork Consortium (PRFC) Level 1 Student Evaluation was developed from an initial survey (n = 75) to generate an item pool, followed by a content review by a panel of experts (n = 5) to establish relevancy, clarity and content validity. This 12-item instrument was administered to 317 occupational therapy and occupational therapy assistant students. A principal component factor analysis and item analysis was conducted. Internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha) was 0.89, with intra-rater reliability for the 12 items ranging from 0.68 for "written communication" to 0.89 for "observation skills." The PRFC Level I Evaluation demonstrates discriminant validity, with students on their first clinical rotation scoring significantly (p < 0.001) lower than students on their third or fourth rotations, indicating a developmental process of professional socialization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-91
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Allied Health
Volume32
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2003

Fingerprint

Students
Occupational Therapy
Professional Role
Clinical Competence
Socialization
Principal Component Analysis
Statistical Factor Analysis
Communication
Observation
Health

Keywords

  • professional behavior
  • health sciences
  • occupational therapy
  • occupational therapy students
  • health professions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Koenig, K., Johnson, C., Morano, C. K., & Ducette, J. P. (2003). Development and validation of a professional behavior assessment. Journal of Allied Health, 32(2), 86-91.

Development and validation of a professional behavior assessment. / Koenig, Kristie; Johnson, Caryn; Morano, Cathleen K.; Ducette, Joseph P.

In: Journal of Allied Health, Vol. 32, No. 2, 06.2003, p. 86-91.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Koenig, K, Johnson, C, Morano, CK & Ducette, JP 2003, 'Development and validation of a professional behavior assessment', Journal of Allied Health, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 86-91.
Koenig, Kristie ; Johnson, Caryn ; Morano, Cathleen K. ; Ducette, Joseph P. / Development and validation of a professional behavior assessment. In: Journal of Allied Health. 2003 ; Vol. 32, No. 2. pp. 86-91.
@article{ffdf16a84e234873b01eddaea713b75e,
title = "Development and validation of a professional behavior assessment",
abstract = "Allied health students must quickly socialize into a professional role as they transition from classroom to clinic. In addition to skill development, students must exhibit a host of professional behaviors that facilitate successful interaction with patients, families, and colleagues. There is a need for a valid, reliable assessment of professional behaviors that contribute to clinical competence. This study reports on the development and validation of a professional behavior assessment for occupational therapy students on a part-time clinical rotation (Level I). The Philadelphia Region Fieldwork Consortium (PRFC) Level 1 Student Evaluation was developed from an initial survey (n = 75) to generate an item pool, followed by a content review by a panel of experts (n = 5) to establish relevancy, clarity and content validity. This 12-item instrument was administered to 317 occupational therapy and occupational therapy assistant students. A principal component factor analysis and item analysis was conducted. Internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha) was 0.89, with intra-rater reliability for the 12 items ranging from 0.68 for {"}written communication{"} to 0.89 for {"}observation skills.{"} The PRFC Level I Evaluation demonstrates discriminant validity, with students on their first clinical rotation scoring significantly (p < 0.001) lower than students on their third or fourth rotations, indicating a developmental process of professional socialization.",
keywords = "professional behavior, health sciences, occupational therapy, occupational therapy students, health professions",
author = "Kristie Koenig and Caryn Johnson and Morano, {Cathleen K.} and Ducette, {Joseph P.}",
year = "2003",
month = "6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "32",
pages = "86--91",
journal = "Journal of Allied Health",
issn = "0090-7421",
publisher = "Science and Medicine Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development and validation of a professional behavior assessment

AU - Koenig, Kristie

AU - Johnson, Caryn

AU - Morano, Cathleen K.

AU - Ducette, Joseph P.

PY - 2003/6

Y1 - 2003/6

N2 - Allied health students must quickly socialize into a professional role as they transition from classroom to clinic. In addition to skill development, students must exhibit a host of professional behaviors that facilitate successful interaction with patients, families, and colleagues. There is a need for a valid, reliable assessment of professional behaviors that contribute to clinical competence. This study reports on the development and validation of a professional behavior assessment for occupational therapy students on a part-time clinical rotation (Level I). The Philadelphia Region Fieldwork Consortium (PRFC) Level 1 Student Evaluation was developed from an initial survey (n = 75) to generate an item pool, followed by a content review by a panel of experts (n = 5) to establish relevancy, clarity and content validity. This 12-item instrument was administered to 317 occupational therapy and occupational therapy assistant students. A principal component factor analysis and item analysis was conducted. Internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha) was 0.89, with intra-rater reliability for the 12 items ranging from 0.68 for "written communication" to 0.89 for "observation skills." The PRFC Level I Evaluation demonstrates discriminant validity, with students on their first clinical rotation scoring significantly (p < 0.001) lower than students on their third or fourth rotations, indicating a developmental process of professional socialization.

AB - Allied health students must quickly socialize into a professional role as they transition from classroom to clinic. In addition to skill development, students must exhibit a host of professional behaviors that facilitate successful interaction with patients, families, and colleagues. There is a need for a valid, reliable assessment of professional behaviors that contribute to clinical competence. This study reports on the development and validation of a professional behavior assessment for occupational therapy students on a part-time clinical rotation (Level I). The Philadelphia Region Fieldwork Consortium (PRFC) Level 1 Student Evaluation was developed from an initial survey (n = 75) to generate an item pool, followed by a content review by a panel of experts (n = 5) to establish relevancy, clarity and content validity. This 12-item instrument was administered to 317 occupational therapy and occupational therapy assistant students. A principal component factor analysis and item analysis was conducted. Internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha) was 0.89, with intra-rater reliability for the 12 items ranging from 0.68 for "written communication" to 0.89 for "observation skills." The PRFC Level I Evaluation demonstrates discriminant validity, with students on their first clinical rotation scoring significantly (p < 0.001) lower than students on their third or fourth rotations, indicating a developmental process of professional socialization.

KW - professional behavior

KW - health sciences

KW - occupational therapy

KW - occupational therapy students

KW - health professions

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0141499411&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0141499411&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 12801020

AN - SCOPUS:0141499411

VL - 32

SP - 86

EP - 91

JO - Journal of Allied Health

JF - Journal of Allied Health

SN - 0090-7421

IS - 2

ER -