Detection of Cherenkov light emission in liquid argon

M. Antonello, Francesco Arneodo, A. Badertscher, B. Baiboussinov, M. Baldo Ceolin, G. Battistoni, B. Bekman, P. Benetti, E. Bernardini, M. Bischofberger, A. Borio di Tigliole, R. Brunetti, A. Bueno, E. Calligarich, M. Campanelli, C. Carpanese, D. Cavalli, F. Cavanna, P. Cennini, S. CentroA. Cesana, C. Chen, D. Chen, D. B. Chen, Y. Chen, C. Cieślik, D. Cline, Z. Dai, C. De Vecchi, A. Da̧browska, R. Dolfini, M. Felcini, A. Ferrari, F. Ferri, Y. Ge, D. Gibin, A. Gigli Berzolari, I. Gil-Botella, K. Graczyk, L. Grandi, A. Guglielmi, K. He, J. Holeczek, X. Huang, C. Juszczak, D. Kielłczewska, J. Kisiel, T. Kozlowski, M. Laffranchi, J. LŁagoda, Z. Li, F. Lu, J. Ma, M. Markiewicz, C. Matthey, F. Mauri, D. Mazza, G. Meng, M. Messina, C. Montanari, S. Muraro, S. Navas-Concha, G. Nurzia, S. Otwinowski, Q. Ouyang, O. Palamara, D. Pascoli, L. Periale, G. B. Piano Mortari, A. Piazzoli, P. Picchi, F. Pietropaolo, W. Pólłchlłopek, T. Rancati, A. Rappoldi, G. L. Raselli, J. Rico, E. Rondio, M. Rossella, A. Rubbia, C. Rubbia, P. Sala, D. Scannicchio, E. Segreto, Y. Seo, F. Sergiampietri, J. Sobczyk, J. Stepaniak, M. Szarska, M. Szeptycka, M. Terrani, S. Ventura, C. Vignoli, H. Wang, J. Woo, G. Xu, Z. Xu, A. Zalewska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Detection of Cherenkov light emission in liquid argon has been obtained with an ICARUS prototype, during a dedicated test run at the Gran Sasso Laboratory external facility. Ionizing tracks from cosmic ray muons crossing the detector active volume have been collected in coincidence with visible light signals from a photo-multiplier (PMT) immersed in liquid argon. A 3D reconstruction of the tracks has been performed exploiting the ICARUS imaging capability. The angular distributions of the tracks triggered by the PMT signals show an evident directionality. By means of a detailed Monte Carlo simulation we show that the geometrical characteristics of the events are compatible with the hypothesis of Cherenkov light emission as the main source of the PMT signals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)348-363
Number of pages16
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume516
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 11 2004

Fingerprint

Light emission
multipliers
light emission
Argon
argon
Cosmic rays
Angular distribution
Liquids
liquids
Detectors
Imaging techniques
muons
cosmic rays
angular distribution
prototypes
detectors
simulation
Monte Carlo simulation

Keywords

  • Cherenkov light
  • Liquid Argon
  • Track Reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Detection of Cherenkov light emission in liquid argon. / Antonello, M.; Arneodo, Francesco; Badertscher, A.; Baiboussinov, B.; Baldo Ceolin, M.; Battistoni, G.; Bekman, B.; Benetti, P.; Bernardini, E.; Bischofberger, M.; Borio di Tigliole, A.; Brunetti, R.; Bueno, A.; Calligarich, E.; Campanelli, M.; Carpanese, C.; Cavalli, D.; Cavanna, F.; Cennini, P.; Centro, S.; Cesana, A.; Chen, C.; Chen, D.; Chen, D. B.; Chen, Y.; Cieślik, C.; Cline, D.; Dai, Z.; De Vecchi, C.; Da̧browska, A.; Dolfini, R.; Felcini, M.; Ferrari, A.; Ferri, F.; Ge, Y.; Gibin, D.; Gigli Berzolari, A.; Gil-Botella, I.; Graczyk, K.; Grandi, L.; Guglielmi, A.; He, K.; Holeczek, J.; Huang, X.; Juszczak, C.; Kielłczewska, D.; Kisiel, J.; Kozlowski, T.; Laffranchi, M.; LŁagoda, J.; Li, Z.; Lu, F.; Ma, J.; Markiewicz, M.; Matthey, C.; Mauri, F.; Mazza, D.; Meng, G.; Messina, M.; Montanari, C.; Muraro, S.; Navas-Concha, S.; Nurzia, G.; Otwinowski, S.; Ouyang, Q.; Palamara, O.; Pascoli, D.; Periale, L.; Piano Mortari, G. B.; Piazzoli, A.; Picchi, P.; Pietropaolo, F.; Pólłchlłopek, W.; Rancati, T.; Rappoldi, A.; Raselli, G. L.; Rico, J.; Rondio, E.; Rossella, M.; Rubbia, A.; Rubbia, C.; Sala, P.; Scannicchio, D.; Segreto, E.; Seo, Y.; Sergiampietri, F.; Sobczyk, J.; Stepaniak, J.; Szarska, M.; Szeptycka, M.; Terrani, M.; Ventura, S.; Vignoli, C.; Wang, H.; Woo, J.; Xu, G.; Xu, Z.; Zalewska, A.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 516, No. 2-3, 11.01.2004, p. 348-363.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Antonello, M, Arneodo, F, Badertscher, A, Baiboussinov, B, Baldo Ceolin, M, Battistoni, G, Bekman, B, Benetti, P, Bernardini, E, Bischofberger, M, Borio di Tigliole, A, Brunetti, R, Bueno, A, Calligarich, E, Campanelli, M, Carpanese, C, Cavalli, D, Cavanna, F, Cennini, P, Centro, S, Cesana, A, Chen, C, Chen, D, Chen, DB, Chen, Y, Cieślik, C, Cline, D, Dai, Z, De Vecchi, C, Da̧browska, A, Dolfini, R, Felcini, M, Ferrari, A, Ferri, F, Ge, Y, Gibin, D, Gigli Berzolari, A, Gil-Botella, I, Graczyk, K, Grandi, L, Guglielmi, A, He, K, Holeczek, J, Huang, X, Juszczak, C, Kielłczewska, D, Kisiel, J, Kozlowski, T, Laffranchi, M, LŁagoda, J, Li, Z, Lu, F, Ma, J, Markiewicz, M, Matthey, C, Mauri, F, Mazza, D, Meng, G, Messina, M, Montanari, C, Muraro, S, Navas-Concha, S, Nurzia, G, Otwinowski, S, Ouyang, Q, Palamara, O, Pascoli, D, Periale, L, Piano Mortari, GB, Piazzoli, A, Picchi, P, Pietropaolo, F, Pólłchlłopek, W, Rancati, T, Rappoldi, A, Raselli, GL, Rico, J, Rondio, E, Rossella, M, Rubbia, A, Rubbia, C, Sala, P, Scannicchio, D, Segreto, E, Seo, Y, Sergiampietri, F, Sobczyk, J, Stepaniak, J, Szarska, M, Szeptycka, M, Terrani, M, Ventura, S, Vignoli, C, Wang, H, Woo, J, Xu, G, Xu, Z & Zalewska, A 2004, 'Detection of Cherenkov light emission in liquid argon', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 516, no. 2-3, pp. 348-363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2003.08.177
Antonello, M. ; Arneodo, Francesco ; Badertscher, A. ; Baiboussinov, B. ; Baldo Ceolin, M. ; Battistoni, G. ; Bekman, B. ; Benetti, P. ; Bernardini, E. ; Bischofberger, M. ; Borio di Tigliole, A. ; Brunetti, R. ; Bueno, A. ; Calligarich, E. ; Campanelli, M. ; Carpanese, C. ; Cavalli, D. ; Cavanna, F. ; Cennini, P. ; Centro, S. ; Cesana, A. ; Chen, C. ; Chen, D. ; Chen, D. B. ; Chen, Y. ; Cieślik, C. ; Cline, D. ; Dai, Z. ; De Vecchi, C. ; Da̧browska, A. ; Dolfini, R. ; Felcini, M. ; Ferrari, A. ; Ferri, F. ; Ge, Y. ; Gibin, D. ; Gigli Berzolari, A. ; Gil-Botella, I. ; Graczyk, K. ; Grandi, L. ; Guglielmi, A. ; He, K. ; Holeczek, J. ; Huang, X. ; Juszczak, C. ; Kielłczewska, D. ; Kisiel, J. ; Kozlowski, T. ; Laffranchi, M. ; LŁagoda, J. ; Li, Z. ; Lu, F. ; Ma, J. ; Markiewicz, M. ; Matthey, C. ; Mauri, F. ; Mazza, D. ; Meng, G. ; Messina, M. ; Montanari, C. ; Muraro, S. ; Navas-Concha, S. ; Nurzia, G. ; Otwinowski, S. ; Ouyang, Q. ; Palamara, O. ; Pascoli, D. ; Periale, L. ; Piano Mortari, G. B. ; Piazzoli, A. ; Picchi, P. ; Pietropaolo, F. ; Pólłchlłopek, W. ; Rancati, T. ; Rappoldi, A. ; Raselli, G. L. ; Rico, J. ; Rondio, E. ; Rossella, M. ; Rubbia, A. ; Rubbia, C. ; Sala, P. ; Scannicchio, D. ; Segreto, E. ; Seo, Y. ; Sergiampietri, F. ; Sobczyk, J. ; Stepaniak, J. ; Szarska, M. ; Szeptycka, M. ; Terrani, M. ; Ventura, S. ; Vignoli, C. ; Wang, H. ; Woo, J. ; Xu, G. ; Xu, Z. ; Zalewska, A. / Detection of Cherenkov light emission in liquid argon. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 2004 ; Vol. 516, No. 2-3. pp. 348-363.
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Detection of Cherenkov light emission in liquid argon

AU - Antonello, M.

AU - Arneodo, Francesco

AU - Badertscher, A.

AU - Baiboussinov, B.

AU - Baldo Ceolin, M.

AU - Battistoni, G.

AU - Bekman, B.

AU - Benetti, P.

AU - Bernardini, E.

AU - Bischofberger, M.

AU - Borio di Tigliole, A.

AU - Brunetti, R.

AU - Bueno, A.

AU - Calligarich, E.

AU - Campanelli, M.

AU - Carpanese, C.

AU - Cavalli, D.

AU - Cavanna, F.

AU - Cennini, P.

AU - Centro, S.

AU - Cesana, A.

AU - Chen, C.

AU - Chen, D.

AU - Chen, D. B.

AU - Chen, Y.

AU - Cieślik, C.

AU - Cline, D.

AU - Dai, Z.

AU - De Vecchi, C.

AU - Da̧browska, A.

AU - Dolfini, R.

AU - Felcini, M.

AU - Ferrari, A.

AU - Ferri, F.

AU - Ge, Y.

AU - Gibin, D.

AU - Gigli Berzolari, A.

AU - Gil-Botella, I.

AU - Graczyk, K.

AU - Grandi, L.

AU - Guglielmi, A.

AU - He, K.

AU - Holeczek, J.

AU - Huang, X.

AU - Juszczak, C.

AU - Kielłczewska, D.

AU - Kisiel, J.

AU - Kozlowski, T.

AU - Laffranchi, M.

AU - LŁagoda, J.

AU - Li, Z.

AU - Lu, F.

AU - Ma, J.

AU - Markiewicz, M.

AU - Matthey, C.

AU - Mauri, F.

AU - Mazza, D.

AU - Meng, G.

AU - Messina, M.

AU - Montanari, C.

AU - Muraro, S.

AU - Navas-Concha, S.

AU - Nurzia, G.

AU - Otwinowski, S.

AU - Ouyang, Q.

AU - Palamara, O.

AU - Pascoli, D.

AU - Periale, L.

AU - Piano Mortari, G. B.

AU - Piazzoli, A.

AU - Picchi, P.

AU - Pietropaolo, F.

AU - Pólłchlłopek, W.

AU - Rancati, T.

AU - Rappoldi, A.

AU - Raselli, G. L.

AU - Rico, J.

AU - Rondio, E.

AU - Rossella, M.

AU - Rubbia, A.

AU - Rubbia, C.

AU - Sala, P.

AU - Scannicchio, D.

AU - Segreto, E.

AU - Seo, Y.

AU - Sergiampietri, F.

AU - Sobczyk, J.

AU - Stepaniak, J.

AU - Szarska, M.

AU - Szeptycka, M.

AU - Terrani, M.

AU - Ventura, S.

AU - Vignoli, C.

AU - Wang, H.

AU - Woo, J.

AU - Xu, G.

AU - Xu, Z.

AU - Zalewska, A.

PY - 2004/1/11

Y1 - 2004/1/11

N2 - Detection of Cherenkov light emission in liquid argon has been obtained with an ICARUS prototype, during a dedicated test run at the Gran Sasso Laboratory external facility. Ionizing tracks from cosmic ray muons crossing the detector active volume have been collected in coincidence with visible light signals from a photo-multiplier (PMT) immersed in liquid argon. A 3D reconstruction of the tracks has been performed exploiting the ICARUS imaging capability. The angular distributions of the tracks triggered by the PMT signals show an evident directionality. By means of a detailed Monte Carlo simulation we show that the geometrical characteristics of the events are compatible with the hypothesis of Cherenkov light emission as the main source of the PMT signals.

AB - Detection of Cherenkov light emission in liquid argon has been obtained with an ICARUS prototype, during a dedicated test run at the Gran Sasso Laboratory external facility. Ionizing tracks from cosmic ray muons crossing the detector active volume have been collected in coincidence with visible light signals from a photo-multiplier (PMT) immersed in liquid argon. A 3D reconstruction of the tracks has been performed exploiting the ICARUS imaging capability. The angular distributions of the tracks triggered by the PMT signals show an evident directionality. By means of a detailed Monte Carlo simulation we show that the geometrical characteristics of the events are compatible with the hypothesis of Cherenkov light emission as the main source of the PMT signals.

KW - Cherenkov light

KW - Liquid Argon

KW - Track Reconstruction

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U2 - 10.1016/j.nima.2003.08.177

DO - 10.1016/j.nima.2003.08.177

M3 - Article

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SP - 348

EP - 363

JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

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