Design, construction and tests of the ICARUS T600 detector

S. Amerio, S. Amoruso, M. Antonello, P. Aprili, M. Armenante, Francesco Arneodo, A. Badertscher, B. Baiboussinov, M. Baldo Ceolin, G. Battistoni, B. Bekman, P. Benetti, E. Bernardini, M. Bischofberger, A. Borio di Tigliole, R. Brunetti, R. Bruzzese, A. Bueno, E. Calligarich, M. CampanelliF. Carbonara, C. Carpanese, D. Cavalli, F. Cavanna, P. Cennini, S. Centro, A. Cesana, C. Chen, D. Chen, D. B. Chen, Y. Chen, R. Cid, D. B. Cline, K. Cieślik, A. G. Cocco, D. Corti, Z. Dai, C. de Vecchi, A. Dabrowska, A. di Cicco, R. Dolfini, A. Ereditato, M. Felcini, A. Ferella, A. Ferrari, F. Ferri, G. Fiorillo, S. Galli, D. Garcia Gamez, Y. Ge, D. Gibin, A. Gigli Berzolari, I. Gil-Botella, K. Graczyk, L. Grandi, A. Guglielmi, K. He, J. Holeczek, X. Huang, C. Juszczak, D. Kielczewska, J. Kisiel, T. Kozlowski, H. Kuna-Ciskal, M. Laffranchi, J. Lagoda, Z. Li, B. Lisowski, F. Lu, J. Ma, G. Mangano, G. Mannocchi, M. Markiewicz, A. Martinez de la Ossa, C. Matthey, F. Mauri, D. Mazza, A. J. Melgarejo, A. Menegolli, G. Meng, M. Messina, J. W. Mietelski, C. Montanari, S. Muraro, S. Navas-Concha, M. Nicoletto, J. Nowak, G. Nurzia, C. Osuna, S. Otwinowski, Q. Ouyang, O. Palamara, D. Pascoli, L. Periale, G. Piano Mortari, A. Piazzoli, P. Picchi, F. Pietropaolo, W. Pólchlopek, M. Prata, T. Rancati, A. Rappoldi, G. L. Raselli, J. Rico, E. Rondio, M. Rossella, A. Rubbia, C. Rubbia, P. Sala, R. Santorelli, D. Scannicchio, E. Segreto, Y. Seo, F. Sergiampietri, J. Sobczyk, N. Spinelli, J. Stepaniak, R. Sulej, M. Szeptycka, M. Szarska, M. Terrani, G. Trinchero, R. Velotta, S. Ventura, C. Vignoli, H. Wang, X. Wang, J. Woo, G. Xu, Z. Xu, X. Yang, A. Zalewska, J. Zalipska, C. Zhang, Q. Zhang, S. Zhen, W. Zipper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have constructed and operated the ICARUS T600 liquid argon (LAr) time projection chamber (TPC). The ICARUS T600 detector is the largest LAr TPC ever built, with a size of about 500 tons of fully imaging mass. The design and assembly of the detector relied on industrial support and represents the applications of concepts matured in laboratory tests to the kton scale. The ICARUS T600 was commissioned for a technical run that lasted about 3 months. During this period all the detector features were extensively tested with an exposure to cosmic-rays at surface with a resulting data collection of about 30000 events. The detector was developed as the first element of a modular design. Thanks to the concept of modularity, it will be possible to realize a detector with several ktons active mass, to act as an observatory for astroparticle and neutrino physics at the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory and a second-generation nucleon decay experiment. In this paper a description of the ICARUS T600 is given, detailing its design specifications, assembly procedures and acceptance tests. Commissioning procedures and results of the technical run are also reported, as well as results from the off-line event reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-410
Number of pages82
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume527
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 21 2004

Fingerprint

Detectors
detectors
Argon
assembly
chambers
projection
argon
modularity
Acceptance tests
Cosmic rays
Liquids
Observatories
liquids
acceptability
specifications
cosmic rays
observatories
neutrinos
Physics
Specifications

Keywords

  • Calorimetry
  • Liquid Argon
  • Neutrino interaction
  • Nucleon decay
  • TPC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Design, construction and tests of the ICARUS T600 detector. / Amerio, S.; Amoruso, S.; Antonello, M.; Aprili, P.; Armenante, M.; Arneodo, Francesco; Badertscher, A.; Baiboussinov, B.; Baldo Ceolin, M.; Battistoni, G.; Bekman, B.; Benetti, P.; Bernardini, E.; Bischofberger, M.; Borio di Tigliole, A.; Brunetti, R.; Bruzzese, R.; Bueno, A.; Calligarich, E.; Campanelli, M.; Carbonara, F.; Carpanese, C.; Cavalli, D.; Cavanna, F.; Cennini, P.; Centro, S.; Cesana, A.; Chen, C.; Chen, D.; Chen, D. B.; Chen, Y.; Cid, R.; Cline, D. B.; Cieślik, K.; Cocco, A. G.; Corti, D.; Dai, Z.; de Vecchi, C.; Dabrowska, A.; di Cicco, A.; Dolfini, R.; Ereditato, A.; Felcini, M.; Ferella, A.; Ferrari, A.; Ferri, F.; Fiorillo, G.; Galli, S.; Garcia Gamez, D.; Ge, Y.; Gibin, D.; Gigli Berzolari, A.; Gil-Botella, I.; Graczyk, K.; Grandi, L.; Guglielmi, A.; He, K.; Holeczek, J.; Huang, X.; Juszczak, C.; Kielczewska, D.; Kisiel, J.; Kozlowski, T.; Kuna-Ciskal, H.; Laffranchi, M.; Lagoda, J.; Li, Z.; Lisowski, B.; Lu, F.; Ma, J.; Mangano, G.; Mannocchi, G.; Markiewicz, M.; Martinez de la Ossa, A.; Matthey, C.; Mauri, F.; Mazza, D.; Melgarejo, A. J.; Menegolli, A.; Meng, G.; Messina, M.; Mietelski, J. W.; Montanari, C.; Muraro, S.; Navas-Concha, S.; Nicoletto, M.; Nowak, J.; Nurzia, G.; Osuna, C.; Otwinowski, S.; Ouyang, Q.; Palamara, O.; Pascoli, D.; Periale, L.; Piano Mortari, G.; Piazzoli, A.; Picchi, P.; Pietropaolo, F.; Pólchlopek, W.; Prata, M.; Rancati, T.; Rappoldi, A.; Raselli, G. L.; Rico, J.; Rondio, E.; Rossella, M.; Rubbia, A.; Rubbia, C.; Sala, P.; Santorelli, R.; Scannicchio, D.; Segreto, E.; Seo, Y.; Sergiampietri, F.; Sobczyk, J.; Spinelli, N.; Stepaniak, J.; Sulej, R.; Szeptycka, M.; Szarska, M.; Terrani, M.; Trinchero, G.; Velotta, R.; Ventura, S.; Vignoli, C.; Wang, H.; Wang, X.; Woo, J.; Xu, G.; Xu, Z.; Yang, X.; Zalewska, A.; Zalipska, J.; Zhang, C.; Zhang, Q.; Zhen, S.; Zipper, W.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 527, No. 3, 21.07.2004, p. 329-410.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Amerio, S, Amoruso, S, Antonello, M, Aprili, P, Armenante, M, Arneodo, F, Badertscher, A, Baiboussinov, B, Baldo Ceolin, M, Battistoni, G, Bekman, B, Benetti, P, Bernardini, E, Bischofberger, M, Borio di Tigliole, A, Brunetti, R, Bruzzese, R, Bueno, A, Calligarich, E, Campanelli, M, Carbonara, F, Carpanese, C, Cavalli, D, Cavanna, F, Cennini, P, Centro, S, Cesana, A, Chen, C, Chen, D, Chen, DB, Chen, Y, Cid, R, Cline, DB, Cieślik, K, Cocco, AG, Corti, D, Dai, Z, de Vecchi, C, Dabrowska, A, di Cicco, A, Dolfini, R, Ereditato, A, Felcini, M, Ferella, A, Ferrari, A, Ferri, F, Fiorillo, G, Galli, S, Garcia Gamez, D, Ge, Y, Gibin, D, Gigli Berzolari, A, Gil-Botella, I, Graczyk, K, Grandi, L, Guglielmi, A, He, K, Holeczek, J, Huang, X, Juszczak, C, Kielczewska, D, Kisiel, J, Kozlowski, T, Kuna-Ciskal, H, Laffranchi, M, Lagoda, J, Li, Z, Lisowski, B, Lu, F, Ma, J, Mangano, G, Mannocchi, G, Markiewicz, M, Martinez de la Ossa, A, Matthey, C, Mauri, F, Mazza, D, Melgarejo, AJ, Menegolli, A, Meng, G, Messina, M, Mietelski, JW, Montanari, C, Muraro, S, Navas-Concha, S, Nicoletto, M, Nowak, J, Nurzia, G, Osuna, C, Otwinowski, S, Ouyang, Q, Palamara, O, Pascoli, D, Periale, L, Piano Mortari, G, Piazzoli, A, Picchi, P, Pietropaolo, F, Pólchlopek, W, Prata, M, Rancati, T, Rappoldi, A, Raselli, GL, Rico, J, Rondio, E, Rossella, M, Rubbia, A, Rubbia, C, Sala, P, Santorelli, R, Scannicchio, D, Segreto, E, Seo, Y, Sergiampietri, F, Sobczyk, J, Spinelli, N, Stepaniak, J, Sulej, R, Szeptycka, M, Szarska, M, Terrani, M, Trinchero, G, Velotta, R, Ventura, S, Vignoli, C, Wang, H, Wang, X, Woo, J, Xu, G, Xu, Z, Yang, X, Zalewska, A, Zalipska, J, Zhang, C, Zhang, Q, Zhen, S & Zipper, W 2004, 'Design, construction and tests of the ICARUS T600 detector', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 527, no. 3, pp. 329-410. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2004.02.044
Amerio, S. ; Amoruso, S. ; Antonello, M. ; Aprili, P. ; Armenante, M. ; Arneodo, Francesco ; Badertscher, A. ; Baiboussinov, B. ; Baldo Ceolin, M. ; Battistoni, G. ; Bekman, B. ; Benetti, P. ; Bernardini, E. ; Bischofberger, M. ; Borio di Tigliole, A. ; Brunetti, R. ; Bruzzese, R. ; Bueno, A. ; Calligarich, E. ; Campanelli, M. ; Carbonara, F. ; Carpanese, C. ; Cavalli, D. ; Cavanna, F. ; Cennini, P. ; Centro, S. ; Cesana, A. ; Chen, C. ; Chen, D. ; Chen, D. B. ; Chen, Y. ; Cid, R. ; Cline, D. B. ; Cieślik, K. ; Cocco, A. G. ; Corti, D. ; Dai, Z. ; de Vecchi, C. ; Dabrowska, A. ; di Cicco, A. ; Dolfini, R. ; Ereditato, A. ; Felcini, M. ; Ferella, A. ; Ferrari, A. ; Ferri, F. ; Fiorillo, G. ; Galli, S. ; Garcia Gamez, D. ; Ge, Y. ; Gibin, D. ; Gigli Berzolari, A. ; Gil-Botella, I. ; Graczyk, K. ; Grandi, L. ; Guglielmi, A. ; He, K. ; Holeczek, J. ; Huang, X. ; Juszczak, C. ; Kielczewska, D. ; Kisiel, J. ; Kozlowski, T. ; Kuna-Ciskal, H. ; Laffranchi, M. ; Lagoda, J. ; Li, Z. ; Lisowski, B. ; Lu, F. ; Ma, J. ; Mangano, G. ; Mannocchi, G. ; Markiewicz, M. ; Martinez de la Ossa, A. ; Matthey, C. ; Mauri, F. ; Mazza, D. ; Melgarejo, A. J. ; Menegolli, A. ; Meng, G. ; Messina, M. ; Mietelski, J. W. ; Montanari, C. ; Muraro, S. ; Navas-Concha, S. ; Nicoletto, M. ; Nowak, J. ; Nurzia, G. ; Osuna, C. ; Otwinowski, S. ; Ouyang, Q. ; Palamara, O. ; Pascoli, D. ; Periale, L. ; Piano Mortari, G. ; Piazzoli, A. ; Picchi, P. ; Pietropaolo, F. ; Pólchlopek, W. ; Prata, M. ; Rancati, T. ; Rappoldi, A. ; Raselli, G. L. ; Rico, J. ; Rondio, E. ; Rossella, M. ; Rubbia, A. ; Rubbia, C. ; Sala, P. ; Santorelli, R. ; Scannicchio, D. ; Segreto, E. ; Seo, Y. ; Sergiampietri, F. ; Sobczyk, J. ; Spinelli, N. ; Stepaniak, J. ; Sulej, R. ; Szeptycka, M. ; Szarska, M. ; Terrani, M. ; Trinchero, G. ; Velotta, R. ; Ventura, S. ; Vignoli, C. ; Wang, H. ; Wang, X. ; Woo, J. ; Xu, G. ; Xu, Z. ; Yang, X. ; Zalewska, A. ; Zalipska, J. ; Zhang, C. ; Zhang, Q. ; Zhen, S. ; Zipper, W. / Design, construction and tests of the ICARUS T600 detector. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 2004 ; Vol. 527, No. 3. pp. 329-410.
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abstract = "We have constructed and operated the ICARUS T600 liquid argon (LAr) time projection chamber (TPC). The ICARUS T600 detector is the largest LAr TPC ever built, with a size of about 500 tons of fully imaging mass. The design and assembly of the detector relied on industrial support and represents the applications of concepts matured in laboratory tests to the kton scale. The ICARUS T600 was commissioned for a technical run that lasted about 3 months. During this period all the detector features were extensively tested with an exposure to cosmic-rays at surface with a resulting data collection of about 30000 events. The detector was developed as the first element of a modular design. Thanks to the concept of modularity, it will be possible to realize a detector with several ktons active mass, to act as an observatory for astroparticle and neutrino physics at the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory and a second-generation nucleon decay experiment. In this paper a description of the ICARUS T600 is given, detailing its design specifications, assembly procedures and acceptance tests. Commissioning procedures and results of the technical run are also reported, as well as results from the off-line event reconstruction.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Design, construction and tests of the ICARUS T600 detector

AU - Amerio, S.

AU - Amoruso, S.

AU - Antonello, M.

AU - Aprili, P.

AU - Armenante, M.

AU - Arneodo, Francesco

AU - Badertscher, A.

AU - Baiboussinov, B.

AU - Baldo Ceolin, M.

AU - Battistoni, G.

AU - Bekman, B.

AU - Benetti, P.

AU - Bernardini, E.

AU - Bischofberger, M.

AU - Borio di Tigliole, A.

AU - Brunetti, R.

AU - Bruzzese, R.

AU - Bueno, A.

AU - Calligarich, E.

AU - Campanelli, M.

AU - Carbonara, F.

AU - Carpanese, C.

AU - Cavalli, D.

AU - Cavanna, F.

AU - Cennini, P.

AU - Centro, S.

AU - Cesana, A.

AU - Chen, C.

AU - Chen, D.

AU - Chen, D. B.

AU - Chen, Y.

AU - Cid, R.

AU - Cline, D. B.

AU - Cieślik, K.

AU - Cocco, A. G.

AU - Corti, D.

AU - Dai, Z.

AU - de Vecchi, C.

AU - Dabrowska, A.

AU - di Cicco, A.

AU - Dolfini, R.

AU - Ereditato, A.

AU - Felcini, M.

AU - Ferella, A.

AU - Ferrari, A.

AU - Ferri, F.

AU - Fiorillo, G.

AU - Galli, S.

AU - Garcia Gamez, D.

AU - Ge, Y.

AU - Gibin, D.

AU - Gigli Berzolari, A.

AU - Gil-Botella, I.

AU - Graczyk, K.

AU - Grandi, L.

AU - Guglielmi, A.

AU - He, K.

AU - Holeczek, J.

AU - Huang, X.

AU - Juszczak, C.

AU - Kielczewska, D.

AU - Kisiel, J.

AU - Kozlowski, T.

AU - Kuna-Ciskal, H.

AU - Laffranchi, M.

AU - Lagoda, J.

AU - Li, Z.

AU - Lisowski, B.

AU - Lu, F.

AU - Ma, J.

AU - Mangano, G.

AU - Mannocchi, G.

AU - Markiewicz, M.

AU - Martinez de la Ossa, A.

AU - Matthey, C.

AU - Mauri, F.

AU - Mazza, D.

AU - Melgarejo, A. J.

AU - Menegolli, A.

AU - Meng, G.

AU - Messina, M.

AU - Mietelski, J. W.

AU - Montanari, C.

AU - Muraro, S.

AU - Navas-Concha, S.

AU - Nicoletto, M.

AU - Nowak, J.

AU - Nurzia, G.

AU - Osuna, C.

AU - Otwinowski, S.

AU - Ouyang, Q.

AU - Palamara, O.

AU - Pascoli, D.

AU - Periale, L.

AU - Piano Mortari, G.

AU - Piazzoli, A.

AU - Picchi, P.

AU - Pietropaolo, F.

AU - Pólchlopek, W.

AU - Prata, M.

AU - Rancati, T.

AU - Rappoldi, A.

AU - Raselli, G. L.

AU - Rico, J.

AU - Rondio, E.

AU - Rossella, M.

AU - Rubbia, A.

AU - Rubbia, C.

AU - Sala, P.

AU - Santorelli, R.

AU - Scannicchio, D.

AU - Segreto, E.

AU - Seo, Y.

AU - Sergiampietri, F.

AU - Sobczyk, J.

AU - Spinelli, N.

AU - Stepaniak, J.

AU - Sulej, R.

AU - Szeptycka, M.

AU - Szarska, M.

AU - Terrani, M.

AU - Trinchero, G.

AU - Velotta, R.

AU - Ventura, S.

AU - Vignoli, C.

AU - Wang, H.

AU - Wang, X.

AU - Woo, J.

AU - Xu, G.

AU - Xu, Z.

AU - Yang, X.

AU - Zalewska, A.

AU - Zalipska, J.

AU - Zhang, C.

AU - Zhang, Q.

AU - Zhen, S.

AU - Zipper, W.

PY - 2004/7/21

Y1 - 2004/7/21

N2 - We have constructed and operated the ICARUS T600 liquid argon (LAr) time projection chamber (TPC). The ICARUS T600 detector is the largest LAr TPC ever built, with a size of about 500 tons of fully imaging mass. The design and assembly of the detector relied on industrial support and represents the applications of concepts matured in laboratory tests to the kton scale. The ICARUS T600 was commissioned for a technical run that lasted about 3 months. During this period all the detector features were extensively tested with an exposure to cosmic-rays at surface with a resulting data collection of about 30000 events. The detector was developed as the first element of a modular design. Thanks to the concept of modularity, it will be possible to realize a detector with several ktons active mass, to act as an observatory for astroparticle and neutrino physics at the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory and a second-generation nucleon decay experiment. In this paper a description of the ICARUS T600 is given, detailing its design specifications, assembly procedures and acceptance tests. Commissioning procedures and results of the technical run are also reported, as well as results from the off-line event reconstruction.

AB - We have constructed and operated the ICARUS T600 liquid argon (LAr) time projection chamber (TPC). The ICARUS T600 detector is the largest LAr TPC ever built, with a size of about 500 tons of fully imaging mass. The design and assembly of the detector relied on industrial support and represents the applications of concepts matured in laboratory tests to the kton scale. The ICARUS T600 was commissioned for a technical run that lasted about 3 months. During this period all the detector features were extensively tested with an exposure to cosmic-rays at surface with a resulting data collection of about 30000 events. The detector was developed as the first element of a modular design. Thanks to the concept of modularity, it will be possible to realize a detector with several ktons active mass, to act as an observatory for astroparticle and neutrino physics at the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory and a second-generation nucleon decay experiment. In this paper a description of the ICARUS T600 is given, detailing its design specifications, assembly procedures and acceptance tests. Commissioning procedures and results of the technical run are also reported, as well as results from the off-line event reconstruction.

KW - Calorimetry

KW - Liquid Argon

KW - Neutrino interaction

KW - Nucleon decay

KW - TPC

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UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=9544229179&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.nima.2004.02.044

DO - 10.1016/j.nima.2004.02.044

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:9544229179

VL - 527

SP - 329

EP - 410

JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

SN - 0168-9002

IS - 3

ER -