Desegregation stalled: The changing gender composition of college majors, 1971-2002

Paula England, Su Li

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Gender segregation in baccalaureate degree fields declined rapidly in the first half of the period from 1971 to 2002; at the same time, women's representation among baccalaureate degree recipients increased most rapidly relative to men's. The desegregation of the early period resulted mainly from women's increased entry into business-related fields and declining proportions of women majoring in traditional fields such as education and English. Men did not contribute to integration by moving toward fields numerically dominated by women. Fixed-effects regression models suggest that feminization of fields discourages later cohorts of men from entering them, as predicted by the devaluation perspective. The stalling of desegregation came from a combination of men's disinclination to enter fields that are "too" filled with women, and the slowdown in women making less traditional choices.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)657-677
    Number of pages21
    JournalGender and Society
    Volume20
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 2006

    Fingerprint

    segregation
    gender
    devaluation
    recipient
    Desegregation
    regression
    education

    Keywords

    • Education
    • Gender segregation
    • Higher education
    • Segregation
    • Sex segregation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Gender Studies

    Cite this

    Desegregation stalled : The changing gender composition of college majors, 1971-2002. / England, Paula; Li, Su.

    In: Gender and Society, Vol. 20, No. 5, 10.2006, p. 657-677.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    England, Paula ; Li, Su. / Desegregation stalled : The changing gender composition of college majors, 1971-2002. In: Gender and Society. 2006 ; Vol. 20, No. 5. pp. 657-677.
    @article{20457a9b2307401fa9d848acba9cb800,
    title = "Desegregation stalled: The changing gender composition of college majors, 1971-2002",
    abstract = "Gender segregation in baccalaureate degree fields declined rapidly in the first half of the period from 1971 to 2002; at the same time, women's representation among baccalaureate degree recipients increased most rapidly relative to men's. The desegregation of the early period resulted mainly from women's increased entry into business-related fields and declining proportions of women majoring in traditional fields such as education and English. Men did not contribute to integration by moving toward fields numerically dominated by women. Fixed-effects regression models suggest that feminization of fields discourages later cohorts of men from entering them, as predicted by the devaluation perspective. The stalling of desegregation came from a combination of men's disinclination to enter fields that are {"}too{"} filled with women, and the slowdown in women making less traditional choices.",
    keywords = "Education, Gender segregation, Higher education, Segregation, Sex segregation",
    author = "Paula England and Su Li",
    year = "2006",
    month = "10",
    doi = "10.1177/0891243206290753",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "20",
    pages = "657--677",
    journal = "Gender and Society",
    issn = "0891-2432",
    publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
    number = "5",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Desegregation stalled

    T2 - The changing gender composition of college majors, 1971-2002

    AU - England, Paula

    AU - Li, Su

    PY - 2006/10

    Y1 - 2006/10

    N2 - Gender segregation in baccalaureate degree fields declined rapidly in the first half of the period from 1971 to 2002; at the same time, women's representation among baccalaureate degree recipients increased most rapidly relative to men's. The desegregation of the early period resulted mainly from women's increased entry into business-related fields and declining proportions of women majoring in traditional fields such as education and English. Men did not contribute to integration by moving toward fields numerically dominated by women. Fixed-effects regression models suggest that feminization of fields discourages later cohorts of men from entering them, as predicted by the devaluation perspective. The stalling of desegregation came from a combination of men's disinclination to enter fields that are "too" filled with women, and the slowdown in women making less traditional choices.

    AB - Gender segregation in baccalaureate degree fields declined rapidly in the first half of the period from 1971 to 2002; at the same time, women's representation among baccalaureate degree recipients increased most rapidly relative to men's. The desegregation of the early period resulted mainly from women's increased entry into business-related fields and declining proportions of women majoring in traditional fields such as education and English. Men did not contribute to integration by moving toward fields numerically dominated by women. Fixed-effects regression models suggest that feminization of fields discourages later cohorts of men from entering them, as predicted by the devaluation perspective. The stalling of desegregation came from a combination of men's disinclination to enter fields that are "too" filled with women, and the slowdown in women making less traditional choices.

    KW - Education

    KW - Gender segregation

    KW - Higher education

    KW - Segregation

    KW - Sex segregation

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33747871464&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33747871464&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1177/0891243206290753

    DO - 10.1177/0891243206290753

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:33747871464

    VL - 20

    SP - 657

    EP - 677

    JO - Gender and Society

    JF - Gender and Society

    SN - 0891-2432

    IS - 5

    ER -