Dentofacial disharmony: Psychological status of patients seeking treatment consultation

Ceib Phillips, M. Elizabeth Bennett, Hillary L. Broder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A sample of 194 patients whose dentofacial disharmonies were severe enough to warrant an orthognathic surgical treatment option completed the SCL-90-R, a 90-item assessment tool used to measure current level of psychological distress. Two global and nine primary dimension scores of psychological distress were computed. The average interpersonal sensitivity, psychoticism, and obsessive-compulsive dimension scores were higher than the nonpsychiatric patient population norms for both males and females, but the confidence intervals for these dimensions were still in the upper end of the normal range of functioning (< 1 SD above the normative mean). No statistically significant differences by gender or age group were observed. Over 15% of the patients were clinically elevated on obsessive-compulsive behavior, interpersonal sensitivity problems, hostility, paranoid ideation, and psychoticism; and 24.7% qualified as a positive diagnosis for a psychiatric disorder. It appears that a surprisingly large number of individuals with dentofacial disharmonies who are seeking treatment consultation are experiencing a level of psychological distress that warrants intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)547-556
Number of pages10
JournalAngle Orthodontist
Volume68
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998

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Keywords

  • Orthognathic surgery
  • Psychological factors
  • Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

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