Dental development and age at death of a middle paleolithic juvenile hominin from Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, Uzbekistan

Tanya M. Smith, Donald J. Reid, Anthony J. Olejniczak, Shara Bailey, Mica Glantz, Bence Viola, Jean Jacques Hublin

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    Studies of dental development have reported conflicting results regarding whether Neanderthal growth and development was similar to that of modern humans. The discovery of a partial permanent maxillary juvenile dentition (OR-1) from the Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, Uzbekistan, provides the opportunity to assess dental development and age at death in a Paleolithic hominin with strong Neanderthal similarities using incremental dental features. Long-period lines on tooth crowns (perikymata) and roots (periradicular bands) were quantified, and crown formation, root development, and age at death were estimated. An anomalous upper molar was determined to be a left M2 with a rare developmental condition (gemination). Perikymata numbers for OR-1 were similar to modern southern African population means, but were less than modern northern European and Neanderthal means. Root extension rates were estimated to be similar to (or slightly higher than) modern human values, although few modern comparative data are available. Assuming the long-period line periodicity of this individual fell within a Neanderthal distribution (6–9 days), the maximum age at death of OR-1 is estimated at 8.1 years, but is more likely to have been 6.7–7.4 years (7 or 8 day periodicity). Modern European human developmental standards would suggest an age at death of approximately 8–9 years. These results are consistent with other studies suggesting that Neanderthal dental development overlaps with the low end of modern human populations, and demonstrates a greater range of variation in Middle Paleolithic hominins than previously reported. It is clear that perikymata number alone does not distinguish these taxa; data on long-period line periodicity and molar eruption would yield additional insight into Neanderthal life history.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationVertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology
    PublisherSpringer
    Pages155-163
    Number of pages9
    Edition9789400704916
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

    Publication series

    NameVertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology
    Number9789400704916
    ISSN (Print)1877-9077

    Fingerprint

    Neanderthal
    Uzbekistan
    Paleolithic
    teeth
    death
    periodicity
    dentition
    growth and development
    human population
    tooth
    life history
    volcanic eruption

    Keywords

    • Crown formation
    • Extension rate
    • Gemination
    • Incremental feature
    • Life history
    • Neanderthal
    • Perikymata
    • Periradicular band
    • Root formation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Palaeontology
    • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
    • Ecology

    Cite this

    Smith, T. M., Reid, D. J., Olejniczak, A. J., Bailey, S., Glantz, M., Viola, B., & Hublin, J. J. (2011). Dental development and age at death of a middle paleolithic juvenile hominin from Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, Uzbekistan. In Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology (9789400704916 ed., pp. 155-163). (Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology; No. 9789400704916). Springer . https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0492-3_13

    Dental development and age at death of a middle paleolithic juvenile hominin from Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, Uzbekistan. / Smith, Tanya M.; Reid, Donald J.; Olejniczak, Anthony J.; Bailey, Shara; Glantz, Mica; Viola, Bence; Hublin, Jean Jacques.

    Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology. 9789400704916. ed. Springer , 2011. p. 155-163 (Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology; No. 9789400704916).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Smith, TM, Reid, DJ, Olejniczak, AJ, Bailey, S, Glantz, M, Viola, B & Hublin, JJ 2011, Dental development and age at death of a middle paleolithic juvenile hominin from Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, Uzbekistan. in Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology. 9789400704916 edn, Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology, no. 9789400704916, Springer , pp. 155-163. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0492-3_13
    Smith TM, Reid DJ, Olejniczak AJ, Bailey S, Glantz M, Viola B et al. Dental development and age at death of a middle paleolithic juvenile hominin from Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, Uzbekistan. In Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology. 9789400704916 ed. Springer . 2011. p. 155-163. (Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology; 9789400704916). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0492-3_13
    Smith, Tanya M. ; Reid, Donald J. ; Olejniczak, Anthony J. ; Bailey, Shara ; Glantz, Mica ; Viola, Bence ; Hublin, Jean Jacques. / Dental development and age at death of a middle paleolithic juvenile hominin from Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, Uzbekistan. Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology. 9789400704916. ed. Springer , 2011. pp. 155-163 (Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology; 9789400704916).
    @inbook{5ec16ead1aa4440288e5f3a08cb0ebd0,
    title = "Dental development and age at death of a middle paleolithic juvenile hominin from Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, Uzbekistan",
    abstract = "Studies of dental development have reported conflicting results regarding whether Neanderthal growth and development was similar to that of modern humans. The discovery of a partial permanent maxillary juvenile dentition (OR-1) from the Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, Uzbekistan, provides the opportunity to assess dental development and age at death in a Paleolithic hominin with strong Neanderthal similarities using incremental dental features. Long-period lines on tooth crowns (perikymata) and roots (periradicular bands) were quantified, and crown formation, root development, and age at death were estimated. An anomalous upper molar was determined to be a left M2 with a rare developmental condition (gemination). Perikymata numbers for OR-1 were similar to modern southern African population means, but were less than modern northern European and Neanderthal means. Root extension rates were estimated to be similar to (or slightly higher than) modern human values, although few modern comparative data are available. Assuming the long-period line periodicity of this individual fell within a Neanderthal distribution (6–9 days), the maximum age at death of OR-1 is estimated at 8.1 years, but is more likely to have been 6.7–7.4 years (7 or 8 day periodicity). Modern European human developmental standards would suggest an age at death of approximately 8–9 years. These results are consistent with other studies suggesting that Neanderthal dental development overlaps with the low end of modern human populations, and demonstrates a greater range of variation in Middle Paleolithic hominins than previously reported. It is clear that perikymata number alone does not distinguish these taxa; data on long-period line periodicity and molar eruption would yield additional insight into Neanderthal life history.",
    keywords = "Crown formation, Extension rate, Gemination, Incremental feature, Life history, Neanderthal, Perikymata, Periradicular band, Root formation",
    author = "Smith, {Tanya M.} and Reid, {Donald J.} and Olejniczak, {Anthony J.} and Shara Bailey and Mica Glantz and Bence Viola and Hublin, {Jean Jacques}",
    year = "2011",
    month = "1",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1007/978-94-007-0492-3_13",
    language = "English (US)",
    series = "Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology",
    publisher = "Springer",
    number = "9789400704916",
    pages = "155--163",
    booktitle = "Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology",
    edition = "9789400704916",

    }

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - Dental development and age at death of a middle paleolithic juvenile hominin from Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, Uzbekistan

    AU - Smith, Tanya M.

    AU - Reid, Donald J.

    AU - Olejniczak, Anthony J.

    AU - Bailey, Shara

    AU - Glantz, Mica

    AU - Viola, Bence

    AU - Hublin, Jean Jacques

    PY - 2011/1/1

    Y1 - 2011/1/1

    N2 - Studies of dental development have reported conflicting results regarding whether Neanderthal growth and development was similar to that of modern humans. The discovery of a partial permanent maxillary juvenile dentition (OR-1) from the Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, Uzbekistan, provides the opportunity to assess dental development and age at death in a Paleolithic hominin with strong Neanderthal similarities using incremental dental features. Long-period lines on tooth crowns (perikymata) and roots (periradicular bands) were quantified, and crown formation, root development, and age at death were estimated. An anomalous upper molar was determined to be a left M2 with a rare developmental condition (gemination). Perikymata numbers for OR-1 were similar to modern southern African population means, but were less than modern northern European and Neanderthal means. Root extension rates were estimated to be similar to (or slightly higher than) modern human values, although few modern comparative data are available. Assuming the long-period line periodicity of this individual fell within a Neanderthal distribution (6–9 days), the maximum age at death of OR-1 is estimated at 8.1 years, but is more likely to have been 6.7–7.4 years (7 or 8 day periodicity). Modern European human developmental standards would suggest an age at death of approximately 8–9 years. These results are consistent with other studies suggesting that Neanderthal dental development overlaps with the low end of modern human populations, and demonstrates a greater range of variation in Middle Paleolithic hominins than previously reported. It is clear that perikymata number alone does not distinguish these taxa; data on long-period line periodicity and molar eruption would yield additional insight into Neanderthal life history.

    AB - Studies of dental development have reported conflicting results regarding whether Neanderthal growth and development was similar to that of modern humans. The discovery of a partial permanent maxillary juvenile dentition (OR-1) from the Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, Uzbekistan, provides the opportunity to assess dental development and age at death in a Paleolithic hominin with strong Neanderthal similarities using incremental dental features. Long-period lines on tooth crowns (perikymata) and roots (periradicular bands) were quantified, and crown formation, root development, and age at death were estimated. An anomalous upper molar was determined to be a left M2 with a rare developmental condition (gemination). Perikymata numbers for OR-1 were similar to modern southern African population means, but were less than modern northern European and Neanderthal means. Root extension rates were estimated to be similar to (or slightly higher than) modern human values, although few modern comparative data are available. Assuming the long-period line periodicity of this individual fell within a Neanderthal distribution (6–9 days), the maximum age at death of OR-1 is estimated at 8.1 years, but is more likely to have been 6.7–7.4 years (7 or 8 day periodicity). Modern European human developmental standards would suggest an age at death of approximately 8–9 years. These results are consistent with other studies suggesting that Neanderthal dental development overlaps with the low end of modern human populations, and demonstrates a greater range of variation in Middle Paleolithic hominins than previously reported. It is clear that perikymata number alone does not distinguish these taxa; data on long-period line periodicity and molar eruption would yield additional insight into Neanderthal life history.

    KW - Crown formation

    KW - Extension rate

    KW - Gemination

    KW - Incremental feature

    KW - Life history

    KW - Neanderthal

    KW - Perikymata

    KW - Periradicular band

    KW - Root formation

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84871537543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84871537543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1007/978-94-007-0492-3_13

    DO - 10.1007/978-94-007-0492-3_13

    M3 - Chapter

    AN - SCOPUS:84871537543

    T3 - Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology

    SP - 155

    EP - 163

    BT - Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology

    PB - Springer

    ER -