Dental caries in HIV-infected children versus household peers: Two-year findings

Nanci Tofsky, Evelyn M. Nelson, Rene N. Lopez, Frank A. Catalanotto, Daniel H. Fine, Ralph V. Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: This report will present a two-year comparison of the incidence and baseline prevalence of dental caries found in both the primary and permanent dentition among a cohort of HIV-infected children as compared to household peer control subjects who were not HIV-infected. Methods: The subjects in this report were from an initial cohort of 171 children (104 HIV positive and 67 HIV negative), who were participants in the Children s Hospital AIDS Program in Newark, New Jersey, from 1993-1995. This two year analysis reports the findings on the children who completed baseline through Year 02 examinations (N=121), aged 2-15 years old (68 HIV positive, 53 HIV negative). Results: While the DMFS incidence at Year 02 among the 6-11 year old control subjects was 17% higher than that of the HIV-infected cases (2.1 vs. 1.8, respectively) this same incidence was eight-fold higher for the control subjects among the 12-15 year olds (e.g., 8.1 vs. 1.0, respectively). The mean cumulative dmfs score to date for HIV-infected cases was higher than for the control subjects for both the 2-5 year olds and the 6-11 year olds, (11.0 vs. 7.0) and (10.0 vs. 4.0, P=.02), respectively. In all three age groups, HIV-infected cases had a greater number of primary teeth and fewer number of permanent teeth than the control subjects (P<.01). Conclusion: Given that HIV-infected cases had lower DMFS scores and higher dmfs scores than their household peer controls, the fewer mean number of permanent teeth among the HIV-infected cases suggests that this delayed tooth eruption pattern in permanent teeth contributed to the lower DMFS scores seen in the HIV-infected cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-214
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric Dentistry
Volume22
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2000

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Dental Caries
HIV
Tooth
Deciduous Tooth
Incidence
Tooth Eruption
Permanent Dentition
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Age Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Tofsky, N., Nelson, E. M., Lopez, R. N., Catalanotto, F. A., Fine, D. H., & Katz, R. V. (2000). Dental caries in HIV-infected children versus household peers: Two-year findings. Pediatric Dentistry, 22(3), 207-214.

Dental caries in HIV-infected children versus household peers : Two-year findings. / Tofsky, Nanci; Nelson, Evelyn M.; Lopez, Rene N.; Catalanotto, Frank A.; Fine, Daniel H.; Katz, Ralph V.

In: Pediatric Dentistry, Vol. 22, No. 3, 05.2000, p. 207-214.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tofsky, N, Nelson, EM, Lopez, RN, Catalanotto, FA, Fine, DH & Katz, RV 2000, 'Dental caries in HIV-infected children versus household peers: Two-year findings', Pediatric Dentistry, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 207-214.
Tofsky N, Nelson EM, Lopez RN, Catalanotto FA, Fine DH, Katz RV. Dental caries in HIV-infected children versus household peers: Two-year findings. Pediatric Dentistry. 2000 May;22(3):207-214.
Tofsky, Nanci ; Nelson, Evelyn M. ; Lopez, Rene N. ; Catalanotto, Frank A. ; Fine, Daniel H. ; Katz, Ralph V. / Dental caries in HIV-infected children versus household peers : Two-year findings. In: Pediatric Dentistry. 2000 ; Vol. 22, No. 3. pp. 207-214.
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