Denervation of serotonergic fibers in the hippocampus induced a trophic factor which enhances the maturation of transplanted serotonergic neurons but not norepinephrine neurons

F. C. Zhou, S. Auerbach, Efrain Azmitia

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Abstract

The trophic effects of specific denervation on the growth and survival of fetal serotonergic (5-HT) or norepinephrine (NE) neurons grafted into the hippocampus were assessed by means of two transplantation paradigms. In the first, fetal raphe cells (containing 5-HT neurons) were transplanted into the control hippocampus. In the second, the transplantation was performed 2 weeks after the specific removal of 5-HT afferents to the hippocampus with 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT). We found that a month after transplantation, the number of 5-HT immunoreactive neurons was not significantly different between the two experimental paradigms. However, transplanted raphe neurons had 400% more 5-HT synaptosomal high-affinity uptake and 380% higher content of 5-HT in the hippocampus with prior 5,7-DHT lesion than in control hippocampus. Furthermore, immunocytochemistry showed that the transplanted 5-HT neurons had denser processes and varicosities in the hippocampus with lesion than in control hippocampus. The somatic area of the neurons with these denser processes and varicosities was 42% larger than that of control group. A greater 5-HT level could be achieved if transplanted neurons in the control hippocampus were treated with the supernatant extracted from the hippocampus with 5,7-DHT lesion. In contrast, the NE level of the implanted fetal locus ceruleus (containing NE neurons) was not significantly higher in the 5-HT denervated hippocampus than in control hippocampus a month after transplantation. These results suggest that 5-HT denervation in the hippocampus induces a trophic substance which promotes the maturation rather than survival of 5-HT neurons but not NE neurons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-246
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume17
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1987

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Serotonergic Neurons
Denervation
Hippocampus
Norepinephrine
Serotonin
Neurons
5,7-Dihydroxytryptamine
Transplantation
Locus Coeruleus
Fetal Development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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title = "Denervation of serotonergic fibers in the hippocampus induced a trophic factor which enhances the maturation of transplanted serotonergic neurons but not norepinephrine neurons",
abstract = "The trophic effects of specific denervation on the growth and survival of fetal serotonergic (5-HT) or norepinephrine (NE) neurons grafted into the hippocampus were assessed by means of two transplantation paradigms. In the first, fetal raphe cells (containing 5-HT neurons) were transplanted into the control hippocampus. In the second, the transplantation was performed 2 weeks after the specific removal of 5-HT afferents to the hippocampus with 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT). We found that a month after transplantation, the number of 5-HT immunoreactive neurons was not significantly different between the two experimental paradigms. However, transplanted raphe neurons had 400{\%} more 5-HT synaptosomal high-affinity uptake and 380{\%} higher content of 5-HT in the hippocampus with prior 5,7-DHT lesion than in control hippocampus. Furthermore, immunocytochemistry showed that the transplanted 5-HT neurons had denser processes and varicosities in the hippocampus with lesion than in control hippocampus. The somatic area of the neurons with these denser processes and varicosities was 42{\%} larger than that of control group. A greater 5-HT level could be achieved if transplanted neurons in the control hippocampus were treated with the supernatant extracted from the hippocampus with 5,7-DHT lesion. In contrast, the NE level of the implanted fetal locus ceruleus (containing NE neurons) was not significantly higher in the 5-HT denervated hippocampus than in control hippocampus a month after transplantation. These results suggest that 5-HT denervation in the hippocampus induces a trophic substance which promotes the maturation rather than survival of 5-HT neurons but not NE neurons.",
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T1 - Denervation of serotonergic fibers in the hippocampus induced a trophic factor which enhances the maturation of transplanted serotonergic neurons but not norepinephrine neurons

AU - Zhou, F. C.

AU - Auerbach, S.

AU - Azmitia, Efrain

PY - 1987

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N2 - The trophic effects of specific denervation on the growth and survival of fetal serotonergic (5-HT) or norepinephrine (NE) neurons grafted into the hippocampus were assessed by means of two transplantation paradigms. In the first, fetal raphe cells (containing 5-HT neurons) were transplanted into the control hippocampus. In the second, the transplantation was performed 2 weeks after the specific removal of 5-HT afferents to the hippocampus with 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT). We found that a month after transplantation, the number of 5-HT immunoreactive neurons was not significantly different between the two experimental paradigms. However, transplanted raphe neurons had 400% more 5-HT synaptosomal high-affinity uptake and 380% higher content of 5-HT in the hippocampus with prior 5,7-DHT lesion than in control hippocampus. Furthermore, immunocytochemistry showed that the transplanted 5-HT neurons had denser processes and varicosities in the hippocampus with lesion than in control hippocampus. The somatic area of the neurons with these denser processes and varicosities was 42% larger than that of control group. A greater 5-HT level could be achieved if transplanted neurons in the control hippocampus were treated with the supernatant extracted from the hippocampus with 5,7-DHT lesion. In contrast, the NE level of the implanted fetal locus ceruleus (containing NE neurons) was not significantly higher in the 5-HT denervated hippocampus than in control hippocampus a month after transplantation. These results suggest that 5-HT denervation in the hippocampus induces a trophic substance which promotes the maturation rather than survival of 5-HT neurons but not NE neurons.

AB - The trophic effects of specific denervation on the growth and survival of fetal serotonergic (5-HT) or norepinephrine (NE) neurons grafted into the hippocampus were assessed by means of two transplantation paradigms. In the first, fetal raphe cells (containing 5-HT neurons) were transplanted into the control hippocampus. In the second, the transplantation was performed 2 weeks after the specific removal of 5-HT afferents to the hippocampus with 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT). We found that a month after transplantation, the number of 5-HT immunoreactive neurons was not significantly different between the two experimental paradigms. However, transplanted raphe neurons had 400% more 5-HT synaptosomal high-affinity uptake and 380% higher content of 5-HT in the hippocampus with prior 5,7-DHT lesion than in control hippocampus. Furthermore, immunocytochemistry showed that the transplanted 5-HT neurons had denser processes and varicosities in the hippocampus with lesion than in control hippocampus. The somatic area of the neurons with these denser processes and varicosities was 42% larger than that of control group. A greater 5-HT level could be achieved if transplanted neurons in the control hippocampus were treated with the supernatant extracted from the hippocampus with 5,7-DHT lesion. In contrast, the NE level of the implanted fetal locus ceruleus (containing NE neurons) was not significantly higher in the 5-HT denervated hippocampus than in control hippocampus a month after transplantation. These results suggest that 5-HT denervation in the hippocampus induces a trophic substance which promotes the maturation rather than survival of 5-HT neurons but not NE neurons.

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