Decoherence-free subspaces for multiple-qubit errors. I. Characterization

Daniel A. Lidar, Dave Bacon, Julia Kempe, K. B. Whaley

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Coherence in an open quantum system is degraded through its interaction with a bath. This decoherence can be avoided by restricting the dynamics of the system to special decoherence-free subspaces. These subspaces are usually constructed under the assumption of spatially symmetric system-bath coupling. Here we show that decoherence-free subspaces may appear without spatial symmetry. Instead, we consider a model of system-bath interactions in which to first order only multiple-qubit coupling to the bath is present, with single-qubit system-bath coupling absent. We derive necessary and sufficient conditions for the appearance of decoherence-free states in this model, and give a number of examples. In a sequel paper we show how to perform universal and fault tolerant quantum computation on the decoherence-free subspaces considered in this paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number022306
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2001


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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