Darryl, a cartoon-based measure of cardinal posttraumatic stress symptoms in school-age children

Richard Neugebauer, Jennie Kline, Gail A. Wasserman, Prudence W. Fisher, Laurie S. Miller, Pamela A. Geller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objectives. This report examines the reliability and validity of Darryl, a cartoon-based measure of the cardinal symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Methods. We measured exposure to community violence through the reports of children and their parents and then administered Darryl to a sample of 110 children age 7 to 9 residing in urban neighborhoods with high crime rates. Results. Darryl's reliability is excellent overall and is acceptable for the reexperiencing, avoidance, and arousal subscales, considered separately. Child reports of exposure to community violence were significantly associated with child reports of PTSD symptoms. Conclusions. Darryl possesses acceptable psychometric properties in a sample of children with frequent exposure to community violence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)758-761
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1999


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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