Danger ahead

the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015

GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Collaborators

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Objectives: The Eastern Mediterranean Region faces several health challenges at a difficult time with wars, unrest, and economic change. Methods: We used the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to present the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the Eastern Mediterranean Region from 1990 to 2015. Results: Ischemic heart disease was the leading cause of death in the region in 2015, followed by cerebrovascular disease. Changes in total deaths ranged from a reduction of 25% for diarrheal diseases to an increase of about 42% for diabetes and tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer. Collective violence and legal intervention increased by 850% during the time period. Diet was the leading risk factor for disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for men compared to maternal malnutrition for females. Childhood undernutrition was the leading risk factor for DALYs in 1990 and 2005, but the second in 2015 after high blood pressure. Conclusions: Our study shows that the region is facing several health challenges and calls for global efforts to stabilise the region and to address the current and future burden of disease.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)11-23
    Number of pages13
    JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
    Volume63
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 1 2018

    Fingerprint

    Mediterranean Region
    Quality-Adjusted Life Years
    Malnutrition
    Wounds and Injuries
    Cerebrovascular Disorders
    Health
    Bronchi
    Violence
    Myocardial Ischemia
    Cause of Death
    Lung Neoplasms
    Economics
    Mothers
    Diet
    Hypertension

    Keywords

    • Burden of disease
    • Disability-adjusted life years
    • Eastern Mediterranean Region
    • Injuries
    • Risk factors

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

    Cite this

    Danger ahead : the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015. / GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Collaborators.

    In: International Journal of Public Health, Vol. 63, 01.05.2018, p. 11-23.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    @article{d84ade473f1c4e34b9965bca6796cb68,
    title = "Danger ahead: the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015",
    abstract = "Objectives: The Eastern Mediterranean Region faces several health challenges at a difficult time with wars, unrest, and economic change. Methods: We used the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to present the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the Eastern Mediterranean Region from 1990 to 2015. Results: Ischemic heart disease was the leading cause of death in the region in 2015, followed by cerebrovascular disease. Changes in total deaths ranged from a reduction of 25{\%} for diarrheal diseases to an increase of about 42{\%} for diabetes and tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer. Collective violence and legal intervention increased by 850{\%} during the time period. Diet was the leading risk factor for disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for men compared to maternal malnutrition for females. Childhood undernutrition was the leading risk factor for DALYs in 1990 and 2005, but the second in 2015 after high blood pressure. Conclusions: Our study shows that the region is facing several health challenges and calls for global efforts to stabilise the region and to address the current and future burden of disease.",
    keywords = "Burden of disease, Disability-adjusted life years, Eastern Mediterranean Region, Injuries, Risk factors",
    author = "{GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Collaborators} and Bcheraoui, {Charbel El} and Raghid Charara and Ibrahim Khalil and Maziar Moradi-Lakeh and Ashkan Afshin and Michael Collison and Farah Daoud and Krohn, {Kristopher J.} and Adrienne Chew and Stan Biryukov and Daniel Casey and Kelly Cercy and Charlson, {Fiona J.} and Leslie Cornaby and Daniel Dicker and Erskine, {Holly E.} and Ferrari, {Alize J.} and Christina Fitzmaurice and Foreman, {Kyle J.} and Maya Fraser and Joseph Frostad and Godwin, {William W.} and Max Griswold and Kassebaum, {Nicholas J.} and Laura Kemmer and Michael Kutz and Kyu, {Hmwe H.} and Janni Leung and Patrick Liu and Joseph Mikesell and Grant Nguyen and Olsen, {Helen E.} and Robert Reiner and Marissa Reitsma and Gregory Roth and Damian Santomauro and Alison Smith and Stanaway, {Jeffrey D.} and Patrick Sur and Haidong Wang and Whiteford, {Harvey A.} and Rima Afifi and Kiadaliri, {Aliasghar Ahmad} and Alireza Ahmadi and Hamid Ahmadieh and Khurshid Alam and Noore Alam and Raghib Ali and Reza Alizadeh-Navaei and Rajaa Al-Raddadi",
    year = "2018",
    month = "5",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1007/s00038-017-1017-y",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "63",
    pages = "11--23",
    journal = "International Journal of Public Health",
    issn = "1661-8556",
    publisher = "Birkhauser Verlag Basel",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Danger ahead

    T2 - the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015

    AU - GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Collaborators

    AU - Bcheraoui, Charbel El

    AU - Charara, Raghid

    AU - Khalil, Ibrahim

    AU - Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar

    AU - Afshin, Ashkan

    AU - Collison, Michael

    AU - Daoud, Farah

    AU - Krohn, Kristopher J.

    AU - Chew, Adrienne

    AU - Biryukov, Stan

    AU - Casey, Daniel

    AU - Cercy, Kelly

    AU - Charlson, Fiona J.

    AU - Cornaby, Leslie

    AU - Dicker, Daniel

    AU - Erskine, Holly E.

    AU - Ferrari, Alize J.

    AU - Fitzmaurice, Christina

    AU - Foreman, Kyle J.

    AU - Fraser, Maya

    AU - Frostad, Joseph

    AU - Godwin, William W.

    AU - Griswold, Max

    AU - Kassebaum, Nicholas J.

    AU - Kemmer, Laura

    AU - Kutz, Michael

    AU - Kyu, Hmwe H.

    AU - Leung, Janni

    AU - Liu, Patrick

    AU - Mikesell, Joseph

    AU - Nguyen, Grant

    AU - Olsen, Helen E.

    AU - Reiner, Robert

    AU - Reitsma, Marissa

    AU - Roth, Gregory

    AU - Santomauro, Damian

    AU - Smith, Alison

    AU - Stanaway, Jeffrey D.

    AU - Sur, Patrick

    AU - Wang, Haidong

    AU - Whiteford, Harvey A.

    AU - Afifi, Rima

    AU - Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad

    AU - Ahmadi, Alireza

    AU - Ahmadieh, Hamid

    AU - Alam, Khurshid

    AU - Alam, Noore

    AU - Ali, Raghib

    AU - Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza

    AU - Al-Raddadi, Rajaa

    PY - 2018/5/1

    Y1 - 2018/5/1

    N2 - Objectives: The Eastern Mediterranean Region faces several health challenges at a difficult time with wars, unrest, and economic change. Methods: We used the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to present the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the Eastern Mediterranean Region from 1990 to 2015. Results: Ischemic heart disease was the leading cause of death in the region in 2015, followed by cerebrovascular disease. Changes in total deaths ranged from a reduction of 25% for diarrheal diseases to an increase of about 42% for diabetes and tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer. Collective violence and legal intervention increased by 850% during the time period. Diet was the leading risk factor for disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for men compared to maternal malnutrition for females. Childhood undernutrition was the leading risk factor for DALYs in 1990 and 2005, but the second in 2015 after high blood pressure. Conclusions: Our study shows that the region is facing several health challenges and calls for global efforts to stabilise the region and to address the current and future burden of disease.

    AB - Objectives: The Eastern Mediterranean Region faces several health challenges at a difficult time with wars, unrest, and economic change. Methods: We used the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to present the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the Eastern Mediterranean Region from 1990 to 2015. Results: Ischemic heart disease was the leading cause of death in the region in 2015, followed by cerebrovascular disease. Changes in total deaths ranged from a reduction of 25% for diarrheal diseases to an increase of about 42% for diabetes and tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer. Collective violence and legal intervention increased by 850% during the time period. Diet was the leading risk factor for disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for men compared to maternal malnutrition for females. Childhood undernutrition was the leading risk factor for DALYs in 1990 and 2005, but the second in 2015 after high blood pressure. Conclusions: Our study shows that the region is facing several health challenges and calls for global efforts to stabilise the region and to address the current and future burden of disease.

    KW - Burden of disease

    KW - Disability-adjusted life years

    KW - Eastern Mediterranean Region

    KW - Injuries

    KW - Risk factors

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85026817676&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85026817676&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1007/s00038-017-1017-y

    DO - 10.1007/s00038-017-1017-y

    M3 - Article

    VL - 63

    SP - 11

    EP - 23

    JO - International Journal of Public Health

    JF - International Journal of Public Health

    SN - 1661-8556

    ER -