Crack cocaine injection practices and HIV risk

Findings from New York and Bridgeport

Stephen E. Lankenau, Michael C. Clatts, Lloyd Goldsamt, Dorinda Welle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article examines the behavioral practices and health risks associated with preparing crack cocaine for injection. Using an ethno-epidemiological approach, injection drug users (n=38) were recruited between 1999 and 2000 from public settings in New York City and Bridgeport, Connecticut and responded to a semistructured interview focusing on crack injection initiation and their most recent crack injection. Study findings indicate that methods of preparing crack for injection were impacted by a transforming agent, heat applied to the "cooker," heroin use, age of the injector, and geographic location of the injector. The findings suggest that crack injectors use a variety of methods to prepare crack, which may carry different risks for the transmission of bloodborne pathogens. In particular, crack injection may be an important factor in the current HIV epidemic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-332
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Drug Issues
Volume34
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2004

Fingerprint

Crack Cocaine
HIV
Injections
health risk
heat
drug
interview
Blood-Borne Pathogens
Geographic Locations
Heroin
Drug Users
Hot Temperature
Interviews
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Crack cocaine injection practices and HIV risk : Findings from New York and Bridgeport. / Lankenau, Stephen E.; Clatts, Michael C.; Goldsamt, Lloyd; Welle, Dorinda.

In: Journal of Drug Issues, Vol. 34, No. 2, 03.2004, p. 319-332.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lankenau, Stephen E. ; Clatts, Michael C. ; Goldsamt, Lloyd ; Welle, Dorinda. / Crack cocaine injection practices and HIV risk : Findings from New York and Bridgeport. In: Journal of Drug Issues. 2004 ; Vol. 34, No. 2. pp. 319-332.
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