Cortical oscillations in auditory perception and speech: Evidence for two temporal windows in human auditory cortex

Huan Luo, David Poeppel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Natural sounds, including vocal communication sounds, contain critical information at mul- tiple time scales. Two essential temporal modulation rates in speech have been argued to be in the low gamma band (~20-80 ms duration information) and the theta band (~150-300 ms), corresponding to segmental and diphonic versus syllabic modulation rates, respectively. It has been hypothesized that auditory cortex implements temporal integration using time constants closely related to these values. The neural correlates of a proposed dual temporal window mechanism in human auditory cortex remain poorly understood. We recorded MEG responses from participants listening to non-speech auditory stimuli with different temporal structures, created by concatenating frequency-modulated segments of varied segment durations. We show that such non-speech stimuli with temporal structure matching speech-relevant scales (~25 and ~200 ms) elicit reliable phase tracking in the corresponding associated oscillatory frequencies (low gamma and theta bands). In con- trast, stimuli with non-matching temporal structure do not. Furthermore, the topography of theta band phase tracking shows rightward lateralization while gamma band phase tracking occurs bilaterally. The results support the hypothesis that there exists multi-time resolu- tion processing in cortex on discontinuous scales and provide evidence for an asymmetric organization of temporal analysis (asymmetrical sampling in time, AST). The data argue for a mesoscopic-level neural mechanism underlying multi-time resolution processing: the sliding and resetting of intrinsic temporal windows on privileged time scales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberArticle 170
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume3
Issue numberMAY
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Auditory Perception
Auditory Cortex

Keywords

  • Magnetoencephalography
  • MEG
  • Phase
  • Phase coherence
  • Timing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Cortical oscillations in auditory perception and speech : Evidence for two temporal windows in human auditory cortex. / Luo, Huan; Poeppel, David.

In: Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 3, No. MAY, Article 170, 2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{110b77dba90c4d8496cb5b4499a4e8c8,
title = "Cortical oscillations in auditory perception and speech: Evidence for two temporal windows in human auditory cortex",
abstract = "Natural sounds, including vocal communication sounds, contain critical information at mul- tiple time scales. Two essential temporal modulation rates in speech have been argued to be in the low gamma band (~20-80 ms duration information) and the theta band (~150-300 ms), corresponding to segmental and diphonic versus syllabic modulation rates, respectively. It has been hypothesized that auditory cortex implements temporal integration using time constants closely related to these values. The neural correlates of a proposed dual temporal window mechanism in human auditory cortex remain poorly understood. We recorded MEG responses from participants listening to non-speech auditory stimuli with different temporal structures, created by concatenating frequency-modulated segments of varied segment durations. We show that such non-speech stimuli with temporal structure matching speech-relevant scales (~25 and ~200 ms) elicit reliable phase tracking in the corresponding associated oscillatory frequencies (low gamma and theta bands). In con- trast, stimuli with non-matching temporal structure do not. Furthermore, the topography of theta band phase tracking shows rightward lateralization while gamma band phase tracking occurs bilaterally. The results support the hypothesis that there exists multi-time resolu- tion processing in cortex on discontinuous scales and provide evidence for an asymmetric organization of temporal analysis (asymmetrical sampling in time, AST). The data argue for a mesoscopic-level neural mechanism underlying multi-time resolution processing: the sliding and resetting of intrinsic temporal windows on privileged time scales.",
keywords = "Magnetoencephalography, MEG, Phase, Phase coherence, Timing",
author = "Huan Luo and David Poeppel",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00170",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "3",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychology",
issn = "1664-1078",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S. A.",
number = "MAY",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cortical oscillations in auditory perception and speech

T2 - Evidence for two temporal windows in human auditory cortex

AU - Luo, Huan

AU - Poeppel, David

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Natural sounds, including vocal communication sounds, contain critical information at mul- tiple time scales. Two essential temporal modulation rates in speech have been argued to be in the low gamma band (~20-80 ms duration information) and the theta band (~150-300 ms), corresponding to segmental and diphonic versus syllabic modulation rates, respectively. It has been hypothesized that auditory cortex implements temporal integration using time constants closely related to these values. The neural correlates of a proposed dual temporal window mechanism in human auditory cortex remain poorly understood. We recorded MEG responses from participants listening to non-speech auditory stimuli with different temporal structures, created by concatenating frequency-modulated segments of varied segment durations. We show that such non-speech stimuli with temporal structure matching speech-relevant scales (~25 and ~200 ms) elicit reliable phase tracking in the corresponding associated oscillatory frequencies (low gamma and theta bands). In con- trast, stimuli with non-matching temporal structure do not. Furthermore, the topography of theta band phase tracking shows rightward lateralization while gamma band phase tracking occurs bilaterally. The results support the hypothesis that there exists multi-time resolu- tion processing in cortex on discontinuous scales and provide evidence for an asymmetric organization of temporal analysis (asymmetrical sampling in time, AST). The data argue for a mesoscopic-level neural mechanism underlying multi-time resolution processing: the sliding and resetting of intrinsic temporal windows on privileged time scales.

AB - Natural sounds, including vocal communication sounds, contain critical information at mul- tiple time scales. Two essential temporal modulation rates in speech have been argued to be in the low gamma band (~20-80 ms duration information) and the theta band (~150-300 ms), corresponding to segmental and diphonic versus syllabic modulation rates, respectively. It has been hypothesized that auditory cortex implements temporal integration using time constants closely related to these values. The neural correlates of a proposed dual temporal window mechanism in human auditory cortex remain poorly understood. We recorded MEG responses from participants listening to non-speech auditory stimuli with different temporal structures, created by concatenating frequency-modulated segments of varied segment durations. We show that such non-speech stimuli with temporal structure matching speech-relevant scales (~25 and ~200 ms) elicit reliable phase tracking in the corresponding associated oscillatory frequencies (low gamma and theta bands). In con- trast, stimuli with non-matching temporal structure do not. Furthermore, the topography of theta band phase tracking shows rightward lateralization while gamma band phase tracking occurs bilaterally. The results support the hypothesis that there exists multi-time resolu- tion processing in cortex on discontinuous scales and provide evidence for an asymmetric organization of temporal analysis (asymmetrical sampling in time, AST). The data argue for a mesoscopic-level neural mechanism underlying multi-time resolution processing: the sliding and resetting of intrinsic temporal windows on privileged time scales.

KW - Magnetoencephalography

KW - MEG

KW - Phase

KW - Phase coherence

KW - Timing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84867072532&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84867072532&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00170

DO - 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00170

M3 - Article

C2 - 22666214

AN - SCOPUS:84867072532

VL - 3

JO - Frontiers in Psychology

JF - Frontiers in Psychology

SN - 1664-1078

IS - MAY

M1 - Article 170

ER -