Correlations between vibrational entropy and dynamics in liquids

Matthieu Wyart

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    An approximate relation between the vibrational entropy and the mean square displacement of the particles is derived. Using observations of the short-time dynamics in liquids of various fragility, it is argued that (i) if the crystal entropy is significantly smaller than the liquid entropy at Tg, the extrapolation of the vibrational entropy leads to the correlation TK T0, where TK is the Kauzmann temperature and T0 is the temperature extracted from the Vogel-Fulcher fit of the viscosity, and (ii) the jump in specific heat associated with vibrational entropy is very small for strong liquids, and increases with fragility. The analysis suggests that these correlations stem from the stiffening of the Boson peak under cooling, underlying the importance of this phenomenon on the dynamical arrest.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number095901
    JournalPhysical Review Letters
    Volume104
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Mar 1 2010

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    entropy
    liquids
    stiffening
    stems
    extrapolation
    bosons
    specific heat
    viscosity
    cooling
    temperature
    crystals

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy(all)

    Cite this

    Correlations between vibrational entropy and dynamics in liquids. / Wyart, Matthieu.

    In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 104, No. 9, 095901, 01.03.2010.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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