Correlates of HIV risk and preventive behaviors in Armenian female sex workers

Karine M. Markosyan, Talin Babikian, Ralph DiClemente, Jennifer S. Hirsch, Samvel Grigoryan, Carlos Del Rio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study describes HIV risk and preventive behaviors and their correlates among Armenian female commercial sex workers (CSWs) as a prerequisite to developing gender and culturally appropriate interventions. Ninety-eight CSWs from three Armenian cities were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Quantitative findings were further elaborated by focus group discussions (N = 25) and key informant interviews (N = 8). Inconsistent condom use with all types of sexual partners was reported, as were condom tear/slippage, alcohol and drug use, and sex with drug injecting clients. Prominent misconceptions regarding HIV transmission, prevention and disease manifestations were noted. Correlates of condom use intentions included history of substance use, attitudes regarding condom use, risk perception, and comfort negotiating condom use. Intentions to use condoms were strongly associated with recent frequency of condom use. Understanding the relationship between condom use and its determinants is critical in the design and implementation of effective prevention programs tailored for Armenian CSWs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)325-334
Number of pages10
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007

Fingerprint

Sex Workers
Condoms
Risk-Taking
HIV
Sexual Partners
Negotiating
Focus Groups
Tears
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Alcohols
Interviews

Keywords

  • Armenia
  • Behavioral interventions
  • Commercial sex workers
  • Condoms
  • HIV/AIDS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Markosyan, K. M., Babikian, T., DiClemente, R., Hirsch, J. S., Grigoryan, S., & Del Rio, C. (2007). Correlates of HIV risk and preventive behaviors in Armenian female sex workers. AIDS and Behavior, 11(2), 325-334. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-006-9147-x

Correlates of HIV risk and preventive behaviors in Armenian female sex workers. / Markosyan, Karine M.; Babikian, Talin; DiClemente, Ralph; Hirsch, Jennifer S.; Grigoryan, Samvel; Del Rio, Carlos.

In: AIDS and Behavior, Vol. 11, No. 2, 01.03.2007, p. 325-334.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Markosyan, KM, Babikian, T, DiClemente, R, Hirsch, JS, Grigoryan, S & Del Rio, C 2007, 'Correlates of HIV risk and preventive behaviors in Armenian female sex workers', AIDS and Behavior, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 325-334. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-006-9147-x
Markosyan, Karine M. ; Babikian, Talin ; DiClemente, Ralph ; Hirsch, Jennifer S. ; Grigoryan, Samvel ; Del Rio, Carlos. / Correlates of HIV risk and preventive behaviors in Armenian female sex workers. In: AIDS and Behavior. 2007 ; Vol. 11, No. 2. pp. 325-334.
@article{a0c691298eb2453c933766a329e4b09b,
title = "Correlates of HIV risk and preventive behaviors in Armenian female sex workers",
abstract = "This study describes HIV risk and preventive behaviors and their correlates among Armenian female commercial sex workers (CSWs) as a prerequisite to developing gender and culturally appropriate interventions. Ninety-eight CSWs from three Armenian cities were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Quantitative findings were further elaborated by focus group discussions (N = 25) and key informant interviews (N = 8). Inconsistent condom use with all types of sexual partners was reported, as were condom tear/slippage, alcohol and drug use, and sex with drug injecting clients. Prominent misconceptions regarding HIV transmission, prevention and disease manifestations were noted. Correlates of condom use intentions included history of substance use, attitudes regarding condom use, risk perception, and comfort negotiating condom use. Intentions to use condoms were strongly associated with recent frequency of condom use. Understanding the relationship between condom use and its determinants is critical in the design and implementation of effective prevention programs tailored for Armenian CSWs.",
keywords = "Armenia, Behavioral interventions, Commercial sex workers, Condoms, HIV/AIDS",
author = "Markosyan, {Karine M.} and Talin Babikian and Ralph DiClemente and Hirsch, {Jennifer S.} and Samvel Grigoryan and {Del Rio}, Carlos",
year = "2007",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10461-006-9147-x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "11",
pages = "325--334",
journal = "AIDS and Behavior",
issn = "1090-7165",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Correlates of HIV risk and preventive behaviors in Armenian female sex workers

AU - Markosyan, Karine M.

AU - Babikian, Talin

AU - DiClemente, Ralph

AU - Hirsch, Jennifer S.

AU - Grigoryan, Samvel

AU - Del Rio, Carlos

PY - 2007/3/1

Y1 - 2007/3/1

N2 - This study describes HIV risk and preventive behaviors and their correlates among Armenian female commercial sex workers (CSWs) as a prerequisite to developing gender and culturally appropriate interventions. Ninety-eight CSWs from three Armenian cities were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Quantitative findings were further elaborated by focus group discussions (N = 25) and key informant interviews (N = 8). Inconsistent condom use with all types of sexual partners was reported, as were condom tear/slippage, alcohol and drug use, and sex with drug injecting clients. Prominent misconceptions regarding HIV transmission, prevention and disease manifestations were noted. Correlates of condom use intentions included history of substance use, attitudes regarding condom use, risk perception, and comfort negotiating condom use. Intentions to use condoms were strongly associated with recent frequency of condom use. Understanding the relationship between condom use and its determinants is critical in the design and implementation of effective prevention programs tailored for Armenian CSWs.

AB - This study describes HIV risk and preventive behaviors and their correlates among Armenian female commercial sex workers (CSWs) as a prerequisite to developing gender and culturally appropriate interventions. Ninety-eight CSWs from three Armenian cities were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Quantitative findings were further elaborated by focus group discussions (N = 25) and key informant interviews (N = 8). Inconsistent condom use with all types of sexual partners was reported, as were condom tear/slippage, alcohol and drug use, and sex with drug injecting clients. Prominent misconceptions regarding HIV transmission, prevention and disease manifestations were noted. Correlates of condom use intentions included history of substance use, attitudes regarding condom use, risk perception, and comfort negotiating condom use. Intentions to use condoms were strongly associated with recent frequency of condom use. Understanding the relationship between condom use and its determinants is critical in the design and implementation of effective prevention programs tailored for Armenian CSWs.

KW - Armenia

KW - Behavioral interventions

KW - Commercial sex workers

KW - Condoms

KW - HIV/AIDS

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33847317906&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33847317906&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10461-006-9147-x

DO - 10.1007/s10461-006-9147-x

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 325

EP - 334

JO - AIDS and Behavior

JF - AIDS and Behavior

SN - 1090-7165

IS - 2

ER -