Conversation versus narration in pre-school children with language impairment

Christina Reuterskiold, U. Nettelbladt, B. Sahlén, C. Nilholm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The study focuses on two elicitation methods for language sampling in children with language impairment: conversion and narration. It has been noted in other studies on different clinical groups that language elicited in different speaking contexts varies in aspects such as MLU, fluency and syntactic complexity. The purpose of this study was to compare genre effects on different aspects of language production in a group of pre-school children with language impairment. The results show that there are differences in language production during conversation compared with narration. Intelligibility and fluency were found to be higher in conversation than in narration, whereas MLU in words was higher in narration. The narrative task elicited more phrasal expansions and grammatical morphemes per utterance than the conversation. However, the children used more complex verb forms in conversation than in narration. The results are discussed in relation to recent research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-93
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Language and Communication Disorders
Volume35
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Narration
Child Language
narration
preschool child
conversation
Language
Syntactics
language
Sampling
language group
speaking
genre
Language Impairment
Preschool children
narrative
Research
Group

Keywords

  • Genre effects
  • Grammatical structure
  • Language impairment
  • Language production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Communication

Cite this

Conversation versus narration in pre-school children with language impairment. / Reuterskiold, Christina; Nettelbladt, U.; Sahlén, B.; Nilholm, C.

In: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2000, p. 83-93.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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