Contribution of personal characteristics and interview training to the effectiveness of college student mental health workers

Judith A. Kramer, Julian Rappaport, Edward Seidman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Peer ratings made during a structured small group interaction (using the Group Assessment of Interpersonal Traits) were used to select participants from a pool of 103 female undergraduates who had volunteered for a human service practicum. Participants with the 32 highest and 30 lowest scores on behavioral measures of empathy, warmth, and openness (therapeutic talent) were randomly assigned to 3 training conditions: problem-solving interviewing, diagnostic interviewing, or no training. Each participant then served as an understanding listener in a problem-focused dyadic interview. Ratings made by interviewees and by 2 independent, objective raters were higher for those initially selected as having high therapeutic talent. Those noted as high in therapeutic talent also performed better as measured by objective behavioral ratings of the content of their interview statements. There were no systematic training effects. The implications of these results for the selection and training of nonprofessional mental health workers are discussed. (33 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)344-351
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Counseling Psychology
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1979

Fingerprint

Aptitude
Mental Health
Interviews
Students
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • empathy & warmth & openness & training in problem solving vs diagnostic interviewing, ratings of effectiveness, college student mental health workers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Contribution of personal characteristics and interview training to the effectiveness of college student mental health workers. / Kramer, Judith A.; Rappaport, Julian; Seidman, Edward.

In: Journal of Counseling Psychology, Vol. 26, No. 4, 01.01.1979, p. 344-351.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{223dfcc188d84628b4030d5f2859b788,
title = "Contribution of personal characteristics and interview training to the effectiveness of college student mental health workers",
abstract = "Peer ratings made during a structured small group interaction (using the Group Assessment of Interpersonal Traits) were used to select participants from a pool of 103 female undergraduates who had volunteered for a human service practicum. Participants with the 32 highest and 30 lowest scores on behavioral measures of empathy, warmth, and openness (therapeutic talent) were randomly assigned to 3 training conditions: problem-solving interviewing, diagnostic interviewing, or no training. Each participant then served as an understanding listener in a problem-focused dyadic interview. Ratings made by interviewees and by 2 independent, objective raters were higher for those initially selected as having high therapeutic talent. Those noted as high in therapeutic talent also performed better as measured by objective behavioral ratings of the content of their interview statements. There were no systematic training effects. The implications of these results for the selection and training of nonprofessional mental health workers are discussed. (33 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).",
keywords = "empathy & warmth & openness & training in problem solving vs diagnostic interviewing, ratings of effectiveness, college student mental health workers",
author = "Kramer, {Judith A.} and Julian Rappaport and Edward Seidman",
year = "1979",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/0022-0167.26.4.344",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "344--351",
journal = "Journal of Counseling Psychology",
issn = "0022-0167",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Contribution of personal characteristics and interview training to the effectiveness of college student mental health workers

AU - Kramer, Judith A.

AU - Rappaport, Julian

AU - Seidman, Edward

PY - 1979/1/1

Y1 - 1979/1/1

N2 - Peer ratings made during a structured small group interaction (using the Group Assessment of Interpersonal Traits) were used to select participants from a pool of 103 female undergraduates who had volunteered for a human service practicum. Participants with the 32 highest and 30 lowest scores on behavioral measures of empathy, warmth, and openness (therapeutic talent) were randomly assigned to 3 training conditions: problem-solving interviewing, diagnostic interviewing, or no training. Each participant then served as an understanding listener in a problem-focused dyadic interview. Ratings made by interviewees and by 2 independent, objective raters were higher for those initially selected as having high therapeutic talent. Those noted as high in therapeutic talent also performed better as measured by objective behavioral ratings of the content of their interview statements. There were no systematic training effects. The implications of these results for the selection and training of nonprofessional mental health workers are discussed. (33 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

AB - Peer ratings made during a structured small group interaction (using the Group Assessment of Interpersonal Traits) were used to select participants from a pool of 103 female undergraduates who had volunteered for a human service practicum. Participants with the 32 highest and 30 lowest scores on behavioral measures of empathy, warmth, and openness (therapeutic talent) were randomly assigned to 3 training conditions: problem-solving interviewing, diagnostic interviewing, or no training. Each participant then served as an understanding listener in a problem-focused dyadic interview. Ratings made by interviewees and by 2 independent, objective raters were higher for those initially selected as having high therapeutic talent. Those noted as high in therapeutic talent also performed better as measured by objective behavioral ratings of the content of their interview statements. There were no systematic training effects. The implications of these results for the selection and training of nonprofessional mental health workers are discussed. (33 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

KW - empathy & warmth & openness & training in problem solving vs diagnostic interviewing, ratings of effectiveness, college student mental health workers

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85047683522&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85047683522&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0022-0167.26.4.344

DO - 10.1037/0022-0167.26.4.344

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85047683522

VL - 26

SP - 344

EP - 351

JO - Journal of Counseling Psychology

JF - Journal of Counseling Psychology

SN - 0022-0167

IS - 4

ER -