Contrasting O/X-mode heater effects on O-mode sounding echo and the generation of magnetic pulsations

Spencer Kuo, Wei Te Cheng, Arnold Snyder, Paul Kossey, James Battis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effects on the ionosphere of powerful O-mode and X-mode HF pump waves, modulated 3 minutes on and 1 minute off, were explored. The experiments were monitored using the digisonde and magnetometer located at the HAARP facility. The results show that the virtual heights of the O-mode sounding echoes shifted down/up as the O/X mode heater was turned on; the ionosphere also moved downward/upward accordingly. Enhanced spread-F was also observed in O-mode heater-on periods. Heater-induced magnetic pulsation was observed. Its intensity increased progressively in the heater on/off sequence and X-mode heater was more effective than O-mode heater in the generation of magnetic pulsation. In the last X-mode heater-on period, when the magnetic pulsation reached the highest level, pc 3 pulsations, with increasing intensity were also observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL01101
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

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echo sounding
heaters
ionosphere
ionospheres
spread F
magnetometer
heater
effect
pump
magnetometers
pumps

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Geophysics

Cite this

Contrasting O/X-mode heater effects on O-mode sounding echo and the generation of magnetic pulsations. / Kuo, Spencer; Cheng, Wei Te; Snyder, Arnold; Kossey, Paul; Battis, James.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 37, No. 1, L01101, 01.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kuo, Spencer ; Cheng, Wei Te ; Snyder, Arnold ; Kossey, Paul ; Battis, James. / Contrasting O/X-mode heater effects on O-mode sounding echo and the generation of magnetic pulsations. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 2010 ; Vol. 37, No. 1.
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