Contrast dependence of colour and luminance motion mechanisms in human vision

Michael Hawken, Karl R. Gegenfurtner, Chao Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

CONVENTIONAL views of visual perception propose a colour-blind pathway conveying motion information and a motion-blind pathway carrying colour information. Recent studies show that motion perception is not always colour blind, is partially dependent on attention, can show considerable perceptual slowing around isoluminance and is contrast-dependent. If there is a single motion pathway, receiving luminance and chromatic input, then the dependence of relative perceived velocity on relative stimulus contrast should be the same for both luminance and chromatic targets. Here we provide a distinctive characterization of the motion mechanisms using a robust velocity-matching task. A relative contrast scale allows direct comparison of the performance with luminance and chromatic targets. The results show that the perceived speed of slowly moving coloured targets at isoluminance has a steep contrast dependence. The perceived speed of slowly moving luminance targets shows a much lower contrast dependence. At high speeds the contrast dependence is low for both luminance and isoluminant stimuli, although the behaviour is unlike either of the slow mechanisms. The results suggest two independent pathways that perceive slowly moving targets: one is luminance-sensitive and the other is colour-sensitive. Fast movement is signalled via a single motion pathway that is contrast-invariant and not colour blind.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)268-270
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume367
Issue number6460
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 1994

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Color
Motion Perception
Visual Perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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Contrast dependence of colour and luminance motion mechanisms in human vision. / Hawken, Michael; Gegenfurtner, Karl R.; Tang, Chao.

In: Nature, Vol. 367, No. 6460, 20.01.1994, p. 268-270.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hawken, Michael ; Gegenfurtner, Karl R. ; Tang, Chao. / Contrast dependence of colour and luminance motion mechanisms in human vision. In: Nature. 1994 ; Vol. 367, No. 6460. pp. 268-270.
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