Continuing improvement in type 2 diabetes care through performance-based evaluations

Howard B.A. Baum, Enrico Cagliero, Carolyn Berry, William A. Mencia, Stephanie A. Stowell, Sara C. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: The timely evidence-based care of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is imperative for achieving and maintaining glycemic control, reducing complications, and changing the paradigm of this epidemic. Based largely on results from earlier performance improvement (PI) activities, we conducted a continuing medical education (CME)-certified PI activity to foster improved adherence to guideline recommendations and current evidence for the care of patients with T2DM. Methods: Participants engaged in a 3-stage process of self-assessment, goal setting, and reassessment. Results: A total of 64 clinicians completed the entire PI process, abstracting data from 1600 patient charts before and after a period of self-improvement. After the intervention, clinicians were more likely to assess patients for disease-related complications and provide counseling on proper nutrition, exercise, and smoking cessation. Patients with A1C, blood pressure (BP), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) values above goal (defined as A1C ≥7, BP ≥130/80 mm Hg, and LDL-C >100 g/dL) were more likely to receive treatment modifications compared with baseline clinician performance. Significant changes observed in patient outcomes included improved mean A1C values (baseline 7.5% vs postintervention 7.3%; P =.027), decreased likelihood of BP at or above 130/80 mm Hg (baseline 37% vs postintervention 30%; P <.001), and decreased likelihood of LDL-C above 100 g/dL (baseline 33% vs postintervention, 27%; P <.001). Conclusions: Significant changes in clinician performance of key quality measures were reported in patients with T2DM after a PI CME activity improved adherence to evidence-based recommendations of care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-111
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Primary Care and Community Health
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
LDL Cholesterol
Continuing Medical Education
Blood Pressure
Guideline Adherence
Process Assessment (Health Care)
Smoking Cessation
Counseling
Patient Care
Exercise
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Patient health
  • Performance improvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Continuing improvement in type 2 diabetes care through performance-based evaluations. / Baum, Howard B.A.; Cagliero, Enrico; Berry, Carolyn; Mencia, William A.; Stowell, Stephanie A.; Miller, Sara C.

In: Journal of Primary Care and Community Health, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2014, p. 107-111.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Baum, Howard B.A. ; Cagliero, Enrico ; Berry, Carolyn ; Mencia, William A. ; Stowell, Stephanie A. ; Miller, Sara C. / Continuing improvement in type 2 diabetes care through performance-based evaluations. In: Journal of Primary Care and Community Health. 2014 ; Vol. 5, No. 2. pp. 107-111.
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