Constraining differential rotation of Sun-like stars from asteroseismic and starspot rotation periods

Martin Bo Nielsen, H. Schunker, Laurent Gizon, W. H. Ball

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    In previous work, we identified six Sun-like stars observed by Kepler with exceptionally clear asteroseismic signatures of rotation. Here, we show that five of these stars exhibit surface variability suitable for measuring rotation. We compare the rotation periods obtained from light-curve variability with those from asteroseismology in order to further constrain differential rotation. The two rotation measurement methods are found to agree within uncertainties, suggesting that radial differential rotation is weak, as is the case for the Sun. Furthermore, we find significant discrepancies between ages from asteroseismology and from three different gyrochronology relations, implying that stellar age estimation is problematic even for Sun-like stars.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article numberA10
    JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
    Volume582
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

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    starspots
    sun
    stars
    asteroseismology
    measurement method
    light curve
    signatures

    Keywords

    • Asteroseismology
    • Methods: data analysis
    • Stars: rotation
    • Stars: solar-type
    • Starspots

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

    Cite this

    Constraining differential rotation of Sun-like stars from asteroseismic and starspot rotation periods. / Nielsen, Martin Bo; Schunker, H.; Gizon, Laurent; Ball, W. H.

    In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 582, A10, 01.10.2015.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Nielsen, Martin Bo ; Schunker, H. ; Gizon, Laurent ; Ball, W. H. / Constraining differential rotation of Sun-like stars from asteroseismic and starspot rotation periods. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2015 ; Vol. 582.
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