Comparative mutational profiles of the environmental mammary carcinogen, 6-nitrochrysene and its metabolites in a lacI mammary epithelial cell line

Joseph Guttenplan, Zhong Lin Zhao, Wieslawa Kosinska, Robert G. Norman, Jacek Krzeminski, Yuan Wan Sun, Shantu Amin, Karam El-Bayoumy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The dietary and environmental agent, 6-nitrochrysene (6-NC) is a powerful mammary carcinogen and mutagen in rats. It is known to be metabolized by ring-oxidation, nitro-reduction and a combination of the two pathways. In order to determine the ultimate mutagenic metabolites, we have compared the previously determined mutational profile of 6-NC in rat mammary gland [T. Boyiri, et al. (2004) Carcinogenesis, 25, 637-643] with that of five of its known metabolites in the cII gene of lacI mammary epithelial cells in vitro. In vivo, 6-NC gives rise to three major mutations, AT > GC, AT > TA and GC > TA (in decreasing order) which comprise >70% of the mutations. The metabolite whose mutational profile was most similar to that of 6-NC in vivo was trans-1,2-dihydroxy-1,2-dihydro-N-hydroxy-6-aminochrysene (1,2-DHD-6-NHOH-C) which arises from both ring-oxidation and nitro-reduction. However, metabolites arising from either ring-oxidation or nitro-reduction alone exhibited some similarities to mutational profile of 6-NC. These results, taken in conjunction with previous data showing that the major DNA adducts in mammary tissue of rats treated with 6-NC are products of the reaction of 1,2-DHD-6-NHOH-C with guanine and adenine, make a strong case that 1,2-DHD-6- N HOH-C is the ultimate genotoxic metabolite from 6-NC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2391-2397
Number of pages7
JournalCarcinogenesis
Volume28
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2007

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Environmental Carcinogens
Breast
Epithelial Cells
Cell Line
Mutation
DNA Adducts
Mutagens
Guanine
Adenine
Human Mammary Glands
6-nitrochrysene
Carcinogens
Carcinogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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Comparative mutational profiles of the environmental mammary carcinogen, 6-nitrochrysene and its metabolites in a lacI mammary epithelial cell line. / Guttenplan, Joseph; Zhao, Zhong Lin; Kosinska, Wieslawa; Norman, Robert G.; Krzeminski, Jacek; Sun, Yuan Wan; Amin, Shantu; El-Bayoumy, Karam.

In: Carcinogenesis, Vol. 28, No. 11, 11.2007, p. 2391-2397.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Guttenplan, Joseph ; Zhao, Zhong Lin ; Kosinska, Wieslawa ; Norman, Robert G. ; Krzeminski, Jacek ; Sun, Yuan Wan ; Amin, Shantu ; El-Bayoumy, Karam. / Comparative mutational profiles of the environmental mammary carcinogen, 6-nitrochrysene and its metabolites in a lacI mammary epithelial cell line. In: Carcinogenesis. 2007 ; Vol. 28, No. 11. pp. 2391-2397.
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