Community attitudes toward HIV prevention for injection drug users

Findings from a cross-border project in southern China and northern Vietnam

Theodore M. Hammett, Giulia D. Norton, Ryan Kling, Wei Liu, Yi Chen, Doan Ngu, Kieu Thanh Binh, Ha Viet Dong, Don Des Jarlais

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Success of HIV prevention projects for injection drug users (IDUs) depends on the support of the communities in which they are implemented. This article presents data from cross-sectional community surveys of HIV knowledge and attitudes toward peer-based HIV prevention interventions for injection drug users in a border area of Lang Son Province, Vietnam and Ning Ming County, Guangxi Province, China. Analysis of these surveys at baseline and 18 months reveals generally high or improving levels of HIV knowledge and positive attitudes toward the interventions in both Vietnam and China. Levels of knowledge and positive attitudes tended to be higher in Vietnam than in China. Interviews with staff and peer educators suggest that the project's community education efforts have increased support for the interventions and contributed to their smooth implementation. However, the community surveys also reveal some continuing deficits in HIV knowledge and understanding of the interventions, including perceptions that provision of new needles/syringes will result in increased drug use. Additional education, including dissemination of countervailing project data, is necessary to address these deficits and further increase community support for the interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Urban Health
Volume82
Issue numberSUPPL. 4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005

Fingerprint

Vietnam
Drug Users
China
HIV
drug
Injections
community
level of knowledge
deficit
Education
Syringes
Nuclear Family
Needles
drug use
education
Cross-Sectional Studies
Interviews
educator
staff
interview

Keywords

  • Community attitudes
  • HIV prevention
  • IDUs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Community attitudes toward HIV prevention for injection drug users : Findings from a cross-border project in southern China and northern Vietnam. / Hammett, Theodore M.; Norton, Giulia D.; Kling, Ryan; Liu, Wei; Chen, Yi; Ngu, Doan; Binh, Kieu Thanh; Dong, Ha Viet; Des Jarlais, Don.

In: Journal of Urban Health, Vol. 82, No. SUPPL. 4, 01.09.2005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hammett, Theodore M. ; Norton, Giulia D. ; Kling, Ryan ; Liu, Wei ; Chen, Yi ; Ngu, Doan ; Binh, Kieu Thanh ; Dong, Ha Viet ; Des Jarlais, Don. / Community attitudes toward HIV prevention for injection drug users : Findings from a cross-border project in southern China and northern Vietnam. In: Journal of Urban Health. 2005 ; Vol. 82, No. SUPPL. 4.
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