Communicative Outcomes of Stereotype-Based Expectancies: An Observational Study of Cross-Cultural Dyads

Valerie Manusov, Radha Hegde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To investigate the behavioral manifestations of stereotype-based expectancies, American students (N = 46) talked with confederates from India. The tapes of the interactions were coded for communication behaviors that were likely to differentiate people who entered interactions with pre-existing, neutral conceptions of the Indian culture from those who began the interaction with little knowledge or beliefs about India. Evaluations of the confederate were also assessed. It was found that people with a specific schema judged the confederate to be more attractive, were more satisfied with the interaction, and differed in their use of language. Specifically, people with pre-existing stereotypes used less open feedback, fewer summaries, brought up more content areas, asked fewer questions in each area, and used more verbal strategies showing their own depth of knowledge and a U.S. bias. They were also more likely to ask about the confederate’s education and less likely to talk about Indian dress, marriage, and recreational activities. Nonverbal behaviors did not differentiate between the two groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)338-354
Number of pages17
JournalCommunication Quarterly
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1993

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dyad
Tapes
stereotype
Education
Students
Feedback
Communication
interaction
India
communication behavior
recreational activity
marriage
trend
language
evaluation
education
Group
student

Keywords

  • Cross-cultural
  • Dyads
  • Expectancies
  • India
  • Nonverbal behaviors
  • Verbal behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication

Cite this

Communicative Outcomes of Stereotype-Based Expectancies : An Observational Study of Cross-Cultural Dyads. / Manusov, Valerie; Hegde, Radha.

In: Communication Quarterly, Vol. 41, No. 3, 01.06.1993, p. 338-354.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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