Combined Non-invasive PIXE/PIGE Analyses of Mammoth Ivory from Aurignacian Archaeological Sites

Ina Reiche, Claire Heckel, Katharina Müller, Olaf Jöris, Tim Matthies, Nicholas J. Conard, Harald Floss, Randall White

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Among the earliest Homo sapiens societies in Eurasia, the Aurignacian phase of the Early Upper Paleolithic, approximately 40000-30000 years ago, mammoth ivory assumed great social and economic significance, and was used to create hundreds of personal ornaments as well as the earliest known works of three-dimensional figurative art in the world. This paper reports on the results of micro-PIXE/PIGE analyses of mammoth-ivory artifacts and debris from five major sites of Aurignacian ivory use. Patterns of variable fluorine content indicate regionally distinctive strategies of ivory procurement that correspond to apparent differences in human-mammoth interactions. Preserved trace elements (Br, Sr, Zn) indicate that differences at the regional level are applicable to sourcing Paleolithic ivory at the regional scale.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
    DOIs
    StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

    Fingerprint

    Fluorine
    Trace Elements
    Trace elements
    Debris
    Economics

    Keywords

    • Micro-PIXE/PIGE
    • Palaeolithic mammoth ivory
    • Site-specific markers
    • Subfossil ivory
    • Trace elements

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Catalysis
    • Chemistry(all)

    Cite this

    Reiche, I., Heckel, C., Müller, K., Jöris, O., Matthies, T., Conard, N. J., ... White, R. (Accepted/In press). Combined Non-invasive PIXE/PIGE Analyses of Mammoth Ivory from Aurignacian Archaeological Sites. Angewandte Chemie - International Edition. https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201712911

    Combined Non-invasive PIXE/PIGE Analyses of Mammoth Ivory from Aurignacian Archaeological Sites. / Reiche, Ina; Heckel, Claire; Müller, Katharina; Jöris, Olaf; Matthies, Tim; Conard, Nicholas J.; Floss, Harald; White, Randall.

    In: Angewandte Chemie - International Edition, 01.01.2018.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Reiche, Ina ; Heckel, Claire ; Müller, Katharina ; Jöris, Olaf ; Matthies, Tim ; Conard, Nicholas J. ; Floss, Harald ; White, Randall. / Combined Non-invasive PIXE/PIGE Analyses of Mammoth Ivory from Aurignacian Archaeological Sites. In: Angewandte Chemie - International Edition. 2018.
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