Combined humic substance coagulation and membrane filtration under saline conditions

Nidal Hilal, Mohammed Al-Abri, Hilal Al-Hinai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effects of poly diallydimethylammonium chloride (PDADMAC) and copolymer of dimethyl aminoethyl acrylate (CoAA) coagulants on membrane performance are investigated under different conditions using ultrafiltration (UF) and nanofiltration (NF) membranes. It is evident that PDADMAC performance is better than CoAA in removing humic substances (HS) with both membranes, P005F and NF270, having equal fouling potential. Salinity results showed reduction in HS retention and increase in fouling with increasing salinity from 10,000 to 25,000 ppm NaCl using P005F UF membrane. No further reduction in retention or increase in fouling was experienced when salinity was increased to 35,000 ppm NaCl, while NF270 NF membrane experienced reduced retention and increased fouling throughout the studied salinity range. Finally, TMP did neither affect HS retention nor NF270 fouling, but increased P005F fouling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)194-200
Number of pages7
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Volume1
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009

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Keywords

  • Humic substances
  • Membranes
  • Polyelectrolytes
  • Seawater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Pollution

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