Colonization and education

Exploring the legacy of local elites in Korea

Ji Yeon Hong, Christopher Paik

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    In this article we examine the impact of pre-colonial educated elites and colonization on modernization. Using the case of Joseon, as Korea was known before being colonized by Japan in 1910, we investigate how the civil exam system and scholarly traditions, as well as the provision of public schools under Japanese colonial rule, influenced levels of literacy in the colony. We introduce novel data from Joseon's historical court examination archives, colonial education records, and censuses dating back to 1930. Our findings suggest that the spread of Korean literacy during the early colonial period was strongly correlated with the historical presence of civil exam passers from the Joseon Dynasty. Regions with a greater presence of educated elites later had higher numbers of Korean teachers, as well as more private schools established as alternatives to the colonial public schools.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    JournalEconomic History Review
    DOIs
    StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2017

    Fingerprint

    Colonization
    Joseon
    Local Elites
    Education
    Korea
    Literacy
    Elites
    Public schools
    Public Schools
    Colonies
    Private schools
    Census
    Japan
    Modernization
    Colonial Rule
    Dynasty
    Colonial Education
    Colonial Period

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • History
    • Economics and Econometrics

    Cite this

    Colonization and education : Exploring the legacy of local elites in Korea. / Hong, Ji Yeon; Paik, Christopher.

    In: Economic History Review, 01.01.2017.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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