Colloidal electroconvection in a thin horizontal cell. II. Bulk electroconvection of water during parallel-plate electrolysis

Yilong Han, David G. Grier

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We recently have reported [J. Chem. Phys. 122, 164701 (2005)] a family of electroconvective patterns that arise when charge-stabilized colloidal dispersions are driven by constant (dc) vertical electric fields. Competition between gravity and electrokinetic forces acting on the individual spheres in this system leads to the formation of highly organized convective instabilities involving hundreds of spheres. Here, we report a distinct class of electroconvective patterns that emerge in confined aqueous dispersions at higher biases. These qualitatively resemble the honeycomb and labyrinthine patterns formed during thermally driven Rayleigh-B́nard convection, but arise from a distinct mechanism. Unlike the localized colloidal electroconvective patterns observed at lower biases, moreover, these system-spanning patterns form even without dispersed colloidal particles. Rather, they appear to result from an underlying electroconvective instability during electrolysis in the parallel plate geometry. This contrasts with recent theoretical results suggesting that simple electrolytes are linearly stable against electroconvection.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number144707
    JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
    Volume125
    Issue number14
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2006

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    electrolysis
    parallel plates
    Dispersions
    Electrolysis
    Water
    cells
    water
    Electrolytes
    Gravitation
    Electric fields
    Geometry
    electrokinetics
    convection
    electrolytes
    gravitation
    electric fields
    geometry
    Convection

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

    Cite this

    Colloidal electroconvection in a thin horizontal cell. II. Bulk electroconvection of water during parallel-plate electrolysis. / Han, Yilong; Grier, David G.

    In: Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 125, No. 14, 144707, 2006.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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