Collective Behavior

Robert L. Goldstone, Todd Gureckis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The resurgence of interest in collective behavior is in large part due to tools recently made available for conducting laboratory experiments on groups, statistical methods for analyzing large data sets reflecting social interactions, the rapid growth of a diverse variety of online self-organized collectives, and computational modeling methods for understanding both universal and scenario-specific social patterns. We consider case studies of collective behavior along four attributes: the primary motivation of individuals within the group, kinds of interactions among individuals, typical dynamics that result from these interactions, and characteristic outcomes at the group level. With this framework, we compare the collective patterns of noninteracting decision makers, bee swarms, groups forming paths in physical and abstract spaces, sports teams, cooperation and competition for resource usage, and the spread and extension of innovations in an online community. Some critical issues surrounding collective behavior are then reviewed, including the questions of "Does group behavior always reduce to individual behavior?""Is 'group cognition' possible?" and "What is the value of formal modeling for understanding group behavior?"

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)412-438
Number of pages27
JournalTopics in Cognitive Science
Volume1
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2009

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Sports
collective behavior
Statistical methods
Innovation
Group
Experiments
interaction
Bees
team sports
Interpersonal Relations
internet community
Cognition
laboratory experiment
statistical method
Motivation
decision maker
cognition
scenario
innovation
Growth

Keywords

  • Collective behavior
  • Computational models
  • Group psychology
  • Innovation diffusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Collective Behavior. / Goldstone, Robert L.; Gureckis, Todd.

In: Topics in Cognitive Science, Vol. 1, No. 3, 07.2009, p. 412-438.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Goldstone, RL & Gureckis, T 2009, 'Collective Behavior', Topics in Cognitive Science, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 412-438. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-8765.2009.01038.x
Goldstone, Robert L. ; Gureckis, Todd. / Collective Behavior. In: Topics in Cognitive Science. 2009 ; Vol. 1, No. 3. pp. 412-438.
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