Cognitive function and oral health-related quality of life in older adults

Kyung Hee Lee, Bei Wu, Brenda L. Plassman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives To examine the relationship between cognitive function and self-reported oral health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in community-dwelling older adults. Design Cross-sectional. Setting Community in West Virginia. Participants Two hundred twenty-six community-dwelling older adults. Measurements Oral HRQoL was measured using the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) (range 12-60), and cognitive function was assessed using a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery. Dental professionals performed oral health examinations. Results Participants with normal cognitive function had higher GOHAI total scores (mean 55.1), indicating better oral HRQoL, than participants with cognitive impairment without dementia (CIND) (mean 52.3) and mild dementia (mean 51.0). The difference remained significant after controlling for sociodemographic, health status, comorbidity, and clinical dental status covariates. Conclusion Oral HRQoL, as measured using the GOHAI, was better in participants with normal cognitive function than in those with CIND of mild dementia in the population studied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1602-1607
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume61
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013

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Oral Health
Cognition
Quality of Life
Dementia
Geriatrics
Independent Living
Tooth
Oral Diagnosis
Neuropsychological Tests
Health Status
Comorbidity
Population

Keywords

  • cognition
  • oral health
  • quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Cognitive function and oral health-related quality of life in older adults. / Lee, Kyung Hee; Wu, Bei; Plassman, Brenda L.

In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 61, No. 9, 09.2013, p. 1602-1607.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Kyung Hee ; Wu, Bei ; Plassman, Brenda L. / Cognitive function and oral health-related quality of life in older adults. In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2013 ; Vol. 61, No. 9. pp. 1602-1607.
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