CMS changes in reimbursement for hais: Setting a research agenda

Patricia W. Stone, Sharon Glied, Peter D. McNair, Nikolas Matthes, Bevin Cohen, Timothy F. Landers, Elaine L. Larson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) promulgated regulations commencing October 1, 2008, which deny payment for selected conditions occurring during the hospital stay and are not present on admission. Three of the 10 hospital-acquired conditions covered by the new CMS policy involve healthcare-associated infections, which are a common, expensive, and often preventable cause of inpatient morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To outline a research agenda on the impact of CMS's payment policy on the healthcare system and the prevention of healthcare-associated infections. METHODS: An invitational daylong conference was convened in April 2009. Including the planning committee and speakers there were 41 conference participants who were national experts and senior researchers. RESULTS: Building upon a behavioral model and organizational theory and management research a conceptual framework was applied to organize the wide range of issues that arose. A broad array of research topics was identified. Thirty-two research agenda items were organized in the areas of incentives, environmental factors, organizational factors, clinical outcomes, staff outcomes, and financial outcomes. Methodological challenges are also discussed. CONCLUSIONS: This policy is a first significant step to move output-based inpatient funding to outcome-based funding, and this agenda is applicable to all hospital-acquired conditions. Studies beginning soon will have the best hope of capturing data for the years preceding the policy change, a key element in nonexperimental research. The CMS payment policy offers an excellent opportunity to understand and influence the use of financial incentives for improving patient safety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-439
Number of pages7
JournalMedical Care
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010

Fingerprint

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (U.S.)
Iatrogenic Disease
Research
Cross Infection
Motivation
Inpatients
Hope
Organizational Models
Patient Safety
Length of Stay
Research Personnel
Morbidity
Delivery of Health Care
Mortality

Keywords

  • Health policy
  • Healthcare-associated infections
  • Pay-for-performance
  • Quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Stone, P. W., Glied, S., McNair, P. D., Matthes, N., Cohen, B., Landers, T. F., & Larson, E. L. (2010). CMS changes in reimbursement for hais: Setting a research agenda. Medical Care, 48(5), 433-439. https://doi.org/10.1097/MLR.0b013e3181d5fb3f

CMS changes in reimbursement for hais : Setting a research agenda. / Stone, Patricia W.; Glied, Sharon; McNair, Peter D.; Matthes, Nikolas; Cohen, Bevin; Landers, Timothy F.; Larson, Elaine L.

In: Medical Care, Vol. 48, No. 5, 05.2010, p. 433-439.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stone, PW, Glied, S, McNair, PD, Matthes, N, Cohen, B, Landers, TF & Larson, EL 2010, 'CMS changes in reimbursement for hais: Setting a research agenda', Medical Care, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 433-439. https://doi.org/10.1097/MLR.0b013e3181d5fb3f
Stone PW, Glied S, McNair PD, Matthes N, Cohen B, Landers TF et al. CMS changes in reimbursement for hais: Setting a research agenda. Medical Care. 2010 May;48(5):433-439. https://doi.org/10.1097/MLR.0b013e3181d5fb3f
Stone, Patricia W. ; Glied, Sharon ; McNair, Peter D. ; Matthes, Nikolas ; Cohen, Bevin ; Landers, Timothy F. ; Larson, Elaine L. / CMS changes in reimbursement for hais : Setting a research agenda. In: Medical Care. 2010 ; Vol. 48, No. 5. pp. 433-439.
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