A recent paper by Pendry et al (2006 Science 312 1780-2) used the coordinate invariance of Maxwell's equations to show how a region of space can be 'cloaked' - in other words, made inaccessible to electromagnetic sensing - by surrounding it with a suitable (anisotropic and heterogenous) dielectric shield. Essentially the same observation was made several years earlier by Greenleaf et al (2003 Math. Res. Lett. 10 685-93, 2003 Physiol. Meas. 24 413-9) in the closely related setting of electric impedance tomography. These papers, though brilliant, have two shortcomings: (a) the cloaks they consider are rather singular; and (b) the analysis by Greenleaf, Lassas and Uhlmann does not apply in space dimension n = 2. The present paper provides a fresh treatment that remedies these shortcomings in the context of electric impedance tomography. In particular, we show how a regular near-cloak can be obtained using a nonsingular change of variables, and we prove that the change-of-variable-based scheme achieves perfect cloaking in any dimension n ≥ 2.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Mathematics
- Mathematical Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics