Classification and correlates of eating disorders among blacks: Findings from the national survey of American life

Jacquelyn Taylor, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell, Raymond E. Baser, Niki Matusko, Nakesha Faison, James S. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective. To assess classification adjustments and examine correlates of eating disorders among Blacks. Methods. The National Survey of American Life (NSAL) was conducted from 2001-2003 and consisted of adults (n=55,191) and adolescents (n51,170). The World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WMH-CIDIWorld Health Organization 2004-modified) and DSM-IV-TR eating disorder criteria were used. Results. Sixty-six percent of African American and 59% Caribbean Black adults were overweight or obese, while 30% and 29% of adolescents were overweight or obese. Although lifetime rates of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa were low, binge eating disorder was high for both ethnic groups among adults and adolescents. Eliminating certain classification criteria resulted in higher rates of eating disorders for all groups. Conclusion. Culturally sensitive criteria should be incorporated into future versions of Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM) classifications for eating disorders that consider within-group ethnic variations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-310
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2013

Fingerprint

Ethnic Groups
Binge-Eating Disorder
Social Adjustment
Bulimia Nervosa
Anorexia Nervosa
African Americans
Mental Health
Organizations
Interviews
Feeding and Eating Disorders
Surveys and Questionnaires
Health
Global Health

Keywords

  • Blacks
  • Classification
  • Correlates
  • Eating disorders
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Classification and correlates of eating disorders among blacks : Findings from the national survey of American life. / Taylor, Jacquelyn; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Baser, Raymond E.; Matusko, Niki; Faison, Nakesha; Jackson, James S.

In: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, Vol. 24, No. 1, 01.02.2013, p. 289-310.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Taylor, Jacquelyn ; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard ; Baser, Raymond E. ; Matusko, Niki ; Faison, Nakesha ; Jackson, James S. / Classification and correlates of eating disorders among blacks : Findings from the national survey of American life. In: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 2013 ; Vol. 24, No. 1. pp. 289-310.
@article{46e301dc010247518517f301614cec90,
title = "Classification and correlates of eating disorders among blacks: Findings from the national survey of American life",
abstract = "Objective. To assess classification adjustments and examine correlates of eating disorders among Blacks. Methods. The National Survey of American Life (NSAL) was conducted from 2001-2003 and consisted of adults (n=55,191) and adolescents (n51,170). The World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WMH-CIDIWorld Health Organization 2004-modified) and DSM-IV-TR eating disorder criteria were used. Results. Sixty-six percent of African American and 59{\%} Caribbean Black adults were overweight or obese, while 30{\%} and 29{\%} of adolescents were overweight or obese. Although lifetime rates of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa were low, binge eating disorder was high for both ethnic groups among adults and adolescents. Eliminating certain classification criteria resulted in higher rates of eating disorders for all groups. Conclusion. Culturally sensitive criteria should be incorporated into future versions of Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM) classifications for eating disorders that consider within-group ethnic variations.",
keywords = "Blacks, Classification, Correlates, Eating disorders, Obesity",
author = "Jacquelyn Taylor and Caldwell, {Cleopatra Howard} and Baser, {Raymond E.} and Niki Matusko and Nakesha Faison and Jackson, {James S.}",
year = "2013",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1353/hpu.2013.0027",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "24",
pages = "289--310",
journal = "Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved",
issn = "1049-2089",
publisher = "Johns Hopkins University Press",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Classification and correlates of eating disorders among blacks

T2 - Findings from the national survey of American life

AU - Taylor, Jacquelyn

AU - Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard

AU - Baser, Raymond E.

AU - Matusko, Niki

AU - Faison, Nakesha

AU - Jackson, James S.

PY - 2013/2/1

Y1 - 2013/2/1

N2 - Objective. To assess classification adjustments and examine correlates of eating disorders among Blacks. Methods. The National Survey of American Life (NSAL) was conducted from 2001-2003 and consisted of adults (n=55,191) and adolescents (n51,170). The World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WMH-CIDIWorld Health Organization 2004-modified) and DSM-IV-TR eating disorder criteria were used. Results. Sixty-six percent of African American and 59% Caribbean Black adults were overweight or obese, while 30% and 29% of adolescents were overweight or obese. Although lifetime rates of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa were low, binge eating disorder was high for both ethnic groups among adults and adolescents. Eliminating certain classification criteria resulted in higher rates of eating disorders for all groups. Conclusion. Culturally sensitive criteria should be incorporated into future versions of Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM) classifications for eating disorders that consider within-group ethnic variations.

AB - Objective. To assess classification adjustments and examine correlates of eating disorders among Blacks. Methods. The National Survey of American Life (NSAL) was conducted from 2001-2003 and consisted of adults (n=55,191) and adolescents (n51,170). The World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WMH-CIDIWorld Health Organization 2004-modified) and DSM-IV-TR eating disorder criteria were used. Results. Sixty-six percent of African American and 59% Caribbean Black adults were overweight or obese, while 30% and 29% of adolescents were overweight or obese. Although lifetime rates of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa were low, binge eating disorder was high for both ethnic groups among adults and adolescents. Eliminating certain classification criteria resulted in higher rates of eating disorders for all groups. Conclusion. Culturally sensitive criteria should be incorporated into future versions of Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM) classifications for eating disorders that consider within-group ethnic variations.

KW - Blacks

KW - Classification

KW - Correlates

KW - Eating disorders

KW - Obesity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84873423206&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84873423206&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1353/hpu.2013.0027

DO - 10.1353/hpu.2013.0027

M3 - Article

C2 - 23377735

AN - SCOPUS:84873423206

VL - 24

SP - 289

EP - 310

JO - Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved

JF - Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved

SN - 1049-2089

IS - 1

ER -