Classical conditioning in Aplysia californica

E. T. Walters, T. J. Carew, E. R. Kandel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A form of aversive classical conditioning is described in which a chemosensory conditioned stimulus rapidly acquires the ability to modulate a defensive response (escape locomotion). Because Aplysia show both sensitization and classical conditioning, it is now possible to begin to examine the relationship between nonassociative and associative learning on behavioral and cellular levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6675-6679
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jan 1 1979

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