Civil war exposure and violence

Edward Miguel, Sebastián M. Saiegh, Shanker Satyanath

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    In recent years scholars have begun to focus on the consequences of individuals' exposure to civil war, including its severe health and psychological consequences. Our innovation is to move beyond the survey methodology that is widespread in this literature to analyze the actual behavior of individuals with varying degrees of exposure to civil war in a common institutional setting. We exploit the presence of thousands of international soccer (football) players with different exposures to civil conflict in the European professional leagues, and find a strong relationship between the extent of civil conflict in a player's home country and his propensity to behave violently on the soccer field, as measured by yellow and red cards. This link is robust to region fixed effects, country characteristics (e.g. rule of law, per capita income), player characteristics (e.g. age, field position, quality), outliers, and team fixed effects. Reinforcing our claim that we isolate the effect of civil war exposure rather than simple rule breaking or something else entirely, there is no meaningful correlation between our measure of exposure to civil war and soccer performance measures not closely related to violent conduct. The result is also robust to controlling for civil wars before a player's birth, suggesting that it is not driven by factors from the distant historical past.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)59-73
    Number of pages15
    JournalEconomics and Politics
    Volume23
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Mar 2011

    Fingerprint

    Civil war
    Soccer
    Fixed effects
    Civil conflict
    Innovation
    Health
    Rule-breaking
    Per capita income
    Simple rules
    Survey methodology
    Psychological
    Rule of law
    Football
    Factors
    Performance measures
    Home country
    Outliers
    Propensity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Economics and Econometrics

    Cite this

    Miguel, E., Saiegh, S. M., & Satyanath, S. (2011). Civil war exposure and violence. Economics and Politics, 23(1), 59-73. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0343.2010.00372.x

    Civil war exposure and violence. / Miguel, Edward; Saiegh, Sebastián M.; Satyanath, Shanker.

    In: Economics and Politics, Vol. 23, No. 1, 03.2011, p. 59-73.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Miguel, E, Saiegh, SM & Satyanath, S 2011, 'Civil war exposure and violence', Economics and Politics, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 59-73. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0343.2010.00372.x
    Miguel, Edward ; Saiegh, Sebastián M. ; Satyanath, Shanker. / Civil war exposure and violence. In: Economics and Politics. 2011 ; Vol. 23, No. 1. pp. 59-73.
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