Child care and school performance in Denmark and the United States

Gosta Esping-Andersen, Irwin Garfinkel, Wen-Jui Han, Katherine Magnuson, Sander Wagner, Jane Waldfogel

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Child care and early education policies may not only raise average achievement but may also be of special benefit for less advantaged children, in particular if programs are high quality. We test whether high quality child care is equalizing using rich longitudinal data from two comparison countries, Denmark and the United States. In Denmark, we find that enrollment in high-quality formal care at age 3 is associated with higher cognitive scores at age 11. Moreover, the findings suggest stronger effects for the lowest-income children and for children at the bottom of the test score distribution. In the U.S. case, results are different. We find that enrollment in school or center based care is associated with higher cognitive scores at school entry, but the beneficial effects erode by age 11, particularly for disadvantaged children. Thus, the U.S. results do not point to larger and more lasting effects for disadvantaged children. This may be because low income children attend poorer quality care and subsequently attend lower quality schools.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)576-589
    Number of pages14
    JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
    Volume34
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Mar 1 2012

    Fingerprint

    Denmark
    Child Care
    child care
    Quality of Health Care
    school
    performance
    Vulnerable Populations
    low income
    Students
    Education
    education

    Keywords

    • Child care
    • Cognitive achievement
    • DALSC
    • ECLS-K
    • Inequality

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Education
    • Developmental and Educational Psychology
    • Sociology and Political Science

    Cite this

    Esping-Andersen, G., Garfinkel, I., Han, W-J., Magnuson, K., Wagner, S., & Waldfogel, J. (2012). Child care and school performance in Denmark and the United States. Children and Youth Services Review, 34(3), 576-589. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2011.10.010

    Child care and school performance in Denmark and the United States. / Esping-Andersen, Gosta; Garfinkel, Irwin; Han, Wen-Jui; Magnuson, Katherine; Wagner, Sander; Waldfogel, Jane.

    In: Children and Youth Services Review, Vol. 34, No. 3, 01.03.2012, p. 576-589.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Esping-Andersen, G, Garfinkel, I, Han, W-J, Magnuson, K, Wagner, S & Waldfogel, J 2012, 'Child care and school performance in Denmark and the United States', Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 576-589. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2011.10.010
    Esping-Andersen G, Garfinkel I, Han W-J, Magnuson K, Wagner S, Waldfogel J. Child care and school performance in Denmark and the United States. Children and Youth Services Review. 2012 Mar 1;34(3):576-589. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2011.10.010
    Esping-Andersen, Gosta ; Garfinkel, Irwin ; Han, Wen-Jui ; Magnuson, Katherine ; Wagner, Sander ; Waldfogel, Jane. / Child care and school performance in Denmark and the United States. In: Children and Youth Services Review. 2012 ; Vol. 34, No. 3. pp. 576-589.
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