Characterization of ETL 9357FLA photomultiplier tubes for cryogenic temperature applications

A. Ankowski, M. Antonello, P. Aprili, Francesco Arneodo, A. Badertscher, B. Baiboussinov, M. Baldo Ceolin, G. Battistoni, P. Benetti, M. Bischofberger, A. Borio Di Tigliole, R. Brunetti, G. Bucciarelli, A. Bueno, E. Calligarich, F. Carbonara, M. C. Carmona, F. Cavanna, P. Cennini, S. CentroA. Cesana, D. B. Cline, K. Cieślik, A. G. Cocco, Z. Dai, C. De Vecchi, A. Da̧browska, A. Di Cicco, R. Dolfini, A. Ereditato, A. Ferella, A. Ferrari, G. Fiorillo, D. García-Gamez, Y. Ge, D. Gibin, A. Gigli Berzolari, I. Gil-Botella, K. Graczyk, L. Grandi, A. Guglielmi, J. Holeczek, C. Juszczak, D. Kiełczewska, J. Kisiel, T. Kozłowski, M. Laffranchi, J. Łagoda, B. Lisowski, J. Lozano, M. Markiewicz, A. Martínez De La Ossa, C. Matthey, F. Mauri, A. J. Melgarejo, A. Menegolli, G. Meng, M. Messina, C. Montanari, S. Muraro, S. Navas-Concha, J. Nowak, S. Otwinowski, O. Palamara, L. Periale, G. Piano Mortari, A. Piazzoli, P. Picchi, F. Pietropaolo, W. Półchłopek, M. Prata, M. C. Prata, P. Przewlocki, A. Rappoldi, G. L. Raselli, E. Rondio, M. Rossella, A. Rubbia, C. Rubbia, P. R. Sala, R. Santorelli, D. Scannicchio, E. Segreto, Y. Seo, F. Sergiampietri, J. Sobczyk, S. Stach, J. Stepaniak, R. Sulej, M. Szeptycka, M. Szarska, A. Szelc, M. Terrani, F. Varanini, S. Ventura, C. Vignoli, H. Wang, X. Yang, A. Zalewska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We carried out a careful evaluation of the performance of the large cathode area ETL 9357FLA photomultiplier tube operating at cryogenic temperature. The measurements were focused on evaluating the parameters which mainly characterize the operating performances of the device down to 77 K and the spread of the distinctive features over 54 samples assembled in the ICARUS apparatus. The results that we obtained demonstrate that the photomultiplier is suited for light detection in such unconventional operating conditions, certifying this device for the direct measurement of scintillation light coming from noble-gas liquids in detectors dedicated to neutrino physics and dark matter research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-157
Number of pages12
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume556
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

Fingerprint

Photomultipliers
photomultiplier tubes
cryogenic temperature
Cryogenics
Electron tubes
Scintillation
Inert gases
scintillation
rare gases
dark matter
Cathodes
neutrinos
Physics
cathodes
Detectors
Temperature
evaluation
detectors
Liquids
liquids

Keywords

  • Cryogenics
  • Photomultiplier tubes
  • Scintillation detectors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Characterization of ETL 9357FLA photomultiplier tubes for cryogenic temperature applications. / Ankowski, A.; Antonello, M.; Aprili, P.; Arneodo, Francesco; Badertscher, A.; Baiboussinov, B.; Baldo Ceolin, M.; Battistoni, G.; Benetti, P.; Bischofberger, M.; Borio Di Tigliole, A.; Brunetti, R.; Bucciarelli, G.; Bueno, A.; Calligarich, E.; Carbonara, F.; Carmona, M. C.; Cavanna, F.; Cennini, P.; Centro, S.; Cesana, A.; Cline, D. B.; Cieślik, K.; Cocco, A. G.; Dai, Z.; De Vecchi, C.; Da̧browska, A.; Di Cicco, A.; Dolfini, R.; Ereditato, A.; Ferella, A.; Ferrari, A.; Fiorillo, G.; García-Gamez, D.; Ge, Y.; Gibin, D.; Gigli Berzolari, A.; Gil-Botella, I.; Graczyk, K.; Grandi, L.; Guglielmi, A.; Holeczek, J.; Juszczak, C.; Kiełczewska, D.; Kisiel, J.; Kozłowski, T.; Laffranchi, M.; Łagoda, J.; Lisowski, B.; Lozano, J.; Markiewicz, M.; Martínez De La Ossa, A.; Matthey, C.; Mauri, F.; Melgarejo, A. J.; Menegolli, A.; Meng, G.; Messina, M.; Montanari, C.; Muraro, S.; Navas-Concha, S.; Nowak, J.; Otwinowski, S.; Palamara, O.; Periale, L.; Piano Mortari, G.; Piazzoli, A.; Picchi, P.; Pietropaolo, F.; Półchłopek, W.; Prata, M.; Prata, M. C.; Przewlocki, P.; Rappoldi, A.; Raselli, G. L.; Rondio, E.; Rossella, M.; Rubbia, A.; Rubbia, C.; Sala, P. R.; Santorelli, R.; Scannicchio, D.; Segreto, E.; Seo, Y.; Sergiampietri, F.; Sobczyk, J.; Stach, S.; Stepaniak, J.; Sulej, R.; Szeptycka, M.; Szarska, M.; Szelc, A.; Terrani, M.; Varanini, F.; Ventura, S.; Vignoli, C.; Wang, H.; Yang, X.; Zalewska, A.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 556, No. 1, 01.01.2006, p. 146-157.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ankowski, A, Antonello, M, Aprili, P, Arneodo, F, Badertscher, A, Baiboussinov, B, Baldo Ceolin, M, Battistoni, G, Benetti, P, Bischofberger, M, Borio Di Tigliole, A, Brunetti, R, Bucciarelli, G, Bueno, A, Calligarich, E, Carbonara, F, Carmona, MC, Cavanna, F, Cennini, P, Centro, S, Cesana, A, Cline, DB, Cieślik, K, Cocco, AG, Dai, Z, De Vecchi, C, Da̧browska, A, Di Cicco, A, Dolfini, R, Ereditato, A, Ferella, A, Ferrari, A, Fiorillo, G, García-Gamez, D, Ge, Y, Gibin, D, Gigli Berzolari, A, Gil-Botella, I, Graczyk, K, Grandi, L, Guglielmi, A, Holeczek, J, Juszczak, C, Kiełczewska, D, Kisiel, J, Kozłowski, T, Laffranchi, M, Łagoda, J, Lisowski, B, Lozano, J, Markiewicz, M, Martínez De La Ossa, A, Matthey, C, Mauri, F, Melgarejo, AJ, Menegolli, A, Meng, G, Messina, M, Montanari, C, Muraro, S, Navas-Concha, S, Nowak, J, Otwinowski, S, Palamara, O, Periale, L, Piano Mortari, G, Piazzoli, A, Picchi, P, Pietropaolo, F, Półchłopek, W, Prata, M, Prata, MC, Przewlocki, P, Rappoldi, A, Raselli, GL, Rondio, E, Rossella, M, Rubbia, A, Rubbia, C, Sala, PR, Santorelli, R, Scannicchio, D, Segreto, E, Seo, Y, Sergiampietri, F, Sobczyk, J, Stach, S, Stepaniak, J, Sulej, R, Szeptycka, M, Szarska, M, Szelc, A, Terrani, M, Varanini, F, Ventura, S, Vignoli, C, Wang, H, Yang, X & Zalewska, A 2006, 'Characterization of ETL 9357FLA photomultiplier tubes for cryogenic temperature applications', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 556, no. 1, pp. 146-157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2005.10.108
Ankowski, A. ; Antonello, M. ; Aprili, P. ; Arneodo, Francesco ; Badertscher, A. ; Baiboussinov, B. ; Baldo Ceolin, M. ; Battistoni, G. ; Benetti, P. ; Bischofberger, M. ; Borio Di Tigliole, A. ; Brunetti, R. ; Bucciarelli, G. ; Bueno, A. ; Calligarich, E. ; Carbonara, F. ; Carmona, M. C. ; Cavanna, F. ; Cennini, P. ; Centro, S. ; Cesana, A. ; Cline, D. B. ; Cieślik, K. ; Cocco, A. G. ; Dai, Z. ; De Vecchi, C. ; Da̧browska, A. ; Di Cicco, A. ; Dolfini, R. ; Ereditato, A. ; Ferella, A. ; Ferrari, A. ; Fiorillo, G. ; García-Gamez, D. ; Ge, Y. ; Gibin, D. ; Gigli Berzolari, A. ; Gil-Botella, I. ; Graczyk, K. ; Grandi, L. ; Guglielmi, A. ; Holeczek, J. ; Juszczak, C. ; Kiełczewska, D. ; Kisiel, J. ; Kozłowski, T. ; Laffranchi, M. ; Łagoda, J. ; Lisowski, B. ; Lozano, J. ; Markiewicz, M. ; Martínez De La Ossa, A. ; Matthey, C. ; Mauri, F. ; Melgarejo, A. J. ; Menegolli, A. ; Meng, G. ; Messina, M. ; Montanari, C. ; Muraro, S. ; Navas-Concha, S. ; Nowak, J. ; Otwinowski, S. ; Palamara, O. ; Periale, L. ; Piano Mortari, G. ; Piazzoli, A. ; Picchi, P. ; Pietropaolo, F. ; Półchłopek, W. ; Prata, M. ; Prata, M. C. ; Przewlocki, P. ; Rappoldi, A. ; Raselli, G. L. ; Rondio, E. ; Rossella, M. ; Rubbia, A. ; Rubbia, C. ; Sala, P. R. ; Santorelli, R. ; Scannicchio, D. ; Segreto, E. ; Seo, Y. ; Sergiampietri, F. ; Sobczyk, J. ; Stach, S. ; Stepaniak, J. ; Sulej, R. ; Szeptycka, M. ; Szarska, M. ; Szelc, A. ; Terrani, M. ; Varanini, F. ; Ventura, S. ; Vignoli, C. ; Wang, H. ; Yang, X. ; Zalewska, A. / Characterization of ETL 9357FLA photomultiplier tubes for cryogenic temperature applications. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 2006 ; Vol. 556, No. 1. pp. 146-157.
@article{f77935661adc4672be690e508edd5487,
title = "Characterization of ETL 9357FLA photomultiplier tubes for cryogenic temperature applications",
abstract = "We carried out a careful evaluation of the performance of the large cathode area ETL 9357FLA photomultiplier tube operating at cryogenic temperature. The measurements were focused on evaluating the parameters which mainly characterize the operating performances of the device down to 77 K and the spread of the distinctive features over 54 samples assembled in the ICARUS apparatus. The results that we obtained demonstrate that the photomultiplier is suited for light detection in such unconventional operating conditions, certifying this device for the direct measurement of scintillation light coming from noble-gas liquids in detectors dedicated to neutrino physics and dark matter research.",
keywords = "Cryogenics, Photomultiplier tubes, Scintillation detectors",
author = "A. Ankowski and M. Antonello and P. Aprili and Francesco Arneodo and A. Badertscher and B. Baiboussinov and {Baldo Ceolin}, M. and G. Battistoni and P. Benetti and M. Bischofberger and {Borio Di Tigliole}, A. and R. Brunetti and G. Bucciarelli and A. Bueno and E. Calligarich and F. Carbonara and Carmona, {M. C.} and F. Cavanna and P. Cennini and S. Centro and A. Cesana and Cline, {D. B.} and K. Cieślik and Cocco, {A. G.} and Z. Dai and {De Vecchi}, C. and A. Da̧browska and {Di Cicco}, A. and R. Dolfini and A. Ereditato and A. Ferella and A. Ferrari and G. Fiorillo and D. Garc{\'i}a-Gamez and Y. Ge and D. Gibin and {Gigli Berzolari}, A. and I. Gil-Botella and K. Graczyk and L. Grandi and A. Guglielmi and J. Holeczek and C. Juszczak and D. Kiełczewska and J. Kisiel and T. Kozłowski and M. Laffranchi and J. Łagoda and B. Lisowski and J. Lozano and M. Markiewicz and {Mart{\'i}nez De La Ossa}, A. and C. Matthey and F. Mauri and Melgarejo, {A. J.} and A. Menegolli and G. Meng and M. Messina and C. Montanari and S. Muraro and S. Navas-Concha and J. Nowak and S. Otwinowski and O. Palamara and L. Periale and {Piano Mortari}, G. and A. Piazzoli and P. Picchi and F. Pietropaolo and W. P{\'o}łchłopek and M. Prata and Prata, {M. C.} and P. Przewlocki and A. Rappoldi and Raselli, {G. L.} and E. Rondio and M. Rossella and A. Rubbia and C. Rubbia and Sala, {P. R.} and R. Santorelli and D. Scannicchio and E. Segreto and Y. Seo and F. Sergiampietri and J. Sobczyk and S. Stach and J. Stepaniak and R. Sulej and M. Szeptycka and M. Szarska and A. Szelc and M. Terrani and F. Varanini and S. Ventura and C. Vignoli and H. Wang and X. Yang and A. Zalewska",
year = "2006",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.nima.2005.10.108",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "556",
pages = "146--157",
journal = "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment",
issn = "0168-9002",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of ETL 9357FLA photomultiplier tubes for cryogenic temperature applications

AU - Ankowski, A.

AU - Antonello, M.

AU - Aprili, P.

AU - Arneodo, Francesco

AU - Badertscher, A.

AU - Baiboussinov, B.

AU - Baldo Ceolin, M.

AU - Battistoni, G.

AU - Benetti, P.

AU - Bischofberger, M.

AU - Borio Di Tigliole, A.

AU - Brunetti, R.

AU - Bucciarelli, G.

AU - Bueno, A.

AU - Calligarich, E.

AU - Carbonara, F.

AU - Carmona, M. C.

AU - Cavanna, F.

AU - Cennini, P.

AU - Centro, S.

AU - Cesana, A.

AU - Cline, D. B.

AU - Cieślik, K.

AU - Cocco, A. G.

AU - Dai, Z.

AU - De Vecchi, C.

AU - Da̧browska, A.

AU - Di Cicco, A.

AU - Dolfini, R.

AU - Ereditato, A.

AU - Ferella, A.

AU - Ferrari, A.

AU - Fiorillo, G.

AU - García-Gamez, D.

AU - Ge, Y.

AU - Gibin, D.

AU - Gigli Berzolari, A.

AU - Gil-Botella, I.

AU - Graczyk, K.

AU - Grandi, L.

AU - Guglielmi, A.

AU - Holeczek, J.

AU - Juszczak, C.

AU - Kiełczewska, D.

AU - Kisiel, J.

AU - Kozłowski, T.

AU - Laffranchi, M.

AU - Łagoda, J.

AU - Lisowski, B.

AU - Lozano, J.

AU - Markiewicz, M.

AU - Martínez De La Ossa, A.

AU - Matthey, C.

AU - Mauri, F.

AU - Melgarejo, A. J.

AU - Menegolli, A.

AU - Meng, G.

AU - Messina, M.

AU - Montanari, C.

AU - Muraro, S.

AU - Navas-Concha, S.

AU - Nowak, J.

AU - Otwinowski, S.

AU - Palamara, O.

AU - Periale, L.

AU - Piano Mortari, G.

AU - Piazzoli, A.

AU - Picchi, P.

AU - Pietropaolo, F.

AU - Półchłopek, W.

AU - Prata, M.

AU - Prata, M. C.

AU - Przewlocki, P.

AU - Rappoldi, A.

AU - Raselli, G. L.

AU - Rondio, E.

AU - Rossella, M.

AU - Rubbia, A.

AU - Rubbia, C.

AU - Sala, P. R.

AU - Santorelli, R.

AU - Scannicchio, D.

AU - Segreto, E.

AU - Seo, Y.

AU - Sergiampietri, F.

AU - Sobczyk, J.

AU - Stach, S.

AU - Stepaniak, J.

AU - Sulej, R.

AU - Szeptycka, M.

AU - Szarska, M.

AU - Szelc, A.

AU - Terrani, M.

AU - Varanini, F.

AU - Ventura, S.

AU - Vignoli, C.

AU - Wang, H.

AU - Yang, X.

AU - Zalewska, A.

PY - 2006/1/1

Y1 - 2006/1/1

N2 - We carried out a careful evaluation of the performance of the large cathode area ETL 9357FLA photomultiplier tube operating at cryogenic temperature. The measurements were focused on evaluating the parameters which mainly characterize the operating performances of the device down to 77 K and the spread of the distinctive features over 54 samples assembled in the ICARUS apparatus. The results that we obtained demonstrate that the photomultiplier is suited for light detection in such unconventional operating conditions, certifying this device for the direct measurement of scintillation light coming from noble-gas liquids in detectors dedicated to neutrino physics and dark matter research.

AB - We carried out a careful evaluation of the performance of the large cathode area ETL 9357FLA photomultiplier tube operating at cryogenic temperature. The measurements were focused on evaluating the parameters which mainly characterize the operating performances of the device down to 77 K and the spread of the distinctive features over 54 samples assembled in the ICARUS apparatus. The results that we obtained demonstrate that the photomultiplier is suited for light detection in such unconventional operating conditions, certifying this device for the direct measurement of scintillation light coming from noble-gas liquids in detectors dedicated to neutrino physics and dark matter research.

KW - Cryogenics

KW - Photomultiplier tubes

KW - Scintillation detectors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=29144495862&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=29144495862&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.nima.2005.10.108

DO - 10.1016/j.nima.2005.10.108

M3 - Article

VL - 556

SP - 146

EP - 157

JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

SN - 0168-9002

IS - 1

ER -