The clonal cell line UMR 106, which was originally derived from a rat transplantable osteogenic sarcoma with an osteoblastic phenotype, was subcloned after the emergence of a calcitonin-responsive adenylate cyclase was noted in late passages. Detailed studies on the stimulation of adenylate cyclase and activation profile of the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase isoenzymes in response to parathyroid hormone (PTH) and salmon calcitonin (SCT) were conducted on two subclones (UMR 106-01 and UMR 106-06). Both subclones responded in an identical manner to PTH, which stimulated adenylate cyclase and activated both isoenzyme I and isoenzyme II of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase. In contrast, only UMR 106-06 cells responded to calcitonin. At 3×10-8M SCT, there was a sevenfold stimulation of adenylate cyclase, 84% activation of isoenzyme I, and 44% activation of isoenzyme II. The activation profiles of the isoenzymes to PTH and SCT in UMR 106-06 were similar. Furthermore, their response to SCT correlates with the presence of specific, saturable binding of125I-labeled SCT. Binding parameters indicate apparent Kd=0.8 nM and 6,000 receptors/cell. These data point to a significant phenotypic change having taken place in this clonal cell line with prolonged maintenance in culture, with the emergence of a calcitonin receptor linked to adenylate cyclase and protein kinase activation.
- Cyclic AMP
- Parathyroid hormone
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine