Changing fear: The neurocircuitry of emotion regulation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The ability to alter emotional responses as circumstances change is a critical component of normal adaptive behavior and is often impaired in psychological disorders. In this review, we discuss four emotional regulation techniques that have been investigated as means to control fear: extinction, cognitive regulation, active coping, and reconsolidation. For each technique, we review what is known about the underlying neural systems, combining findings from animal models and human neuroscience. The current evidence suggests that these different means of regulating fear depend on both overlapping and distinct components of a fear circuitry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)136-146
Number of pages11
JournalNeuropsychopharmacology
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

Fingerprint

Fear
Emotions
Aptitude
Psychological Adaptation
Neurosciences
Animal Models
Psychology
Psychological Extinction

Keywords

  • Amygdala
  • Emotion regulation
  • Extinction
  • Fear conditioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Changing fear : The neurocircuitry of emotion regulation. / Hartley, Catherine; Phelps, Elizabeth.

In: Neuropsychopharmacology, Vol. 35, No. 1, 01.2010, p. 136-146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1638edefc2914bf8a3eea37ec32d1b18,
title = "Changing fear: The neurocircuitry of emotion regulation",
abstract = "The ability to alter emotional responses as circumstances change is a critical component of normal adaptive behavior and is often impaired in psychological disorders. In this review, we discuss four emotional regulation techniques that have been investigated as means to control fear: extinction, cognitive regulation, active coping, and reconsolidation. For each technique, we review what is known about the underlying neural systems, combining findings from animal models and human neuroscience. The current evidence suggests that these different means of regulating fear depend on both overlapping and distinct components of a fear circuitry.",
keywords = "Amygdala, Emotion regulation, Extinction, Fear conditioning",
author = "Catherine Hartley and Elizabeth Phelps",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1038/npp.2009.121",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "136--146",
journal = "Neuropsychopharmacology",
issn = "0893-133X",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changing fear

T2 - The neurocircuitry of emotion regulation

AU - Hartley, Catherine

AU - Phelps, Elizabeth

PY - 2010/1

Y1 - 2010/1

N2 - The ability to alter emotional responses as circumstances change is a critical component of normal adaptive behavior and is often impaired in psychological disorders. In this review, we discuss four emotional regulation techniques that have been investigated as means to control fear: extinction, cognitive regulation, active coping, and reconsolidation. For each technique, we review what is known about the underlying neural systems, combining findings from animal models and human neuroscience. The current evidence suggests that these different means of regulating fear depend on both overlapping and distinct components of a fear circuitry.

AB - The ability to alter emotional responses as circumstances change is a critical component of normal adaptive behavior and is often impaired in psychological disorders. In this review, we discuss four emotional regulation techniques that have been investigated as means to control fear: extinction, cognitive regulation, active coping, and reconsolidation. For each technique, we review what is known about the underlying neural systems, combining findings from animal models and human neuroscience. The current evidence suggests that these different means of regulating fear depend on both overlapping and distinct components of a fear circuitry.

KW - Amygdala

KW - Emotion regulation

KW - Extinction

KW - Fear conditioning

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=72049124815&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=72049124815&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/npp.2009.121

DO - 10.1038/npp.2009.121

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 136

EP - 146

JO - Neuropsychopharmacology

JF - Neuropsychopharmacology

SN - 0893-133X

IS - 1

ER -