Causal modeling of epidemiological data on psychiatric disorders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper reviews the logic of causal inference from epidemiological data. I maintain that the clearest causal statements can be made when the philosophical causal principles of association, direction and isolation are upheld in epidemiological research. After reviewing the argument by Holland that only experimental manipulation affords clear causal claims, I examine the utility of structural equation models and longitudinal methods for making causal claims from non-experimental data. This examination leads to the conclusion that mental health epidemiologists should begin to incorporate intervention trials into the last phases of their research programmes when they want to make strong causal claims.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)400-404
Number of pages5
JournalSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Volume33
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1998

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Psychiatry
Structural Models
structural model
Research
Netherlands
manipulation
social isolation
Mental Health
mental health
examination
Epidemiologists
Direction compound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Causal modeling of epidemiological data on psychiatric disorders. / Shrout, P. E.

In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, Vol. 33, No. 8, 08.1998, p. 400-404.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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