Care and Justice Moral Orientation

A Scale for Its Assessment

Nancy Yacker, Sharon L. Weinberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A quantitative measure of adult moral orientation, based on the theoretical frameworks of Kohlberg and Gilligan, was developed to measure preference for “justice-” or ”care”-oriented moral thinking. The Moral Orientation Scale Using Childhood Dilemmas (MOS), a short, objective measure, presents adults with a series of dilemmas frequently faced by children, each followed by two care-oriented and two justice-oriented responses to the dilemma. The procedures for developing and scoring the measure are discussed, and validity and reliability data are presented. Used with both male and female social work and law students, as expected, the MOS shows males to be more justice-oriented in their moral reasoning than females who are shown to be more care-oriented. Moreover, in further agreement with Gilligan's theory that gender and experience, taken together, are related to moral reasoning style, male lawyers and female social workers are shown to have the strongest preferences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-27
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Personality Assessment
Volume55
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

Fingerprint

Social Justice
Lawyers
Social Work
Reproducibility of Results
Students
Justice
Moral Reasoning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Care and Justice Moral Orientation : A Scale for Its Assessment. / Yacker, Nancy; Weinberg, Sharon L.

In: Journal of Personality Assessment, Vol. 55, No. 1-2, 1990, p. 18-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ca633641100a4ee292263c7ec9897565,
title = "Care and Justice Moral Orientation: A Scale for Its Assessment",
abstract = "A quantitative measure of adult moral orientation, based on the theoretical frameworks of Kohlberg and Gilligan, was developed to measure preference for “justice-” or ”care”-oriented moral thinking. The Moral Orientation Scale Using Childhood Dilemmas (MOS), a short, objective measure, presents adults with a series of dilemmas frequently faced by children, each followed by two care-oriented and two justice-oriented responses to the dilemma. The procedures for developing and scoring the measure are discussed, and validity and reliability data are presented. Used with both male and female social work and law students, as expected, the MOS shows males to be more justice-oriented in their moral reasoning than females who are shown to be more care-oriented. Moreover, in further agreement with Gilligan's theory that gender and experience, taken together, are related to moral reasoning style, male lawyers and female social workers are shown to have the strongest preferences.",
author = "Nancy Yacker and Weinberg, {Sharon L.}",
year = "1990",
doi = "10.1080/00223891.1990.9674043",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "55",
pages = "18--27",
journal = "Journal of Personality Assessment",
issn = "0022-3891",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Care and Justice Moral Orientation

T2 - A Scale for Its Assessment

AU - Yacker, Nancy

AU - Weinberg, Sharon L.

PY - 1990

Y1 - 1990

N2 - A quantitative measure of adult moral orientation, based on the theoretical frameworks of Kohlberg and Gilligan, was developed to measure preference for “justice-” or ”care”-oriented moral thinking. The Moral Orientation Scale Using Childhood Dilemmas (MOS), a short, objective measure, presents adults with a series of dilemmas frequently faced by children, each followed by two care-oriented and two justice-oriented responses to the dilemma. The procedures for developing and scoring the measure are discussed, and validity and reliability data are presented. Used with both male and female social work and law students, as expected, the MOS shows males to be more justice-oriented in their moral reasoning than females who are shown to be more care-oriented. Moreover, in further agreement with Gilligan's theory that gender and experience, taken together, are related to moral reasoning style, male lawyers and female social workers are shown to have the strongest preferences.

AB - A quantitative measure of adult moral orientation, based on the theoretical frameworks of Kohlberg and Gilligan, was developed to measure preference for “justice-” or ”care”-oriented moral thinking. The Moral Orientation Scale Using Childhood Dilemmas (MOS), a short, objective measure, presents adults with a series of dilemmas frequently faced by children, each followed by two care-oriented and two justice-oriented responses to the dilemma. The procedures for developing and scoring the measure are discussed, and validity and reliability data are presented. Used with both male and female social work and law students, as expected, the MOS shows males to be more justice-oriented in their moral reasoning than females who are shown to be more care-oriented. Moreover, in further agreement with Gilligan's theory that gender and experience, taken together, are related to moral reasoning style, male lawyers and female social workers are shown to have the strongest preferences.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025148449&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025148449&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/00223891.1990.9674043

DO - 10.1080/00223891.1990.9674043

M3 - Article

VL - 55

SP - 18

EP - 27

JO - Journal of Personality Assessment

JF - Journal of Personality Assessment

SN - 0022-3891

IS - 1-2

ER -