Can rapid climatic change cause volcanic eruptions?

Michael Rampino, Stephen Self, Rhodes W. Fairbridge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Many major volcanic eruptions coincide with cooling trends of decadal or longer duration that began significantly before the eruptions. Dust veils provide positive feedback for short-term (less than 10 year) global cooling, but seem unlikely to trigger glaciations or even minor climate fluctuations in the 10- to 100-year range. On the contrary, variations in climate lead to stress changes on the earth's crust for instance, by loading and unloading of ice and water masses and by axial and spin-rate changes that might augment volcanic (and seismic) potential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)826-829
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume206
Issue number4420
StatePublished - 1979

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volcanic eruption
cooling
climate change
stress change
climate
unloading
water mass
glaciation
dust
ice
rate
earth's crust
trend

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Rampino, M., Self, S., & Fairbridge, R. W. (1979). Can rapid climatic change cause volcanic eruptions? Science, 206(4420), 826-829.

Can rapid climatic change cause volcanic eruptions? / Rampino, Michael; Self, Stephen; Fairbridge, Rhodes W.

In: Science, Vol. 206, No. 4420, 1979, p. 826-829.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rampino, M, Self, S & Fairbridge, RW 1979, 'Can rapid climatic change cause volcanic eruptions?', Science, vol. 206, no. 4420, pp. 826-829.
Rampino M, Self S, Fairbridge RW. Can rapid climatic change cause volcanic eruptions? Science. 1979;206(4420):826-829.
Rampino, Michael ; Self, Stephen ; Fairbridge, Rhodes W. / Can rapid climatic change cause volcanic eruptions?. In: Science. 1979 ; Vol. 206, No. 4420. pp. 826-829.
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