Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region

findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Objectives: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index (BMI) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Methods: We estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (2–19 years) and adults (≥20 years) in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach. Results: The prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15.1% (95% UI 13.4–16.9) in 1980 to 20.7% (95% UI 18.8–22.8) in 2015. It increased from 4.1% (95% UI 2.9–5.5) to 4.9% (95% UI 3.6–6.4) for the same period among children. In 2015, there were 417,115 deaths and 14,448,548 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to high BMI in EMR, which constitute about 10 and 6.3% of total deaths and DALYs, respectively, for all ages. Conclusions: This is the first study to estimate trends in obesity burden for the EMR from 1980 to 2015. We call for EMR countries to invest more resources in prevention and health promotion efforts to reduce this burden.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)165-176
    Number of pages12
    JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
    Volume63
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 1 2018

    Fingerprint

    Mediterranean Region
    Obesity
    Body Mass Index
    Quality-Adjusted Life Years
    Pediatric Obesity
    Health Promotion
    Global Burden of Disease

    Keywords

    • Burden of disease
    • Eastern Mediterranean Region
    • Obesity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

    Cite this

    Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region : findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. / GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators.

    In: International Journal of Public Health, Vol. 63, 01.05.2018, p. 165-176.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators. / Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region : findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. In: International Journal of Public Health. 2018 ; Vol. 63. pp. 165-176.
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    abstract = "Objectives: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index (BMI) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Methods: We estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (2–19 years) and adults (≥20 years) in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach. Results: The prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15.1{\%} (95{\%} UI 13.4–16.9) in 1980 to 20.7{\%} (95{\%} UI 18.8–22.8) in 2015. It increased from 4.1{\%} (95{\%} UI 2.9–5.5) to 4.9{\%} (95{\%} UI 3.6–6.4) for the same period among children. In 2015, there were 417,115 deaths and 14,448,548 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to high BMI in EMR, which constitute about 10 and 6.3{\%} of total deaths and DALYs, respectively, for all ages. Conclusions: This is the first study to estimate trends in obesity burden for the EMR from 1980 to 2015. We call for EMR countries to invest more resources in prevention and health promotion efforts to reduce this burden.",
    keywords = "Burden of disease, Eastern Mediterranean Region, Obesity",
    author = "{GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators} and Mokdad, {Ali H.} and {El Bcheraoui}, Charbel and Ashkan Afshin and Raghid Charara and Ibrahim Khalil and Maziar Moradi-Lakeh and Kassebaum, {Nicholas J.} and Michael Collison and Farah Daoud and Krohn, {Kristopher J.} and Adrienne Chew and Biryukov, {Stan H.} and Leslie Cornaby and Foreman, {Kyle J.} and Michael Kutz and Patrick Liu and Marissa Reitsma and Patrick Sur and Haidong Wang and Ben Zipkin and Johan {\"A}rnl{\"o}v and Cristiana Abbafati and Abdishakur Abdulle and Abu-Rmeileh, {Niveen M.E.} and {Beshir Ahmed}, Muktar and Ziyad Al-Aly and Khurshid Alam and Reza Alizadeh-Navaei and Ala'a Alkerwi and Altirkawi, {Khalid A.} and Nelson Alvis-Guzman and Baune, {Bernhard T.} and Neeraj Bedi and Bennett, {Derrick A.} and Beyene, {Addisu S.} and Bhutta, {Zulfiqar A.} and Birhanu, {Mulugeta M.} and Hadi Danawi and Fereshtehnejad, {Seyed Mohammad} and Florian Fischer and {Tewelde Gebrehiwot}, Tsegaye and {Singh Gill}, Paramjit and Gona, {Philimon N.} and Vipin Gupta and {Dejenie Habtewold}, Tesfa and {Ribhi Hamadeh}, Randah and Samer Hamidi and {Abera Hareri}, Habtamu and Masako Horino and Mohamed Hsairi",
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    T1 - Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region

    T2 - findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

    AU - GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators

    AU - Mokdad, Ali H.

    AU - El Bcheraoui, Charbel

    AU - Afshin, Ashkan

    AU - Charara, Raghid

    AU - Khalil, Ibrahim

    AU - Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar

    AU - Kassebaum, Nicholas J.

    AU - Collison, Michael

    AU - Daoud, Farah

    AU - Krohn, Kristopher J.

    AU - Chew, Adrienne

    AU - Biryukov, Stan H.

    AU - Cornaby, Leslie

    AU - Foreman, Kyle J.

    AU - Kutz, Michael

    AU - Liu, Patrick

    AU - Reitsma, Marissa

    AU - Sur, Patrick

    AU - Wang, Haidong

    AU - Zipkin, Ben

    AU - Ärnlöv, Johan

    AU - Abbafati, Cristiana

    AU - Abdulle, Abdishakur

    AU - Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M.E.

    AU - Beshir Ahmed, Muktar

    AU - Al-Aly, Ziyad

    AU - Alam, Khurshid

    AU - Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza

    AU - Alkerwi, Ala'a

    AU - Altirkawi, Khalid A.

    AU - Alvis-Guzman, Nelson

    AU - Baune, Bernhard T.

    AU - Bedi, Neeraj

    AU - Bennett, Derrick A.

    AU - Beyene, Addisu S.

    AU - Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.

    AU - Birhanu, Mulugeta M.

    AU - Danawi, Hadi

    AU - Fereshtehnejad, Seyed Mohammad

    AU - Fischer, Florian

    AU - Tewelde Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye

    AU - Singh Gill, Paramjit

    AU - Gona, Philimon N.

    AU - Gupta, Vipin

    AU - Dejenie Habtewold, Tesfa

    AU - Ribhi Hamadeh, Randah

    AU - Hamidi, Samer

    AU - Abera Hareri, Habtamu

    AU - Horino, Masako

    AU - Hsairi, Mohamed

    PY - 2018/5/1

    Y1 - 2018/5/1

    N2 - Objectives: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index (BMI) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Methods: We estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (2–19 years) and adults (≥20 years) in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach. Results: The prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15.1% (95% UI 13.4–16.9) in 1980 to 20.7% (95% UI 18.8–22.8) in 2015. It increased from 4.1% (95% UI 2.9–5.5) to 4.9% (95% UI 3.6–6.4) for the same period among children. In 2015, there were 417,115 deaths and 14,448,548 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to high BMI in EMR, which constitute about 10 and 6.3% of total deaths and DALYs, respectively, for all ages. Conclusions: This is the first study to estimate trends in obesity burden for the EMR from 1980 to 2015. We call for EMR countries to invest more resources in prevention and health promotion efforts to reduce this burden.

    AB - Objectives: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index (BMI) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Methods: We estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (2–19 years) and adults (≥20 years) in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach. Results: The prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15.1% (95% UI 13.4–16.9) in 1980 to 20.7% (95% UI 18.8–22.8) in 2015. It increased from 4.1% (95% UI 2.9–5.5) to 4.9% (95% UI 3.6–6.4) for the same period among children. In 2015, there were 417,115 deaths and 14,448,548 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to high BMI in EMR, which constitute about 10 and 6.3% of total deaths and DALYs, respectively, for all ages. Conclusions: This is the first study to estimate trends in obesity burden for the EMR from 1980 to 2015. We call for EMR countries to invest more resources in prevention and health promotion efforts to reduce this burden.

    KW - Burden of disease

    KW - Eastern Mediterranean Region

    KW - Obesity

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