Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index (BMI) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Methods: We estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (2–19 years) and adults (≥20 years) in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach. Results: The prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15.1% (95% UI 13.4–16.9) in 1980 to 20.7% (95% UI 18.8–22.8) in 2015. It increased from 4.1% (95% UI 2.9–5.5) to 4.9% (95% UI 3.6–6.4) for the same period among children. In 2015, there were 417,115 deaths and 14,448,548 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to high BMI in EMR, which constitute about 10 and 6.3% of total deaths and DALYs, respectively, for all ages. Conclusions: This is the first study to estimate trends in obesity burden for the EMR from 1980 to 2015. We call for EMR countries to invest more resources in prevention and health promotion efforts to reduce this burden.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-176
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Volume63
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

Fingerprint

Mediterranean Region
Obesity
Body Mass Index
Quality-Adjusted Life Years
Pediatric Obesity
Health Promotion
Global Burden of Disease

Keywords

  • Burden of disease
  • Eastern Mediterranean Region
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region : findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. / GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators.

In: International Journal of Public Health, Vol. 63, 01.05.2018, p. 165-176.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators. / Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region : findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. In: International Journal of Public Health. 2018 ; Vol. 63. pp. 165-176.
@article{fdb83aec232145ea815b04fbc930902f,
title = "Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study",
abstract = "Objectives: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index (BMI) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Methods: We estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (2–19 years) and adults (≥20 years) in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach. Results: The prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15.1{\%} (95{\%} UI 13.4–16.9) in 1980 to 20.7{\%} (95{\%} UI 18.8–22.8) in 2015. It increased from 4.1{\%} (95{\%} UI 2.9–5.5) to 4.9{\%} (95{\%} UI 3.6–6.4) for the same period among children. In 2015, there were 417,115 deaths and 14,448,548 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to high BMI in EMR, which constitute about 10 and 6.3{\%} of total deaths and DALYs, respectively, for all ages. Conclusions: This is the first study to estimate trends in obesity burden for the EMR from 1980 to 2015. We call for EMR countries to invest more resources in prevention and health promotion efforts to reduce this burden.",
keywords = "Burden of disease, Eastern Mediterranean Region, Obesity",
author = "{GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators} and Mokdad, {Ali H.} and {El Bcheraoui}, Charbel and Ashkan Afshin and Raghid Charara and Ibrahim Khalil and Maziar Moradi-Lakeh and Kassebaum, {Nicholas J.} and Michael Collison and Farah Daoud and Krohn, {Kristopher J.} and Adrienne Chew and Biryukov, {Stan H.} and Leslie Cornaby and Foreman, {Kyle J.} and Michael Kutz and Patrick Liu and Marissa Reitsma and Patrick Sur and Haidong Wang and Ben Zipkin and Johan {\"A}rnl{\"o}v and Cristiana Abbafati and Abdishakur Abdulle and Abu-Rmeileh, {Niveen M.E.} and {Beshir Ahmed}, Muktar and Ziyad Al-Aly and Khurshid Alam and Reza Alizadeh-Navaei and Ala'a Alkerwi and Altirkawi, {Khalid A.} and Nelson Alvis-Guzman and Baune, {Bernhard T.} and Neeraj Bedi and Bennett, {Derrick A.} and Beyene, {Addisu S.} and Bhutta, {Zulfiqar A.} and Birhanu, {Mulugeta M.} and Hadi Danawi and Fereshtehnejad, {Seyed Mohammad} and Florian Fischer and {Tewelde Gebrehiwot}, Tsegaye and {Singh Gill}, Paramjit and Gona, {Philimon N.} and Vipin Gupta and {Dejenie Habtewold}, Tesfa and {Ribhi Hamadeh}, Randah and Samer Hamidi and {Abera Hareri}, Habtamu and Masako Horino and Mohamed Hsairi",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s00038-017-1002-5",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "63",
pages = "165--176",
journal = "International Journal of Public Health",
issn = "1661-8556",
publisher = "Birkhauser Verlag Basel",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region

T2 - findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

AU - GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators

AU - Mokdad, Ali H.

AU - El Bcheraoui, Charbel

AU - Afshin, Ashkan

AU - Charara, Raghid

AU - Khalil, Ibrahim

AU - Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar

AU - Kassebaum, Nicholas J.

AU - Collison, Michael

AU - Daoud, Farah

AU - Krohn, Kristopher J.

AU - Chew, Adrienne

AU - Biryukov, Stan H.

AU - Cornaby, Leslie

AU - Foreman, Kyle J.

AU - Kutz, Michael

AU - Liu, Patrick

AU - Reitsma, Marissa

AU - Sur, Patrick

AU - Wang, Haidong

AU - Zipkin, Ben

AU - Ärnlöv, Johan

AU - Abbafati, Cristiana

AU - Abdulle, Abdishakur

AU - Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M.E.

AU - Beshir Ahmed, Muktar

AU - Al-Aly, Ziyad

AU - Alam, Khurshid

AU - Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza

AU - Alkerwi, Ala'a

AU - Altirkawi, Khalid A.

AU - Alvis-Guzman, Nelson

AU - Baune, Bernhard T.

AU - Bedi, Neeraj

AU - Bennett, Derrick A.

AU - Beyene, Addisu S.

AU - Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.

AU - Birhanu, Mulugeta M.

AU - Danawi, Hadi

AU - Fereshtehnejad, Seyed Mohammad

AU - Fischer, Florian

AU - Tewelde Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye

AU - Singh Gill, Paramjit

AU - Gona, Philimon N.

AU - Gupta, Vipin

AU - Dejenie Habtewold, Tesfa

AU - Ribhi Hamadeh, Randah

AU - Hamidi, Samer

AU - Abera Hareri, Habtamu

AU - Horino, Masako

AU - Hsairi, Mohamed

PY - 2018/5/1

Y1 - 2018/5/1

N2 - Objectives: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index (BMI) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Methods: We estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (2–19 years) and adults (≥20 years) in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach. Results: The prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15.1% (95% UI 13.4–16.9) in 1980 to 20.7% (95% UI 18.8–22.8) in 2015. It increased from 4.1% (95% UI 2.9–5.5) to 4.9% (95% UI 3.6–6.4) for the same period among children. In 2015, there were 417,115 deaths and 14,448,548 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to high BMI in EMR, which constitute about 10 and 6.3% of total deaths and DALYs, respectively, for all ages. Conclusions: This is the first study to estimate trends in obesity burden for the EMR from 1980 to 2015. We call for EMR countries to invest more resources in prevention and health promotion efforts to reduce this burden.

AB - Objectives: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index (BMI) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Methods: We estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (2–19 years) and adults (≥20 years) in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach. Results: The prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15.1% (95% UI 13.4–16.9) in 1980 to 20.7% (95% UI 18.8–22.8) in 2015. It increased from 4.1% (95% UI 2.9–5.5) to 4.9% (95% UI 3.6–6.4) for the same period among children. In 2015, there were 417,115 deaths and 14,448,548 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to high BMI in EMR, which constitute about 10 and 6.3% of total deaths and DALYs, respectively, for all ages. Conclusions: This is the first study to estimate trends in obesity burden for the EMR from 1980 to 2015. We call for EMR countries to invest more resources in prevention and health promotion efforts to reduce this burden.

KW - Burden of disease

KW - Eastern Mediterranean Region

KW - Obesity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85026843762&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85026843762&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00038-017-1002-5

DO - 10.1007/s00038-017-1002-5

M3 - Article

C2 - 28776243

AN - SCOPUS:85026843762

VL - 63

SP - 165

EP - 176

JO - International Journal of Public Health

JF - International Journal of Public Health

SN - 1661-8556

ER -