Burden of cardiovascular diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015

findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Cardiovascular Disease Collaborators

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Objectives: To report the burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) during 1990–2015. Methods: We used the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study for estimates of mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of different CVD in 22 countries of EMR. Results: A total of 1.4 million CVD deaths (95% UI: 1.3–1.5) occurred in 2015 in the EMR, with the highest number of deaths in Pakistan (465,116) and the lowest number of deaths in Qatar (723). The age-standardized DALY rate per 100,000 decreased from 10,080 in 1990 to 8606 in 2015 (14.6% decrease). Afghanistan had the highest age-standardized DALY rate of CVD in both 1990 and 2015. Kuwait and Qatar had the lowest age-standardized DALY rates of CVD in 1990 and 2015, respectively. High blood pressure, high total cholesterol, and high body mass index were the leading risk factors for CVD. Conclusions: The age-standardized DALY rates in the EMR are considerably higher than the global average. These findings call for a comprehensive approach to prevent and control the burden of CVD in the region.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)137-149
    Number of pages13
    JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
    Volume63
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 1 2018

    Fingerprint

    Mediterranean Region
    Quality-Adjusted Life Years
    Cardiovascular Diseases
    Qatar
    Kuwait
    Afghanistan
    Pakistan
    Global Burden of Disease
    Body Mass Index
    Cholesterol
    Hypertension
    Mortality

    Keywords

    • Burden of disease
    • Cardiovascular disease
    • Eastern Mediterranean Region

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

    Cite this

    Burden of cardiovascular diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015 : findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. / GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Cardiovascular Disease Collaborators.

    In: International Journal of Public Health, Vol. 63, 01.05.2018, p. 137-149.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    title = "Burden of cardiovascular diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study",
    abstract = "Objectives: To report the burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) during 1990–2015. Methods: We used the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study for estimates of mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of different CVD in 22 countries of EMR. Results: A total of 1.4 million CVD deaths (95{\%} UI: 1.3–1.5) occurred in 2015 in the EMR, with the highest number of deaths in Pakistan (465,116) and the lowest number of deaths in Qatar (723). The age-standardized DALY rate per 100,000 decreased from 10,080 in 1990 to 8606 in 2015 (14.6{\%} decrease). Afghanistan had the highest age-standardized DALY rate of CVD in both 1990 and 2015. Kuwait and Qatar had the lowest age-standardized DALY rates of CVD in 1990 and 2015, respectively. High blood pressure, high total cholesterol, and high body mass index were the leading risk factors for CVD. Conclusions: The age-standardized DALY rates in the EMR are considerably higher than the global average. These findings call for a comprehensive approach to prevent and control the burden of CVD in the region.",
    keywords = "Burden of disease, Cardiovascular disease, Eastern Mediterranean Region",
    author = "{GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Cardiovascular Disease Collaborators} and Arash Tehrani-Banihashemi and Maziar Moradi-Lakeh and Charbel Elbcheraoui and Raghid Charara and Ibrahim Khalil and Ashkan Afshin and Michael Collison and Farah Daoud and Krohn, {Kristopher J.} and Adrienne Chew and Leslie Cornaby and Foreman, {Kyle J.} and Joseph Frostad and Kassebaum, {Nicholas J.} and Laura Kemmer and Michael Kutz and Patrick Liu and Mojde Mirarefin and Grant Nguyen and Haidong Wang and Ben Zipkin and Abajobir, {Amanuel Alemu} and Marian Abouzeid and Abu-Rmeileh, {Niveen M.E.} and {Ahmad Kiadaliri}, Aliasghar and Ahmed, {Muktar Beshir} and Baran Aksut and Khurshid Alam and Deena Alasfoor and Raghib Ali and Reza Alizadeh-Navaei and Rajaa Al-Raddadi and Ubai Alsharif and Altirkawi, {Khalid A.} and Nelson Alvis-Guzman and Nahla Anber and Palwasha Anwari and Johan {\"A}rnl{\"o}v and Asgedom, {Solomon Weldegebreal} and Atey, {Tesfay Mehari} and Ashish Awasthi and Till B{\"a}rnighausen and Umar Bacha and Aleksandra Barac and Barker-Collo, {Suzanne L.} and Neeraj Bedi and Bennett, {Derrick A.} and Berhe, {Derbew Fikadu} and Sibhatu Biadgilign and Butt, {Zahid A.}",
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    T1 - Burden of cardiovascular diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015

    T2 - findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

    AU - GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Cardiovascular Disease Collaborators

    AU - Tehrani-Banihashemi, Arash

    AU - Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar

    AU - Elbcheraoui, Charbel

    AU - Charara, Raghid

    AU - Khalil, Ibrahim

    AU - Afshin, Ashkan

    AU - Collison, Michael

    AU - Daoud, Farah

    AU - Krohn, Kristopher J.

    AU - Chew, Adrienne

    AU - Cornaby, Leslie

    AU - Foreman, Kyle J.

    AU - Frostad, Joseph

    AU - Kassebaum, Nicholas J.

    AU - Kemmer, Laura

    AU - Kutz, Michael

    AU - Liu, Patrick

    AU - Mirarefin, Mojde

    AU - Nguyen, Grant

    AU - Wang, Haidong

    AU - Zipkin, Ben

    AU - Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu

    AU - Abouzeid, Marian

    AU - Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M.E.

    AU - Ahmad Kiadaliri, Aliasghar

    AU - Ahmed, Muktar Beshir

    AU - Aksut, Baran

    AU - Alam, Khurshid

    AU - Alasfoor, Deena

    AU - Ali, Raghib

    AU - Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza

    AU - Al-Raddadi, Rajaa

    AU - Alsharif, Ubai

    AU - Altirkawi, Khalid A.

    AU - Alvis-Guzman, Nelson

    AU - Anber, Nahla

    AU - Anwari, Palwasha

    AU - Ärnlöv, Johan

    AU - Asgedom, Solomon Weldegebreal

    AU - Atey, Tesfay Mehari

    AU - Awasthi, Ashish

    AU - Bärnighausen, Till

    AU - Bacha, Umar

    AU - Barac, Aleksandra

    AU - Barker-Collo, Suzanne L.

    AU - Bedi, Neeraj

    AU - Bennett, Derrick A.

    AU - Berhe, Derbew Fikadu

    AU - Biadgilign, Sibhatu

    AU - Butt, Zahid A.

    PY - 2018/5/1

    Y1 - 2018/5/1

    N2 - Objectives: To report the burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) during 1990–2015. Methods: We used the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study for estimates of mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of different CVD in 22 countries of EMR. Results: A total of 1.4 million CVD deaths (95% UI: 1.3–1.5) occurred in 2015 in the EMR, with the highest number of deaths in Pakistan (465,116) and the lowest number of deaths in Qatar (723). The age-standardized DALY rate per 100,000 decreased from 10,080 in 1990 to 8606 in 2015 (14.6% decrease). Afghanistan had the highest age-standardized DALY rate of CVD in both 1990 and 2015. Kuwait and Qatar had the lowest age-standardized DALY rates of CVD in 1990 and 2015, respectively. High blood pressure, high total cholesterol, and high body mass index were the leading risk factors for CVD. Conclusions: The age-standardized DALY rates in the EMR are considerably higher than the global average. These findings call for a comprehensive approach to prevent and control the burden of CVD in the region.

    AB - Objectives: To report the burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) during 1990–2015. Methods: We used the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study for estimates of mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of different CVD in 22 countries of EMR. Results: A total of 1.4 million CVD deaths (95% UI: 1.3–1.5) occurred in 2015 in the EMR, with the highest number of deaths in Pakistan (465,116) and the lowest number of deaths in Qatar (723). The age-standardized DALY rate per 100,000 decreased from 10,080 in 1990 to 8606 in 2015 (14.6% decrease). Afghanistan had the highest age-standardized DALY rate of CVD in both 1990 and 2015. Kuwait and Qatar had the lowest age-standardized DALY rates of CVD in 1990 and 2015, respectively. High blood pressure, high total cholesterol, and high body mass index were the leading risk factors for CVD. Conclusions: The age-standardized DALY rates in the EMR are considerably higher than the global average. These findings call for a comprehensive approach to prevent and control the burden of CVD in the region.

    KW - Burden of disease

    KW - Cardiovascular disease

    KW - Eastern Mediterranean Region

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    U2 - 10.1007/s00038-017-1012-3

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    EP - 149

    JO - International Journal of Public Health

    JF - International Journal of Public Health

    SN - 1661-8556

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