Burden of cardiovascular diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Cardiovascular Disease Collaborators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To report the burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) during 1990–2015. Methods: We used the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study for estimates of mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of different CVD in 22 countries of EMR. Results: A total of 1.4 million CVD deaths (95% UI: 1.3–1.5) occurred in 2015 in the EMR, with the highest number of deaths in Pakistan (465,116) and the lowest number of deaths in Qatar (723). The age-standardized DALY rate per 100,000 decreased from 10,080 in 1990 to 8606 in 2015 (14.6% decrease). Afghanistan had the highest age-standardized DALY rate of CVD in both 1990 and 2015. Kuwait and Qatar had the lowest age-standardized DALY rates of CVD in 1990 and 2015, respectively. High blood pressure, high total cholesterol, and high body mass index were the leading risk factors for CVD. Conclusions: The age-standardized DALY rates in the EMR are considerably higher than the global average. These findings call for a comprehensive approach to prevent and control the burden of CVD in the region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-149
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Volume63
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

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Mediterranean Region
Quality-Adjusted Life Years
Cardiovascular Diseases
Qatar
Kuwait
Afghanistan
Pakistan
Global Burden of Disease
Body Mass Index
Cholesterol
Hypertension
Mortality

Keywords

  • Burden of disease
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Eastern Mediterranean Region

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Burden of cardiovascular diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015 : findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. / GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Cardiovascular Disease Collaborators.

In: International Journal of Public Health, Vol. 63, 01.05.2018, p. 137-149.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Burden of cardiovascular diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study",
abstract = "Objectives: To report the burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) during 1990–2015. Methods: We used the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study for estimates of mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of different CVD in 22 countries of EMR. Results: A total of 1.4 million CVD deaths (95{\%} UI: 1.3–1.5) occurred in 2015 in the EMR, with the highest number of deaths in Pakistan (465,116) and the lowest number of deaths in Qatar (723). The age-standardized DALY rate per 100,000 decreased from 10,080 in 1990 to 8606 in 2015 (14.6{\%} decrease). Afghanistan had the highest age-standardized DALY rate of CVD in both 1990 and 2015. Kuwait and Qatar had the lowest age-standardized DALY rates of CVD in 1990 and 2015, respectively. High blood pressure, high total cholesterol, and high body mass index were the leading risk factors for CVD. Conclusions: The age-standardized DALY rates in the EMR are considerably higher than the global average. These findings call for a comprehensive approach to prevent and control the burden of CVD in the region.",
keywords = "Burden of disease, Cardiovascular disease, Eastern Mediterranean Region",
author = "{GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Cardiovascular Disease Collaborators} and Arash Tehrani-Banihashemi and Maziar Moradi-Lakeh and Charbel Elbcheraoui and Raghid Charara and Ibrahim Khalil and Ashkan Afshin and Michael Collison and Farah Daoud and Krohn, {Kristopher J.} and Adrienne Chew and Leslie Cornaby and Foreman, {Kyle J.} and Joseph Frostad and Kassebaum, {Nicholas J.} and Laura Kemmer and Michael Kutz and Patrick Liu and Mojde Mirarefin and Grant Nguyen and Haidong Wang and Ben Zipkin and Abajobir, {Amanuel Alemu} and Marian Abouzeid and Abu-Rmeileh, {Niveen M.E.} and {Ahmad Kiadaliri}, Aliasghar and Ahmed, {Muktar Beshir} and Baran Aksut and Khurshid Alam and Deena Alasfoor and Raghib Ali and Reza Alizadeh-Navaei and Rajaa Al-Raddadi and Ubai Alsharif and Altirkawi, {Khalid A.} and Nelson Alvis-Guzman and Nahla Anber and Palwasha Anwari and Johan {\"A}rnl{\"o}v and Asgedom, {Solomon Weldegebreal} and Atey, {Tesfay Mehari} and Ashish Awasthi and Till B{\"a}rnighausen and Umar Bacha and Aleksandra Barac and Barker-Collo, {Suzanne L.} and Neeraj Bedi and Bennett, {Derrick A.} and Berhe, {Derbew Fikadu} and Sibhatu Biadgilign and Butt, {Zahid A.}",
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T1 - Burden of cardiovascular diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015

T2 - findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

AU - GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Cardiovascular Disease Collaborators

AU - Tehrani-Banihashemi, Arash

AU - Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar

AU - Elbcheraoui, Charbel

AU - Charara, Raghid

AU - Khalil, Ibrahim

AU - Afshin, Ashkan

AU - Collison, Michael

AU - Daoud, Farah

AU - Krohn, Kristopher J.

AU - Chew, Adrienne

AU - Cornaby, Leslie

AU - Foreman, Kyle J.

AU - Frostad, Joseph

AU - Kassebaum, Nicholas J.

AU - Kemmer, Laura

AU - Kutz, Michael

AU - Liu, Patrick

AU - Mirarefin, Mojde

AU - Nguyen, Grant

AU - Wang, Haidong

AU - Zipkin, Ben

AU - Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu

AU - Abouzeid, Marian

AU - Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M.E.

AU - Ahmad Kiadaliri, Aliasghar

AU - Ahmed, Muktar Beshir

AU - Aksut, Baran

AU - Alam, Khurshid

AU - Alasfoor, Deena

AU - Ali, Raghib

AU - Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza

AU - Al-Raddadi, Rajaa

AU - Alsharif, Ubai

AU - Altirkawi, Khalid A.

AU - Alvis-Guzman, Nelson

AU - Anber, Nahla

AU - Anwari, Palwasha

AU - Ärnlöv, Johan

AU - Asgedom, Solomon Weldegebreal

AU - Atey, Tesfay Mehari

AU - Awasthi, Ashish

AU - Bärnighausen, Till

AU - Bacha, Umar

AU - Barac, Aleksandra

AU - Barker-Collo, Suzanne L.

AU - Bedi, Neeraj

AU - Bennett, Derrick A.

AU - Berhe, Derbew Fikadu

AU - Biadgilign, Sibhatu

AU - Butt, Zahid A.

PY - 2018/5/1

Y1 - 2018/5/1

N2 - Objectives: To report the burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) during 1990–2015. Methods: We used the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study for estimates of mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of different CVD in 22 countries of EMR. Results: A total of 1.4 million CVD deaths (95% UI: 1.3–1.5) occurred in 2015 in the EMR, with the highest number of deaths in Pakistan (465,116) and the lowest number of deaths in Qatar (723). The age-standardized DALY rate per 100,000 decreased from 10,080 in 1990 to 8606 in 2015 (14.6% decrease). Afghanistan had the highest age-standardized DALY rate of CVD in both 1990 and 2015. Kuwait and Qatar had the lowest age-standardized DALY rates of CVD in 1990 and 2015, respectively. High blood pressure, high total cholesterol, and high body mass index were the leading risk factors for CVD. Conclusions: The age-standardized DALY rates in the EMR are considerably higher than the global average. These findings call for a comprehensive approach to prevent and control the burden of CVD in the region.

AB - Objectives: To report the burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) during 1990–2015. Methods: We used the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study for estimates of mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of different CVD in 22 countries of EMR. Results: A total of 1.4 million CVD deaths (95% UI: 1.3–1.5) occurred in 2015 in the EMR, with the highest number of deaths in Pakistan (465,116) and the lowest number of deaths in Qatar (723). The age-standardized DALY rate per 100,000 decreased from 10,080 in 1990 to 8606 in 2015 (14.6% decrease). Afghanistan had the highest age-standardized DALY rate of CVD in both 1990 and 2015. Kuwait and Qatar had the lowest age-standardized DALY rates of CVD in 1990 and 2015, respectively. High blood pressure, high total cholesterol, and high body mass index were the leading risk factors for CVD. Conclusions: The age-standardized DALY rates in the EMR are considerably higher than the global average. These findings call for a comprehensive approach to prevent and control the burden of CVD in the region.

KW - Burden of disease

KW - Cardiovascular disease

KW - Eastern Mediterranean Region

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U2 - 10.1007/s00038-017-1012-3

DO - 10.1007/s00038-017-1012-3

M3 - Article

C2 - 28776245

AN - SCOPUS:85026820323

VL - 63

SP - 137

EP - 149

JO - International Journal of Public Health

JF - International Journal of Public Health

SN - 1661-8556

ER -