Bridging marine ecosystem and biogeochemistry research

Lessons and recommendations from comparative studies

B. Salihoglu, S. Neuer, S. Painting, R. Murtugudde, E. E. Hofmann, J. H. Steele, R. R. Hood, L. Legendre, M. W. Lomas, J. D. Wiggert, S. Ito, Zouhair Lachkhar, G. L. Hunt, K. F. Drinkwater, C. L. Sabine

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    There is growing interest in linking marine biogeochemistry with marine ecosystems research in response to the increasing need to understand and predict the effect of global change on the marine ecosystem. Such a holistic approach combines oceanographic and biogeochemical processes and information on organisms, ranging from microbes to higher-trophic-levels. Comparative studies offer a means to improve understanding of critical mechanisms that influence marine systems by showing differences in ecosystem response to changing ocean conditions. Comparing similar biomes that differ in a particular set of physical or biological characteristics can provide insight into the susceptibility of the key features of a system to perturbation. Also, comparative studies based on long-term observations at fixed time-series stations enable the evaluation of long-term changes in the physical and biological environment, such as those driven by climate patterns. Moreover, the comparative approach provides a feasible alternative to costly and complex research programs designed to provide detailed end-to-end evaluations of marine systems. Planned and unplanned perturbations allow the investigation of the sensitivity of ecosystems and their biogeochemical processes to change at different time and space scales. In well-studied regions where sufficient data are available, models can provide comprehensive syntheses, mechanistic insights and even predictions. We present examples of successful comparative studies that incorporate both biogeochemical and ecosystems aspects. A framework for a basic approach for comparative studies is proposed that considers the interactions between biogeochemical cycles and ecosystems. This approach is based on constructing a minimalistic observational framework grounded within a conceptual model.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)161-175
    Number of pages15
    JournalJournal of Marine Systems
    Volume109-110
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

    Fingerprint

    biogeochemistry
    marine ecosystem
    comparative study
    ecosystems
    ecosystem
    perturbation
    ecosystem response
    holistic approach
    biological characteristics
    biogeochemical cycle
    biome
    long-term change
    global change
    research program
    trophic level
    research programs
    space and time
    biogeochemical cycles
    time series
    time series analysis

    Keywords

    • Biogeochemistry
    • Comparative studies
    • Ecosystems
    • Marine

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Oceanography
    • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
    • Aquatic Science

    Cite this

    Salihoglu, B., Neuer, S., Painting, S., Murtugudde, R., Hofmann, E. E., Steele, J. H., ... Sabine, C. L. (2013). Bridging marine ecosystem and biogeochemistry research: Lessons and recommendations from comparative studies. Journal of Marine Systems, 109-110, 161-175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2012.07.005

    Bridging marine ecosystem and biogeochemistry research : Lessons and recommendations from comparative studies. / Salihoglu, B.; Neuer, S.; Painting, S.; Murtugudde, R.; Hofmann, E. E.; Steele, J. H.; Hood, R. R.; Legendre, L.; Lomas, M. W.; Wiggert, J. D.; Ito, S.; Lachkhar, Zouhair; Hunt, G. L.; Drinkwater, K. F.; Sabine, C. L.

    In: Journal of Marine Systems, Vol. 109-110, 01.01.2013, p. 161-175.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Salihoglu, B, Neuer, S, Painting, S, Murtugudde, R, Hofmann, EE, Steele, JH, Hood, RR, Legendre, L, Lomas, MW, Wiggert, JD, Ito, S, Lachkhar, Z, Hunt, GL, Drinkwater, KF & Sabine, CL 2013, 'Bridging marine ecosystem and biogeochemistry research: Lessons and recommendations from comparative studies', Journal of Marine Systems, vol. 109-110, pp. 161-175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2012.07.005
    Salihoglu, B. ; Neuer, S. ; Painting, S. ; Murtugudde, R. ; Hofmann, E. E. ; Steele, J. H. ; Hood, R. R. ; Legendre, L. ; Lomas, M. W. ; Wiggert, J. D. ; Ito, S. ; Lachkhar, Zouhair ; Hunt, G. L. ; Drinkwater, K. F. ; Sabine, C. L. / Bridging marine ecosystem and biogeochemistry research : Lessons and recommendations from comparative studies. In: Journal of Marine Systems. 2013 ; Vol. 109-110. pp. 161-175.
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