Brain structures in verbal communication: A focus on prosody

D. V. Lancker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Human communication is made up of three domains: speech, language, and pragmatics, which can be fully specified as a set of rules, units, and practices. Prosodic function spans these domains. Neurolinguistic studies utilizing an array of disparate techniques reveal that many parts of the brain are required for normal communicative function. Speech and language are largely lateralized to the left cerebral hemisphere, while pragmatic competence appears to require an intact right hemisphere. Familiarity agnosias have been associated with right hemisphere dysfunction, leading to an explanation for preserved familiar proper noun recognition in severe aphasia. This model pertains to the adult brain; due to the poorly understood phenomenon of cerebral plasticity, laterality of function in children is established weakly and slowly. The basal ganglia may subserve well-known phrasal structures such as that seen in 'automatic speech,' and some kinds of prosodic competence, both in production and perception. A thorough model of language and the brain takes into account two horizontal and one vertical dimension: the left-right dimension of hemispheric model differences; the anterior-posterior dimension reflecting sensory and motor processes; and the vertical interaction of cortical and subcortical processes. All of these participate crucially in the different domains of communication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
JournalTopics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Volume7
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Language
Communication
Mental Competency
Brain
Agnosia
Vertical Dimension
Aphasia
Cerebrum
Basal Ganglia
Recognition (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Aphasia
  • Automatic speech
  • Hemispheric specialization
  • Neurolinguistics
  • Right hemisphere function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Brain structures in verbal communication : A focus on prosody. / Lancker, D. V.

In: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2000, p. 1-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a99846c4403945e991ed748137844843,
title = "Brain structures in verbal communication: A focus on prosody",
abstract = "Human communication is made up of three domains: speech, language, and pragmatics, which can be fully specified as a set of rules, units, and practices. Prosodic function spans these domains. Neurolinguistic studies utilizing an array of disparate techniques reveal that many parts of the brain are required for normal communicative function. Speech and language are largely lateralized to the left cerebral hemisphere, while pragmatic competence appears to require an intact right hemisphere. Familiarity agnosias have been associated with right hemisphere dysfunction, leading to an explanation for preserved familiar proper noun recognition in severe aphasia. This model pertains to the adult brain; due to the poorly understood phenomenon of cerebral plasticity, laterality of function in children is established weakly and slowly. The basal ganglia may subserve well-known phrasal structures such as that seen in 'automatic speech,' and some kinds of prosodic competence, both in production and perception. A thorough model of language and the brain takes into account two horizontal and one vertical dimension: the left-right dimension of hemispheric model differences; the anterior-posterior dimension reflecting sensory and motor processes; and the vertical interaction of cortical and subcortical processes. All of these participate crucially in the different domains of communication.",
keywords = "Aphasia, Automatic speech, Hemispheric specialization, Neurolinguistics, Right hemisphere function",
author = "Lancker, {D. V.}",
year = "2000",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "7",
pages = "1--23",
journal = "Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation",
issn = "1074-9357",
publisher = "Thomas Land Publishers Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Brain structures in verbal communication

T2 - A focus on prosody

AU - Lancker, D. V.

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - Human communication is made up of three domains: speech, language, and pragmatics, which can be fully specified as a set of rules, units, and practices. Prosodic function spans these domains. Neurolinguistic studies utilizing an array of disparate techniques reveal that many parts of the brain are required for normal communicative function. Speech and language are largely lateralized to the left cerebral hemisphere, while pragmatic competence appears to require an intact right hemisphere. Familiarity agnosias have been associated with right hemisphere dysfunction, leading to an explanation for preserved familiar proper noun recognition in severe aphasia. This model pertains to the adult brain; due to the poorly understood phenomenon of cerebral plasticity, laterality of function in children is established weakly and slowly. The basal ganglia may subserve well-known phrasal structures such as that seen in 'automatic speech,' and some kinds of prosodic competence, both in production and perception. A thorough model of language and the brain takes into account two horizontal and one vertical dimension: the left-right dimension of hemispheric model differences; the anterior-posterior dimension reflecting sensory and motor processes; and the vertical interaction of cortical and subcortical processes. All of these participate crucially in the different domains of communication.

AB - Human communication is made up of three domains: speech, language, and pragmatics, which can be fully specified as a set of rules, units, and practices. Prosodic function spans these domains. Neurolinguistic studies utilizing an array of disparate techniques reveal that many parts of the brain are required for normal communicative function. Speech and language are largely lateralized to the left cerebral hemisphere, while pragmatic competence appears to require an intact right hemisphere. Familiarity agnosias have been associated with right hemisphere dysfunction, leading to an explanation for preserved familiar proper noun recognition in severe aphasia. This model pertains to the adult brain; due to the poorly understood phenomenon of cerebral plasticity, laterality of function in children is established weakly and slowly. The basal ganglia may subserve well-known phrasal structures such as that seen in 'automatic speech,' and some kinds of prosodic competence, both in production and perception. A thorough model of language and the brain takes into account two horizontal and one vertical dimension: the left-right dimension of hemispheric model differences; the anterior-posterior dimension reflecting sensory and motor processes; and the vertical interaction of cortical and subcortical processes. All of these participate crucially in the different domains of communication.

KW - Aphasia

KW - Automatic speech

KW - Hemispheric specialization

KW - Neurolinguistics

KW - Right hemisphere function

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034128174&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034128174&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - 1

EP - 23

JO - Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation

JF - Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation

SN - 1074-9357

IS - 1

ER -