Brackish water desalination for agriculture: Assessing the performance of inorganic fertilizer draw solutions

Wafa Suwaileh, Daniel Johnson, Nidal Hilal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Fertilizer drawn forward osmosis (FDFO) is a cost-effective technology for brackish water desalination. The diluted fertilizer draw solution can be used to supply nutrients to crops instead of separating it from the desalinated water. This work evaluates the performance of the FDFO using four fertilizer draw solutions with various concentrations (1.0, 1.5, 2.0 mol/L) and a polyamide thin film composite (TFC) FO membrane for brackish water desalination. The results revealed that KCl fertilizer draw solution achieved the highest water flux and adequate reverse salt flux as compared to other fertilizer draw solution. The mixture KCl + KNO3 and KH2PO4 fertilizer draw solution generated the lowest water permeation and reverse salt flux. KH2PO4 draw solute promoted the growth of salt scaling which affected the membrane productivity in terms of water flux. The negatively charge of the membrane surface was responsible for precipitation of salt on the selective layer. This influenced the performance and resulted in low water permeation and minimum loss of nutrients in the fertilizer draw solution. The advantage of FDFO is in not needing a recovery step to reconcentrate the draw solution, instead using diluted draw solution as a supplement to irrigation water via fertigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-63
Number of pages11
JournalDesalination
Volume456
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2019

Fingerprint

Fertilizers
Desalination
brackish water
Agriculture
fertilizer
agriculture
Water
Osmosis
Salts
osmosis
Fluxes
salt
membrane
Permeation
water
Nutrients
Membranes
Saline Waters
water desalination
inorganic fertiliser

Keywords

  • Brackish water desalination
  • Draw solution
  • Fertilizer drawn forward osmosis system
  • Scaling
  • Thin film composite membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Brackish water desalination for agriculture : Assessing the performance of inorganic fertilizer draw solutions. / Suwaileh, Wafa; Johnson, Daniel; Hilal, Nidal.

In: Desalination, Vol. 456, 15.04.2019, p. 53-63.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d584474410ad48e4b5386393756eefd7,
title = "Brackish water desalination for agriculture: Assessing the performance of inorganic fertilizer draw solutions",
abstract = "Fertilizer drawn forward osmosis (FDFO) is a cost-effective technology for brackish water desalination. The diluted fertilizer draw solution can be used to supply nutrients to crops instead of separating it from the desalinated water. This work evaluates the performance of the FDFO using four fertilizer draw solutions with various concentrations (1.0, 1.5, 2.0 mol/L) and a polyamide thin film composite (TFC) FO membrane for brackish water desalination. The results revealed that KCl fertilizer draw solution achieved the highest water flux and adequate reverse salt flux as compared to other fertilizer draw solution. The mixture KCl + KNO3 and KH2PO4 fertilizer draw solution generated the lowest water permeation and reverse salt flux. KH2PO4 draw solute promoted the growth of salt scaling which affected the membrane productivity in terms of water flux. The negatively charge of the membrane surface was responsible for precipitation of salt on the selective layer. This influenced the performance and resulted in low water permeation and minimum loss of nutrients in the fertilizer draw solution. The advantage of FDFO is in not needing a recovery step to reconcentrate the draw solution, instead using diluted draw solution as a supplement to irrigation water via fertigation.",
keywords = "Brackish water desalination, Draw solution, Fertilizer drawn forward osmosis system, Scaling, Thin film composite membrane",
author = "Wafa Suwaileh and Daniel Johnson and Nidal Hilal",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.desal.2019.01.014",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "456",
pages = "53--63",
journal = "Desalination",
issn = "0011-9164",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Brackish water desalination for agriculture

T2 - Assessing the performance of inorganic fertilizer draw solutions

AU - Suwaileh, Wafa

AU - Johnson, Daniel

AU - Hilal, Nidal

PY - 2019/4/15

Y1 - 2019/4/15

N2 - Fertilizer drawn forward osmosis (FDFO) is a cost-effective technology for brackish water desalination. The diluted fertilizer draw solution can be used to supply nutrients to crops instead of separating it from the desalinated water. This work evaluates the performance of the FDFO using four fertilizer draw solutions with various concentrations (1.0, 1.5, 2.0 mol/L) and a polyamide thin film composite (TFC) FO membrane for brackish water desalination. The results revealed that KCl fertilizer draw solution achieved the highest water flux and adequate reverse salt flux as compared to other fertilizer draw solution. The mixture KCl + KNO3 and KH2PO4 fertilizer draw solution generated the lowest water permeation and reverse salt flux. KH2PO4 draw solute promoted the growth of salt scaling which affected the membrane productivity in terms of water flux. The negatively charge of the membrane surface was responsible for precipitation of salt on the selective layer. This influenced the performance and resulted in low water permeation and minimum loss of nutrients in the fertilizer draw solution. The advantage of FDFO is in not needing a recovery step to reconcentrate the draw solution, instead using diluted draw solution as a supplement to irrigation water via fertigation.

AB - Fertilizer drawn forward osmosis (FDFO) is a cost-effective technology for brackish water desalination. The diluted fertilizer draw solution can be used to supply nutrients to crops instead of separating it from the desalinated water. This work evaluates the performance of the FDFO using four fertilizer draw solutions with various concentrations (1.0, 1.5, 2.0 mol/L) and a polyamide thin film composite (TFC) FO membrane for brackish water desalination. The results revealed that KCl fertilizer draw solution achieved the highest water flux and adequate reverse salt flux as compared to other fertilizer draw solution. The mixture KCl + KNO3 and KH2PO4 fertilizer draw solution generated the lowest water permeation and reverse salt flux. KH2PO4 draw solute promoted the growth of salt scaling which affected the membrane productivity in terms of water flux. The negatively charge of the membrane surface was responsible for precipitation of salt on the selective layer. This influenced the performance and resulted in low water permeation and minimum loss of nutrients in the fertilizer draw solution. The advantage of FDFO is in not needing a recovery step to reconcentrate the draw solution, instead using diluted draw solution as a supplement to irrigation water via fertigation.

KW - Brackish water desalination

KW - Draw solution

KW - Fertilizer drawn forward osmosis system

KW - Scaling

KW - Thin film composite membrane

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060290162&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85060290162&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.desal.2019.01.014

DO - 10.1016/j.desal.2019.01.014

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85060290162

VL - 456

SP - 53

EP - 63

JO - Desalination

JF - Desalination

SN - 0011-9164

ER -