Bowhead whales in the eastern Arctic, 1611-1911

Population reconstruction with historical whaling records

Robert (Bob) Allen, Ian Keay

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    As early as 1611 Bowhead whales resident between the east coast of Greenland and the island of Spitzbergen were the subject of intensive commercial hunting effort by Dutch, German and British whalers. By 1911 there was no significant, permanent population of Bowhead whales living in these waters. To understand the relationship between the commercial exploitation of the Bowhead and their eventual extinction we must determine the chronology of their decline, starting with an estimate of the initial, pristine stock size. In this paper we compare and contrast four methodological approaches that can be used to estimate the Greenland-Spitzbergen Bowhead stock size prior to, and during, commercial exploitation. Using species-specific biological parameters, a delayed-difference recruitment model, and historical whaling records, we reconstruct the Greenland-Spitzbergen Bowhead population throughout the period of human predation. We estimate that there were approximately 52,500 adult Bowhead whales resident in the waters between the east coast of Greenland and the island of Spitzbergen in 1611.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)89-113
    Number of pages25
    JournalEnvironment and History
    Volume12
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

    Fingerprint

    whaling
    Arctic
    whale
    exploitation
    reconstruction
    resident
    water
    coast
    hunting
    chronology
    predation
    extinction
    Bowhead Whale
    Greenland
    Whaling
    Residents
    Water
    Exploitation
    Coast

    Keywords

    • Bowhead whales
    • Historicalwhaling records
    • Marine mammal population estimation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geography, Planning and Development
    • History
    • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

    Cite this

    Bowhead whales in the eastern Arctic, 1611-1911 : Population reconstruction with historical whaling records. / Allen, Robert (Bob); Keay, Ian.

    In: Environment and History, Vol. 12, No. 1, 01.01.2006, p. 89-113.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    @article{eca0c5161f2e4a6496dcf708e65fa279,
    title = "Bowhead whales in the eastern Arctic, 1611-1911: Population reconstruction with historical whaling records",
    abstract = "As early as 1611 Bowhead whales resident between the east coast of Greenland and the island of Spitzbergen were the subject of intensive commercial hunting effort by Dutch, German and British whalers. By 1911 there was no significant, permanent population of Bowhead whales living in these waters. To understand the relationship between the commercial exploitation of the Bowhead and their eventual extinction we must determine the chronology of their decline, starting with an estimate of the initial, pristine stock size. In this paper we compare and contrast four methodological approaches that can be used to estimate the Greenland-Spitzbergen Bowhead stock size prior to, and during, commercial exploitation. Using species-specific biological parameters, a delayed-difference recruitment model, and historical whaling records, we reconstruct the Greenland-Spitzbergen Bowhead population throughout the period of human predation. We estimate that there were approximately 52,500 adult Bowhead whales resident in the waters between the east coast of Greenland and the island of Spitzbergen in 1611.",
    keywords = "Bowhead whales, Historicalwhaling records, Marine mammal population estimation",
    author = "Allen, {Robert (Bob)} and Ian Keay",
    year = "2006",
    month = "1",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.3197/096734006776026791",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "12",
    pages = "89--113",
    journal = "Environment and History",
    issn = "0967-3407",
    publisher = "White Horse Press",
    number = "1",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Bowhead whales in the eastern Arctic, 1611-1911

    T2 - Population reconstruction with historical whaling records

    AU - Allen, Robert (Bob)

    AU - Keay, Ian

    PY - 2006/1/1

    Y1 - 2006/1/1

    N2 - As early as 1611 Bowhead whales resident between the east coast of Greenland and the island of Spitzbergen were the subject of intensive commercial hunting effort by Dutch, German and British whalers. By 1911 there was no significant, permanent population of Bowhead whales living in these waters. To understand the relationship between the commercial exploitation of the Bowhead and their eventual extinction we must determine the chronology of their decline, starting with an estimate of the initial, pristine stock size. In this paper we compare and contrast four methodological approaches that can be used to estimate the Greenland-Spitzbergen Bowhead stock size prior to, and during, commercial exploitation. Using species-specific biological parameters, a delayed-difference recruitment model, and historical whaling records, we reconstruct the Greenland-Spitzbergen Bowhead population throughout the period of human predation. We estimate that there were approximately 52,500 adult Bowhead whales resident in the waters between the east coast of Greenland and the island of Spitzbergen in 1611.

    AB - As early as 1611 Bowhead whales resident between the east coast of Greenland and the island of Spitzbergen were the subject of intensive commercial hunting effort by Dutch, German and British whalers. By 1911 there was no significant, permanent population of Bowhead whales living in these waters. To understand the relationship between the commercial exploitation of the Bowhead and their eventual extinction we must determine the chronology of their decline, starting with an estimate of the initial, pristine stock size. In this paper we compare and contrast four methodological approaches that can be used to estimate the Greenland-Spitzbergen Bowhead stock size prior to, and during, commercial exploitation. Using species-specific biological parameters, a delayed-difference recruitment model, and historical whaling records, we reconstruct the Greenland-Spitzbergen Bowhead population throughout the period of human predation. We estimate that there were approximately 52,500 adult Bowhead whales resident in the waters between the east coast of Greenland and the island of Spitzbergen in 1611.

    KW - Bowhead whales

    KW - Historicalwhaling records

    KW - Marine mammal population estimation

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33644554502&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33644554502&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.3197/096734006776026791

    DO - 10.3197/096734006776026791

    M3 - Article

    VL - 12

    SP - 89

    EP - 113

    JO - Environment and History

    JF - Environment and History

    SN - 0967-3407

    IS - 1

    ER -